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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to

Commission file number: 1-14204

A picture containing text, clipart  Description automatically generated

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

06-0853042

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

3 Great Pasture Road

Danbury, Connecticut

06810

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203825-6000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share

FCEL

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(Nasdaq Global Market)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes      No  

Number of shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding as of June 7, 2022:  386,609,395

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

FORM 10-Q

Table of Contents

    

    

Page

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements.

3

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021.

3

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.

4

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the six months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.

5

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the three and six months ended April 30, 2022.

6

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the three and six months ended April 30, 2021.

7

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.

8

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

9

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

29

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

52

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

53

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

54

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

58

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

58

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

58

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

58

Item 5.

Other Information.

58

Item 6.

Exhibits.

59

Signatures

61

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

April 30,

October 31,

    

2022

    

2021

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents, unrestricted

$

467,774

$

432,213

Restricted cash and cash equivalents - short-term

5,301

11,268

Accounts receivable, net

15,466

14,730

Unbilled receivables

10,205

8,924

Inventories

82,878

67,074

Other current assets

13,602

9,177

Total current assets

595,226

543,386

Restricted cash and cash equivalents - long-term

16,477

16,731

Inventories - long-term

4,586

4,586

Project assets, net

239,864

223,277

Property, plant and equipment, net

44,767

39,416

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

7,658

8,109

Goodwill

4,075

4,075

Intangible assets, net

18,021

18,670

Other assets

15,542

16,998

Total assets (1)

$

946,216

$

875,248

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Current portion of long-term debt

$

9,919

$

10,085

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

946

1,032

Accounts payable

19,524

19,267

Accrued liabilities

24,011

16,099

Deferred revenue

25,902

6,287

Total current liabilities

80,302

52,770

Long-term deferred revenue and customer deposits

18,277

30,427

Long-term operating lease liabilities

7,709

8,093

Long-term debt and other liabilities

79,524

78,633

Total liabilities (1)

185,812

169,923

Redeemable Series B preferred stock (liquidation preference of $64,020 as of
April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021)

59,857

59,857

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

3,030

3,030

Total equity:

Stockholders’ equity:

Common stock ($0.0001 par value); 500,000,000 shares authorized as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021; 386,608,869 and 366,618,693 shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021, respectively

39

37

Additional paid-in capital

2,028,206

1,908,471

Accumulated deficit

(1,336,092)

(1,265,251)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(1,059)

(819)

Treasury stock, Common, at cost (99,664 and 73,430 shares as of April 30, 2022
and October 31, 2021, respectively)

(718)

(586)

Deferred compensation

718

586

Total stockholder's equity

691,094

642,438

Noncontrolling interest

6,423

Total equity

697,517

642,438

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders' equity

$

946,216

$

875,248

(1) The consolidated assets as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021 include $106,748 and $54,375, respectively, of assets of the variable interest entity (“VIE”) that can only be used to settle obligations of the VIE.  These assets include cash of $2,956, accounts receivable of $731, unbilled accounts receivable of $1,042, operating lease right of use assets of $1,188 and project assets of $100,831 as of April 30, 2022, and cash of $1,364 and project assets of $53,012 as of October 31, 2021, respectively. The consolidated liabilities as of April 30, 2022 include short-term operating lease liabilities of $157, accrued liabilities of $41 and long-term operating lease liability of $1,478. The consolidated liabilities as of October 31, 2021 were $0.

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Three Months Ended April 30,

    

2022

    

2021

Revenues:

Product

$

$

Service

2,639

660

Generation

9,050

6,185

Advanced Technologies

4,695

7,108

Total revenues

16,384

13,953

Costs of revenues:

Product

3,033

1,921

Service

3,033

2,867

Generation

14,120

9,422

Advanced Technologies

3,508

4,499

Total costs of revenues

23,694

18,709

Gross loss

(7,310)

(4,756)

Operating expenses:

Administrative and selling expenses

13,234

9,670

Research and development expenses

7,673

2,964

Total costs and expenses

20,907

12,634

Loss from operations

(28,217)

(17,390)

Interest expense

(1,707)

(1,563)

Other (expense) income, net

(202)

32

Loss before benefit for income taxes

(30,126)

(18,921)

Benefit for income taxes

4

Net loss

(30,126)

(18,917)

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

91

Net loss attributable to FuelCell Energy, Inc.

(30,217)

(18,917)

Series B preferred stock dividends

(800)

(800)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(31,017)

$

(19,717)

Loss per share basic and diluted:

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders

$

(0.08)

$

(0.06)

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding

372,615,824

322,500,592

Three Months Ended April 30,

    

2022

    

2021

Net loss

$

(30,126)

$

(18,917)

Other comprehensive loss:

Foreign currency translation adjustments

(149)

(60)

Total comprehensive loss

$

(30,275)

$

(18,977)

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

91

Comprehensive loss attributable to FuelCell Energy, Inc.

$

(30,366)

$

(18,977)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Six Months Ended April 30,

    

2022

    

2021

Revenues:

Product

$

18,000

$

Service

4,806

5,573

Generation

16,546

11,076

Advanced Technologies

8,827

12,181

Total revenues

48,179

28,830

Costs of revenues:

Product

21,240

4,287

Service

5,405

7,966

Generation

24,842

16,537

Advanced Technologies

6,897

8,414

Total costs of revenues

58,384

37,204

Gross loss

(10,205)

(8,374)

Operating expenses:

Administrative and selling expenses

50,199

18,602

Research and development expenses

12,657

4,787

Total costs and expenses

62,856

23,389

Loss from operations

(73,061)

(31,763)

Interest expense

(3,135)

(4,108)

Loss on extinguishment of debt

(11,156)

Loss on extinguishment of Series 1 preferred share obligation

(934)

Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability

(15,974)

Other expense, net

(50)

(946)

Loss before benefit for income taxes

(76,246)

(64,881)

Benefit for income taxes

4

Net loss

(76,246)

(64,877)

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

(5,405)

Net loss attributable to FuelCell Energy, Inc.

(70,841)

(64,877)

Series B preferred stock dividends

(1,600)

(1,600)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(72,441)

$

(66,477)

Loss per share basic and diluted:

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders

$

(0.20)

$

(0.21)

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding

369,626,543

317,219,129

Six Months Ended April 30,

    

2022

    

2021

Net loss

$

(76,246)

$

(64,877)

Other comprehensive loss:

Foreign currency translation adjustments

(240)

(2)

Total comprehensive loss

$

(76,486)

$

(64,879)

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

(5,405)

Comprehensive loss attributable to FuelCell Energy, Inc.

$

(71,081)

$

(64,879)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

Common Stock

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

    

Accumulated
Deficit

    

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

    

Treasury
Stock

    

Deferred
Compensation

Total Stockholder's Equity

Noncontrolling Interests

    

Total
Equity

Balance, October 31, 2021

366,618,693

$

37

$

1,908,471

$

(1,265,251)

$

(819)

$

(586)

$

586

$

642,438

$

$

642,438

Common stock issued, non-employee compensation

20,673

100

100

100

Stock issued under benefit plans, net of taxes paid upon vesting of restricted stock awards

60,052

(260)

(260)

(260)

Share based compensation

1,470

1,470

1,470

Preferred dividends — Series B

(800)

(800)

(800)

Effect of foreign currency translation

(91)

(91)

(91)

Adjustment for deferred compensation

(13,232)

(64)

64

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

5,496

5,496

(5,496)

Net Loss

(46,120)

(46,120)

(46,120)

Balance, January 31, 2022

366,686,186

$

37

$

1,908,981

$

(1,305,875)

$

(910)

$

(650)

$

650

$

602,233

$

(5,496)

$

596,737

Sale of common stock, net of fees

19,896,904

2

118,262

118,264

118,264

Common stock issued, non-employee compensation

13,002

68

68

68

Stock issued under benefit plans, net of taxes paid upon vesting of restricted stock awards

25,779

Share based compensation

1,695

1,695

1,695

Preferred dividends — Series B

(800)

(800)

(800)

Effect of foreign currency translation

(149)

(149)

(149)

Adjustment for deferred compensation

(13,002)

(68)

68

Reclassification of noncontrolling interest

12,419

12,419

Return of capital to noncontrolling interest

(496)

(496)

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

(95)

(95)

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

(91)

(91)

91

Net Loss

(30,126)

(30,126)

(30,126)

Balance, April 30, 2022

386,608,869

$

39

$

2,028,206

$

(1,336,092)

$

(1,059)

$

(718)

$

718

$

691,094

$

6,423

$

697,517

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

Common Stock

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

    

Accumulated
Deficit

    

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

    

Treasury
Stock

    

Deferred
Compensation

Total Equity

Balance, October 31, 2020

294,706,758

$

29

$

1,359,454

$

(1,164,196)

$

(739)

$

(432)

$

432

$

194,548

Sale of common stock, net of fees

25,000,000

3

156,363

156,366

Orion warrant exercises

2,700,000

21,824

21,824

Common stock issued, non-employee compensation

2,734

45

45

Stock issued under benefit plans, net of taxes paid upon vesting of restricted stock awards

4,521

8

8

Share based compensation

1,417

1,417

Preferred dividends — Series B

(800)

(800)

Effect of foreign currency translation

58

58

Adjustment for deferred compensation

(1,669)

(30)

30

Release of a share reserve

(48)

Net Loss

(45,960)

(45,960)

Balance, January 31, 2021

322,412,296

$

32

$

1,538,311

$

(1,210,156)

$

(681)

$

(462)

$

462

$

327,506

Sale of common stock, net of fees

5

5

Warrant exercises

14,026

269

269

Common stock issued, non-employee compensation

5,456

55

55

Stock issued under benefit plans, net of taxes paid upon vesting of restricted stock awards

64,782

(262)

(262)

Share based compensation

1,253

1,253

Preferred dividends — Series B

(800)

(800)

Effect of foreign currency translation

(60)

(60)

Adjustment for deferred compensation

(3,756)

(41)

41

Net Loss

(18,917)

(18,917)

Balance, April 30, 2021

322,492,804

$

32

$

1,538,831

$

(1,229,073)

$

(741)

$

(503)

$

503

$

309,049

7

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

Six Months Ended April 30,

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net loss

$

(76,246)

$

(64,877)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

Share-based compensation

3,165

2,670

Depreciation and amortization

11,103

10,412

Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability

15,974

Non-cash charge for extinguishment of preferred stock obligation of subsidiary

934

Non-cash interest expense on preferred stock and debt obligations

2,099

2,475

Non-cash charge for extinguishment of debt

7,156

Unrealized gain on derivative contract

(523)

(228)

Operating lease costs

779

761

Operating lease payments

(730)

(586)

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

976

Unrealized foreign currency losses

578

873

Other non-cash transactions

(134)

372

(Increase) decrease in operating assets:

Accounts receivable

(1,382)

(2,584)

Unbilled receivables

(242)

(645)

Inventories

(20,021)

(13,617)

Other assets

(6,154)

(2,930)

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:

Accounts payable

2,568

3,280

Accrued liabilities

8,057

(2,864)

Deferred revenue

11,400

2,262

Net cash used in operating activities

(64,707)

(41,162)

Cash flows from investing activities:

Capital expenditures

(10,395)

(960)

Project asset expenditures

(18,693)

(21,212)

Net cash used in investing activities

(29,088)

(22,172)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Repayment of debt

(4,857)

(91,669)

Common stock issued for stock plans and related expenses

26

(15)

Contributions received from sale of noncontrolling interest

12,419

Return of capital to noncontrolling interest

(496)

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

(95)

Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards

(286)

Repayment of Series 1 Preferred Share Obligation

(21,541)

Common stock issuance, net of fees

118,264

156,368

Proceeds from warrant exercises, net

923

Payment of preferred dividends

(1,600)

(1,600)

Net cash provided by financing activities

123,375

42,466

Effects on cash from changes in foreign currency rates

(240)

(2)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

29,340

(20,870)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash-beginning of period

460,212

192,052

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash-end of period

$

489,552

$

171,182

Supplemental cash flow disclosures:

Cash interest paid and early prepayment charge

$

815

$

8,790

Noncash financing and investing activity:

Operating lease liabilities

1,459

Operating lease right-of-use assets

1,459

Noncash reclassifications from inventory to project assets

4,217

8,929

Noncash reclassifications from other assets to project assets

2,375

Warrant exercises

21,170

Accrued purchase of fixed assets, cash to be paid in subsequent period

848

491

Accrued purchase of project assets, cash to be paid in subsequent period

5,085

3,078

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

8

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(Tabular amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Note 1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation

Headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut, FuelCell Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the “Company,” “FuelCell Energy,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) has leveraged five decades of research and development to become a global leader in delivering environmentally responsible distributed baseload power platform solutions through our proprietary fuel cell technology. As an innovator and an American manufacturer of clean fuel cell power platforms, our current commercial technology delivers clean, distributed generation and distributed hydrogen, as well as heat, carbon separation and utilization, and water. We plan to increase our investment in developing and commercializing future technologies expected to deliver hydrogen and long duration hydrogen-based energy storage through our solid oxide technologies, as well as carbon capture solutions.

As a leading global manufacturer of proprietary fuel cell technology platforms, we are uniquely positioned to serve customers worldwide with sustainable products and solutions for businesses, utilities, governments, and municipalities. Our solutions are designed to enable a world empowered by clean energy, enhancing the quality of life for people around the globe. We target large-scale power users with our megawatt-class installations globally, and currently offer sub-megawatt solutions for smaller power consumers in Europe. To provide a frame of reference, one megawatt is adequate to continually power approximately 1,000 average sized U.S. homes. Our customer base includes utility companies, municipalities, universities, hospitals, government entities/military bases and a variety of industrial and commercial enterprises. Our leading geographic markets are currently the United States and Korea, and we are pursuing opportunities in other countries around the world. Our product offerings drive our mission to help our customers realize their environmental goals, strengthen resiliency, manage energy and other commodity costs, and deliver valuable goods and services to their customers.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not contain all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to fairly present the Company’s financial position and results of operations as of and for the three and six months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 have been included. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The balance sheet as of October 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but it does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021, which are contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K previously filed with the SEC. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year.

Principles of Consolidation

The unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect our accounts and operations and those of our subsidiaries in which we have a controlling financial interest. We use a qualitative approach in assessing the consolidation requirement for each of our variable interest entities ("VIEs"), which are tax equity partnerships further described in Note 3. “Tax Equity Financings.” This approach focuses on determining whether we have the power to direct those activities of the tax equity partnerships that most significantly affect their economic performance and whether we have the obligation to absorb losses, or the right to receive benefits, that could potentially be significant to the tax equity partnerships. For all periods presented, we have determined that we are the primary beneficiary in all of our tax equity partnerships. We evaluate our tax equity partnerships on an ongoing basis to ensure that we continue to be the primary beneficiary.

9

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Estimates are used in accounting for, among other things, revenue recognition, excess, slow-moving and obsolete inventories, product warranty accruals, loss accruals on service agreements, share-based compensation expense, allowance for doubtful accounts, depreciation and amortization, impairment of goodwill and in-process research and development intangible assets, impairment of long-lived assets (including project assets), lease liabilities and right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, and contingencies. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically, and the effects of revisions are reflected in the consolidated financial statements in the period they are determined to be necessary. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results in future periods may differ from those estimates.

Liquidity

Our principal sources of cash have been sales of our common stock through public equity offerings, proceeds from debt, project financing and tax monetization transactions, proceeds from the sale of our projects, as well as research and development and service agreements with third parties. We have utilized this cash to develop and construct project assets, perform research and development on Advanced Technologies, pay down existing outstanding indebtedness, and meet our other cash and liquidity needs.

As of April 30, 2022, unrestricted cash and cash equivalents totaled $467.8 million compared to $432.2 million as of October 31, 2021.

On June 11, 2021, the Company entered into an Open Market Sale Agreement with Jefferies LLC and Barclays Capital Inc. with respect to an at the market offering program under which the Company may, from time to time, offer and sell shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $500 million. From the date of the Open Market Sale Agreement through April 30, 2022, approximately 64.0 million shares were sold, resulting in cumulative gross proceeds to the Company totaling approximately $498.1 million before deducting expenses and sales commissions. Cumulative net proceeds to the Company totaled approximately $488.1 million after deducting commissions and offering expenses totaling approximately $10.0 million. During the three and six months ended April 30, 2022 (which periods are included in the broader period described in the preceding two sentences), approximately 19.9 million shares were sold under the Open Market Sale Agreement at an average sales price of $6.07 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of $120.8 million, before deducting expenses and sales commissions. For the three and six months ended April 30, 2022, net proceeds to the Company totaled approximately $118.3 million after deducting commissions and offering expenses totaling approximately $2.4 million. The Company plans to use the net proceeds from this offering to accelerate the development and commercialization of our Advanced Technologies products, including our solid oxide platform, for project development, for internal research and development, to invest in capacity expansion for solid oxide and carbonate fuel cell manufacturing, and for project financing, working capital support, and general corporate purposes. The remaining availability under the Open Market Sale Agreement as of the date of filing of this report is approximately $1.9 million. See Note 13. “Stockholders’ Equity and Warrant Liabilities” for additional information regarding the Open Market Sale Agreement.

We believe that our unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, expected receipts from our contracted backlog, and release of short-term restricted cash less expected disbursements over the next twelve months will be sufficient to allow the Company to meet its obligations for at least one year from the date of issuance of these financial statements.

To date, we have not achieved profitable operations or sustained positive cash flow from operations. The Company’s future liquidity, in fiscal year 2022 and in the long-term, will depend on its ability to (i) timely complete current projects in process within budget, (ii) increase cash flows from its generation operating portfolio, including by meeting conditions required to timely commence operation of new projects, operating its generation operating portfolio in compliance with minimum performance guarantees and operating its generation operating portfolio in accordance with revenue expectations, (iii) obtain financing for project construction, (iv) obtain permanent financing for its projects once constructed, (v) increase order and contract volumes, which would lead to additional product sales, service agreements and generation revenues, (vi) obtain funding for and receive payment for research and development under current and future Advanced Technologies contracts, (vii) successfully commercialize its Advanced Technologies platforms, including its solid oxide, hydrogen and carbon capture platforms, (viii) implement the product cost reductions necessary to achieve

10

profitable operations, (ix) manage working capital and the Company’s unrestricted cash balance and (x) access the capital markets to raise funds through the sale of equity securities, convertible notes, and other equity-linked instruments.

We are continually assessing different means by which to accelerate the Company’s growth, enter new markets, commercialize new products, and enable capacity expansion. Therefore, from time to time, the Company may consider and enter into agreements for one or more of the following: negotiated financial transactions, minority investments, collaborative ventures, technology sharing, transfer or other technology license arrangements, joint ventures, partnerships, acquisitions or other business transactions for the purpose(s) of geographic or manufacturing expansion and/or new product or technology development and commercialization, including hydrogen production and storage and carbon capture, sequestration and utilization technologies.

Our business model requires substantial outside financing arrangements and satisfaction of the conditions of such  arrangements to construct and deploy our projects and facilitate the growth of our business. The Company has invested capital raised from sales of its common stock to build out its project portfolio. The Company has also utilized and expects to continue to utilize a combination of long-term debt and tax equity financing (e.g., sale-leaseback and partnership transactions) to finance its project asset portfolio as these projects commence commercial operations. The Company may also seek to undertake private placements of debt securities of a portfolio of assets to finance its project asset portfolio. The proceeds of any such financing, if obtained, may allow the Company to reinvest capital back into the business and to fund other projects. We may also seek to obtain additional financing in both the debt and equity markets in the future. If financing is not available to us on acceptable terms if and when needed, or on terms acceptable to us or our lenders, if we do not satisfy the conditions of our financing arrangements, if we spend more than the financing approved for projects, if project costs exceed an amount that the Company can finance, or if we do not generate sufficient revenues or obtain capital sufficient for our corporate needs, we may be required to reduce or slow planned spending, reduce staffing, sell assets, seek alternative financing and take other measures, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and operations.

Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

There is no recently adopted accounting guidance.

Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Effective

There is no recent accounting guidance that is not yet effective that is expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements when adopted.

Note 3. Tax Equity Financings

Groton Tax Equity Financing Transaction

The Company closed on a tax equity financing transaction in August 2021 with East West Bancorp, Inc. (“East West Bank”) for the 7.4 MW fuel cell project (the “Groton Project”) located on the U.S. Navy Submarine Base in Groton, CT, also known as the Submarine Force. East West Bank’s tax equity commitment totals $15 million. 

This transaction was structured as a “partnership flip”, which is a structure commonly used by tax equity investors in the financing of renewable energy projects. Under this partnership flip structure, a partnership, in this case Groton Station Fuel Cell Holdco, LLC (the “Groton Partnership”), was organized to acquire from FuelCell Energy Finance II, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, all outstanding equity interests in Groton Station Fuel Cell, LLC (the “Groton Project Company”) which in turn owns the Groton Project and is the party to the power purchase agreement and all project agreements.  East West Bank holds Class A Units in the Groton Partnership and a subsidiary of the Company holds the Class B Units. The acquisition of the Groton Project Company by the Groton Partnership was funded in part by an initial draw from East West Bank and funds contributed downstream to the Groton Partnership by the Company. The initial closing occurred on August 4, 2021, upon the satisfaction of certain conditions precedent (including the receipt of an appraisal and confirmation that the Groton Project would be eligible for the investment tax credit under Section 48 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended).  In connection with the initial closing, the Company was able to draw down $3.0 million, of which approximately $0.8 million was used to pay closing costs including appraisal fees, title insurance expenses and legal and consulting fees. The Company is eligible to draw the remaining amount of the commitment,

11

approximately $12 million, once the Groton Project achieves commercial operation.  When such funds are drawn down, the funds will be distributed upstream to the Company, as a reimbursement of prior construction costs incurred by the Company.

Under most partnership flip structures, tax equity investors agree to receive a minimum target rate of return, typically on an after-tax basis. Prior to receiving a contractual rate of return or a date specified in the contractual arrangements, East West Bank will receive substantially all of the non-cash value attributable to the Groton Project, which includes accelerated depreciation and Section 48(a) investment tax credits; however, the Company will receive a majority of the cash distributions (based on the operating income of the Groton Project), which are paid quarterly. After East West Bank receives its contractual rate of return, the Company will receive approximately 95% of the cash and tax allocations. The Company (through a separate wholly owned entity) may enter into a back leverage debt financing transaction and use the cash distributions from the Groton Partnership to service the debt.

We have determined we are the primary beneficiary in the Groton Partnership for accounting purposes as a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) under GAAP. We have considered the provisions within the financing-related agreements (including the limited liability company agreement for the Groton Partnership) which grant us power to manage and make decisions affecting the operations of the Groton Partnership. We consider the rights granted to East West Bank under the agreements to be more protective in nature than participatory. Therefore, we have determined under the power and benefits criterion of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, Consolidations that we are the primary beneficiary of the Groton Partnership. As the primary beneficiary, we consolidate the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Groton Partnership in our consolidated financial statements, and all intercompany balances and transactions between us and the Groton Partnership are eliminated. We recognized East West Bank’s share of the net assets of the Groton Partnership as redeemable noncontrolling interests in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. East West Bank’s share of the net assets is considered as a redeemable noncontrolling interest due to the conditional withdrawal right under which, if events outside the control of the Company occur (such as the failure to meet the commercial operation deadline for the Groton Project, which failure occurred on May 15, 2022), East West Bank has the ability to force the Company to redeem its interest in the Groton Partnership. East West Bank has not confirmed its intent to redeem its interest. The income or loss allocations reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss may create volatility in our reported results of operations, including potentially changing net loss attributable to stockholders to net income attributable to stockholders, or vice versa, from quarter to quarter. Once the Groton Project is operational, we will allocate profits and losses to noncontrolling interests under the hypothetical liquidation at book value ("HLBV") method. HLBV is a balance sheet-oriented approach for applying the equity method of accounting when there is a complex structure, such as the partnership flip structure. There were no amounts allocated to noncontrolling interest for the three months and six months ended April 30, 2022 for the Groton Partnership.

Yaphank Tax Equity Financing Transaction

The Company closed on a tax equity financing transaction in November 2021 with Renewable Energy Investors, LLC (“REI”) , a subsidiary of Franklin Park Infrastructure, LLC, for the 7.4 MW fuel cell project (the “LIPA Yaphank Project”) located in Yaphank Long Island. REI’s tax equity commitment totaled $12.4 million. 

This transaction was structured as a “partnership flip,” which is a structure commonly used by tax equity investors in the financing of renewable energy projects. Under this partnership flip structure, a partnership, in this case YTBFC Holdco, LLC (the “Yaphank Partnership”), was organized to acquire from FuelCell Energy Finance II, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, all outstanding equity interests in Yaphank Fuel Cell Park, LLC which in turn owns the LIPA Yaphank Project and is the party to the power purchase agreement and all project agreements. REI holds Class A Units in the Yaphank Partnership and a subsidiary of the Company holds the Class B Units. The initial funding occurred on December 13, 2021, upon the satisfaction of certain conditions precedent (including the receipt of an appraisal and confirmation that the LIPA Yaphank Project would be eligible for the investment tax credit (“ITC”) under Section 48 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended).  In connection with the initial closing, the Company was able to draw down approximately $3.2 million, of which approximately $0.4 million was used to pay closing costs, including title insurance expenses and legal and consulting fees. The Company drew down the remaining amount of the commitment, approximately $9.2 million, in December 2021 and January 2022, after the LIPA Yaphank Project achieved commercial operation. These proceeds were partially offset by legal and advisory fees of approximately $0.4 million.

The Company determined during the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 that there was an overpayment by REI of the Class A Member Capital Contribution of $0.5 million and as such the Company refunded this amount back to REI reducing the

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REI tax equity commitment to $11.9 million. During the three and six months ended April 30, 2022, the Company made a priority return distribution to REI of $0.1 million which was calculated at a 2.73% annual interest rate of invested tax equity capital.  

Under a partnership flip structure, tax equity investors agree to receive a minimum target rate of return, typically on an after-tax basis. Prior to receiving a contractual rate of return or a date specified in the contractual arrangements, REI will receive substantially all of the non-cash value attributable to the LIPA Yaphank Project, which includes accelerated depreciation and Section 48(a) investment tax credits; however, the Company will receive a majority of the cash distributions (based on the operating income of the LIPA Yaphank Project), which are paid quarterly. After REI receives its contractual rate of return, the Company will receive approximately 95% of the cash and tax allocations. The Company may enter into a back leverage debt financing transaction and use the cash distributions from the Yaphank Partnership to service the debt.  

Under this partnership flip structure, after the fifth anniversary following achievement of commercial operations, we have an option to acquire all of the equity interests that REI holds in the Yaphank Partnership starting after REI receives its contractual rate of return (the anticipated “flip” date) after the LIPA Yaphank Project is operational. If we exercise this option, we will be required to pay the greater of the following: (i) the fair market value of REI's equity interest at the time the option is exercised or (ii) an amount equal to 10.3% of REI’s capital contributions. This option payment is to be grossed up for federal taxes if it exceeds the tax basis of the Yaphank Partnership Class A Units.

We are the primary beneficiary in the Yaphank Partnership for accounting purposes as a VIE under GAAP. We have considered the provisions within the financing-related agreements (including the limited liability company agreement for the Yaphank Partnership) which grant us power to manage and make decisions affecting the operations of the Yaphank Partnership. We consider that the rights granted to REI under the agreements to be more protective in nature rather than participatory. Therefore, we have determined under the power and benefits criterion of ASC 810, Consolidations that we are the primary beneficiary of the Yaphank Partnership. As the primary beneficiary, we consolidate the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Yaphank Partnership in our consolidated financial statements, and all intercompany balances and transactions between us and the Yaphank Partnership are eliminated. We recognized REI’s share of the net assets of the Yaphank Partnership as noncontrolling interests in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The income or loss allocations reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss may create volatility in our reported results of operations, including potentially changing net loss attributable to stockholders to net income attributable to stockholders, or vice versa, from quarter to quarter. We allocate profits and losses to REI’s noncontrolling interest under the HLBV method. HLBV is a balance sheet-oriented approach for applying the equity method of accounting when there is a complex structure, such as the partnership flip structure. For the three months and six months ended April 30, 2022, net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests totaled $0.1 million and $(5.4) million, respectively.

During the preparation of the financial statements for the quarterly period ended April 30, 2022, the Company identified a misstatement in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 31, 2022 related to the tax equity financing transaction for the LIPA Yaphank Project. In the financial statements issued for the quarterly period ended January 31, 2022, the REI tax equity commitment was incorrectly categorized as a Redeemable noncontrolling interest which totaled $12.4 million. The amount should have been classified as a Noncontrolling interest within Equity since the conditional withdrawal period expired upon the LIPA Yaphank Project achieving commercial operation in December 2021. The Company evaluated this misstatement based on the guidance provided by the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin 99, Materiality, and determined that its impact was not material to the Company’s previously issued interim financial statements, and accordingly, no prior period financial statements have been restated. The Company corrected the classification prospectively in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of April 30, 2022 and the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity as of April 30, 2022.

Note 4. Revenue Recognition

Contract Balances

Contract assets as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021 were $20.7 million and $20.5 million, respectively. The contract assets relate to the Company’s rights to consideration for work performed but not billed. These amounts are included on a separate line item as Unbilled receivables for amounts expected to be billed within one year from the balance sheet date, and balances expected to be billed later than one year from the balance sheet date are included within Other assets on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. The net change in contract assets represents amounts recognized as revenue offset by customer billings.

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Contract liabilities as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021 were $44.2 million and $36.7 million, respectively. The contract liabilities relate to the advance billings to customers for services that will be recognized over time and in some instances for deferred revenue relating to license performance obligations that will be recognized at a future point in time. The Company discontinued revenue recognition of the deferred license revenue related to the POSCO Energy License Agreements in July 2020 given the then pending arbitrations. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, $22.2 million related to the POSCO Energy License Agreements was recharacterized from deferred revenue to customer deposits within Long-term deferred revenue and customer deposits on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The net change in contract liabilities represents customer billings offset by revenue recognized.

Contract modification

As a result of the settlement reached with POSCO Energy Co., Ltd. (“POSCO Energy”) (see Note 19. “Commitments and Contingencies” for further background), the Company evaluated the license agreements with POSCO Energy as well as all of the terms of the settlement agreement with POSCO Energy, which was effective December 20, 2021 (the “Settlement Agreement”).  As part of this analysis, the Company considered the accounting surrounding the execution of the Settlement Agreement, reviewed all elements related to the license agreements with POSCO Energy and the Settlement Agreement and considered any potential contingencies in the license agreements and whether any proceeds were related to the litigation settlement.

Under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, the Company agreed that the license agreements are not terminated, but instead are deemed to be amended such that POSCO Energy and its subsidiary, Korea Fuel Cell Co., Ltd. (“KFC”, and with POSCO Energy, collectively, “PE Group”), only have the right (i) to provide maintenance and repair services to PE Group’s existing customers on existing molten carbonate power generation and thermal projects under long-term service agreements currently in force as well as long-term service agreements that have expired and are pending renewal as of the settlement date (collectively, “Existing LTSAs”), (ii) to supply replacement modules purchased from the Company only for their existing customers for existing molten carbonate power generation and thermal projects under Existing LTSAs and (iii) to own, operate and maintain all facilities and factories solely for the purposes set forth in (i) and (ii) above (collectively, the “Right to Service License”) and further agreed to sell modules with a service warranty pursuant to a module sales agreement to be negotiated by the parties after execution of the Settlement Agreement. As such, the Company has considered the execution of the Settlement Agreement to be a contract modification as it results in a change in both the scope and price of a contract with a customer.  Therefore, the Company will account for such modification under the contract modification guidance included within ASC 606 (Revenue from Contracts with Customers).  Further, the Company noted that none of the parties to the Settlement Agreement specifically acknowledged any payment of damages or reimbursement of any costs related to the matters settled under the Settlement Agreement, which supports the conclusion that the overall settlement is a form of contract modification. Additionally, the transaction price allocated to the modified contract does not exceed the stand-alone selling prices (“SSP”) of the performance obligations under the modified contract (i.e., there is no indication of a premium that would indicate that a portion of the transaction price relates to something other than the promised goods or services).

The Company has identified two revenue elements of the Settlement Agreement related to module sales which include the sale of the module and a performance guarantee. The Company assessed the SSP of the modules utilizing a cost-plus margin approach to arrive at $3.0 million per module which will be recognized upon title transfer consistent with the Company’s established revenue recognition policies.  The Company is also providing a performance guarantee for up to seven years with each module to cover any annual output penalty that would need to be paid by PE Group to a customer. The Company evaluated this performance guarantee, determined that $0.67 million per module is considered to be variable consideration and recorded $3.9 million as variable consideration based upon the sale of six modules during the three and six months ended April 30, 2022. This variable consideration will be recognized as revenue if it is determined that there are no amounts due under the performance guarantee. In its analysis, the Company determined that it is probable that PE Group will exercise its option to purchase an additional 14 modules (with a performance guarantee) beyond the firm order of 20 modules, to which it is contractually committed. Given that the license rights for which the Company was previously recognizing revenue are no longer in place and the Company now has a new revenue stream from the enhanced warranty, the $22.2 million of deferred license revenue has been recharacterized as a customer deposit, of which $3.9 million was recorded as variable consideration within Long-term debt and other liabilities on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company will monitor the variable consideration based on the performance of the modules and make adjustments as necessary.

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EMTEC Joint Development Agreement

Effective as of October 31, 2019, the Company entered into a Joint Development Agreement (as amended, the “EMTEC Joint Development Agreement”) with ExxonMobil Technology and Engineering Company (formerly known as ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company) (“EMTEC”), pursuant to which the Company has engaged in exclusive research and development efforts with EMTEC to evaluate and develop new and/or improved carbonate fuel cells to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from industrial and power sources, in exchange for (i) payment by EMTEC of certain fees and costs (including research costs of up to $45 million) as well as certain milestone-based payments, and (ii) certain licenses.

In Amendment No. 1 to the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement (“Amendment No. 1”), which was executed on October 29, 2021 and effective as of October 31, 2021, the Company and EMTEC agreed, among other things, to extend the term of the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement for an additional six months, ending on April 30, 2022. Amendment No. 1 allowed for the continuation of research intended to enable incorporation of design improvements to Company fuel cell design in order to support a decision to use the improvements in a potential future demonstration of the technology for capturing carbon at ExxonMobil’s Rotterdam refinery in The Netherlands (such demonstration, the “Rotterdam Project”) and provided additional time to achieve the first milestone under the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement.

In a related letter agreement between the Company and EMTEC dated as of October 28, 2021 and executed on October 29, 2021 (the “Letter Agreement”), the Company agreed to invest with EMTEC in the Rotterdam Project, should EMTEC move forward with the Rotterdam Project. In the Letter Agreement, the Company agreed that, if (i) the Company achieves the first milestone under the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement (which the Company achieved in the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, resulting in a $5.0 million payment to the Company which the Company received in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022) and (ii) EMTEC and the Company execute a contractual agreement to proceed with the Rotterdam Project (which has not occurred), then at EMTEC’s option, the Company will either make an investment in the amount of $5.0 million in the Rotterdam Project or discount EMTEC’s purchase of the Company’s fuel cell module and detailed engineering design, as agreed to by the parties, required for the Rotterdam Project by said amount.

On April 29, 2022, the Company and EMTEC entered into Amendment No. 2 (“Amendment No. 2”) to the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement which was effective as of April 30, 2022 and which increased the maximum amount of research costs to be reimbursed by EMTEC from $45.0 million to $50.0 million and extended the term an additional eight months, ending December 31, 2022 (unless terminated earlier).

During the six months ended April 30, 2022, the Company achieved the first technical milestone under the EMTEC Joint Development Agreement and received payment of $5.0 million. The Company has not recognized revenue in connection with this milestone achievement as a result of its agreement, in the Letter Agreement described above, to either make a $5.0 million investment in the Rotterdam Project or discount EMTEC’s purchase of the Company’s fuel cell module and detailed engineering design for the Rotterdam Project by $5.0 million, should the Company enter into a contract with EMTEC to proceed with the Rotterdam Project. The Company will continue to evaluate revenue recognition of this milestone achievement as project negotiations with ExxonMobil (or a subsidiary thereof) evolve.

Remaining Performance Obligations

Remaining performance obligations are the aggregate amount of total contract transaction price that is unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied. As of April 30, 2022, the Company’s total remaining performance obligations were: $60.2 million for product revenue, $121.3 million for service agreements, and $35.4 million for Advanced Technologies contracts in the aggregate. Service revenue in periods in which there are no module exchanges is expected to be relatively consistent from period to period, whereas module exchanges will result in an increase in revenue when exchanges occur.

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Note 5. Accounts Receivable, Net and Unbilled Receivables

Accounts receivable, net and Unbilled receivables as of April 30, 2022 and October 31, 2021 consisted of the following (in thousands):

April 30,

October 31,

    

2022

    

2021

Commercial Customers:

Amount billed

$

10,881

$

13,854

Unbilled receivables (1)

8,591

7,175

19,472

21,029

Advanced Technologies (including U.S. government(2)):

Amount billed

4,585

876

Unbilled receivables

1,614

1,749

6,199

2,625

Accounts receivable, net and unbilled receivables

$

25,671

$

23,654