October 2022

Preliminary Terms No. 6,466

Registration Statement Nos. 333-250103; 333-250103-01

Dated September 30, 2022

Filed pursuant to Rule 433

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Structured Investments

Opportunities in U.S. Equities

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Fully and Unconditionally Guaranteed by Morgan Stanley

Principal at Risk Securities

The securities offered are unsecured obligations of Morgan Stanley Finance LLC (“MSFL”) and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Morgan Stanley. The securities have the terms described in the accompanying product supplement, index supplement and prospectus, as supplemented or modified by this document. The securities do not provide for the regular payment of interest and provide a minimum payment at maturity of only 20% of the stated principal amount. Instead, the securities will pay a contingent monthly coupon but only if the determination closing price of each of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF, which we refer to as the underlying shares, is at or above 80% of its respective initial share price, which we refer to as the coupon barrier level, on the related observation date. If, however, the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is less than its respective coupon barrier level on any observation date, we will pay no interest for the related monthly period. The securities will be automatically redeemed if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to its respective initial share price on any quarterly redemption determination date (beginning six months after the original issue date) for the early redemption payment equal to the sum of the stated principal amount plus the related contingent monthly coupon. No further payments will be made on the securities once they have been redeemed. At maturity, if the securities have not previously been redeemed and the final share price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that neither of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, the payment at maturity will be the stated principal amount and the related contingent monthly coupon. However, if the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that either of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, investors will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. Accordingly, investors in the securities must be willing to accept the risk of losing up to 80% of their initial investment and also the risk of not receiving any contingent monthly coupons throughout the 2.75-year term of the securities. The securities are for investors who are willing to risk their principal and seek an opportunity to earn interest at a potentially above-market rate in exchange for the risk of receiving no monthly interest over the entire 2.75-year term and in exchange for the possibility of an automatic early redemption prior to maturity, with no possibility of being called out of the securities until after the initial 6-month non-call period. Because the payment of contingent monthly coupons is based on the worst performing of the underlying shares, the fact that the securities are linked to two underlying shares does not provide any asset diversification benefits and instead means that a decline in the price of either of the underlying shares below the relevant coupon barrier level will result in no contingent monthly coupons, even if the other underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level. Because all payments on the securities are based on the worst performing of the underlying shares, a decline of either of the underlying shares by an amount greater than the buffer amount as of the final observation date will result in a loss of your investment, even if the other underlying shares has appreciated or has not declined as much. Investors will not participate in any appreciation of either of the underlying shares. The securities are notes issued as part of MSFL’s Series A Global Medium-Term Notes program.

All payments are subject to our credit risk. If we default on our obligations, you could lose some or all of your investment. These securities are not secured obligations and you will not have any security interest in, or otherwise have any access to, any underlying reference asset or assets.

SUMMARY TERMS

Issuer:

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Guarantor:

Morgan Stanley

Underlying shares:

Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund (the “XLE Shares”) and VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF (the “OIH Shares”)

Aggregate principal amount:

$

Stated principal amount:

$1,000 per security

Issue price:

$1,000 per security

Pricing date:

October 26, 2022

Original issue date:

October 31, 2022 (3 business days after the pricing date)

Maturity date:

July 31, 2025

Early redemption:

The securities are not subject to early redemption until six months after the original issue date. Following this 6-month non-call period, if, on any redemption determination date, beginning on April 26, 2023, the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to its respective initial share price, the securities will be automatically redeemed for an early redemption payment on the related early redemption date. No further payments will be made on the securities once they have been redeemed.

The securities will not be redeemed early on any early redemption date if the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is below its respective initial share price on the related redemption determination date.

Early redemption payment:

The early redemption payment will be an amount equal to (i) the stated principal amount for each security you hold plus (ii) the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the related observation date.

Determination closing price:

With respect to each of the underlying shares, the closing price of such underlying shares on any redemption determination date or observation date (other than the final observation date), times the adjustment factor on such redemption determination date or observation date, as applicable

Redemption determination dates:

Starting after six months, quarterly, on April 26, 2023, July 26, 2023, October 26, 2023, January 26, 2024, April 26, 2024, July 26, 2024, October 28, 2024, January 27, 2025 and April 28, 2025, subject to postponement for non-trading days and certain market disruption events.

Early redemption dates:

Starting after six months, quarterly, on May 1, 2023, July 31, 2023, October 31, 2023, January 31, 2024, May 1, 2024, July 31, 2024, October 31, 2024, January 30, 2025 and May 1, 2025. If any such day is not a business day, that early redemption payment, if payable, will be made on the next succeeding business day and no adjustment will be made to any early redemption payment made on that succeeding business day.

Contingent monthly coupon:

A contingent monthly coupon at an annual rate of 15.00% to 17.00% (corresponding to approximately $12.50 to $14.167 per month per security, to be determined on the pricing date) will be paid on the securities on each coupon payment date but only if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date.

If, on any observation date, the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is less than its respective coupon barrier level, no contingent monthly coupon will be paid with respect to that observation date. It is possible that one or both of the underlying shares will remain below their respective coupon barrier levels for extended periods of time or even throughout the entire 2.75-year term of the securities so that you will receive few or no contingent monthly coupons.

Coupon barrier level:

With respect to the XLE Shares, $ , which is equal to 80% of its initial share price

With respect to the OIH Shares, $ , which is equal to 80% of its initial share price

Buffer amount:

With respect to each of the underlying shares, 20%. As a result of the buffer amount of 20%, the price at or above which each of the underlying shares must close on the final observation date so that investors do not suffer a loss on their initial investment in the securities is as follows:

With respect to the XLE Shares, $ , which is equal to 80% of its initial share price

With respect to the OIH Shares, $ , which is equal to 80% of its initial share price

Payment at maturity:

If the securities are not redeemed prior to maturity, investors will receive a payment at maturity determined as follows:

If the final share price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that neither of the underlying shares has decreased by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20% from its respective initial share price: the stated principal amount and the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the final observation date

If the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that either of the underlying shares has decreased by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20% from its respective initial share price:

$1,000 + [$1,000 × (share percent change of the worst performing underlying shares + 20%)]

Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount of $1,000. However, under no circumstances will the securities pay less than the minimum payment at maturity of $200 per security.

 

Terms continued on the following page

Agent:

Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC (“MS & Co.”), an affiliate of MSFL and a wholly owned subsidiary of Morgan Stanley. See “Supplemental information regarding plan of distribution; conflicts of interest.”

Estimated value on the pricing date:

Approximately $920.10 per security, or within $35.00 of that estimate. See “Investment Summary” beginning on page 3.

Commissions and issue price:

Price to public

Agent’s commissions(1)

Proceeds to us(2)

Per security

$1,000

$

$

Total

$

$

$

(1)Selected dealers and their financial advisors will collectively receive from the agent, Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, a fixed sales commission of $ for each security they sell. See “Supplemental information regarding plan of distribution; conflicts of interest.” For additional information, see “Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” in the accompanying product supplement.

(2)See “Use of proceeds and hedging” on page 28.

The securities involve risks not associated with an investment in ordinary debt securities. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 10.

The Securities and Exchange Commission and state securities regulators have not approved or disapproved these securities, or determined if this document or the accompanying product supplement, index supplement and prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The securities are not deposits or savings accounts and are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency or instrumentality, nor are they obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank.

You should read this document together with the related product supplement, index supplement and prospectus, each of which can be accessed via the hyperlinks below. Please also see “Additional Terms of the Securities” and “Additional Information About the Securities” at the end of this document.

As used in this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Morgan Stanley or MSFL, or Morgan Stanley and MSFL collectively, as the context requires.

Product Supplement for Auto-Callable Securities dated November 16, 2020  Index Supplement dated November 16, 2020

Prospectus dated November 16, 2020

 

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Terms continued from previous page:

Initial share price:

With respect to the XLE Shares, $ , which is its closing price on the pricing date

With respect to the OIH Shares, $ , which is its closing price on the pricing date

Coupon payment dates:

Monthly, as set forth under “Observation Dates and Coupon Payment Dates” below. If any such day is not a business day, that coupon payment will be made on the next succeeding business day and no adjustment will be made to any coupon payment made on that succeeding business day; provided that the contingent monthly coupon, if any, with respect to the final observation date will be paid on the maturity date.

Observation dates:

Monthly, as set forth under “Observation Dates and Coupon Payment Dates” below, subject to postponement for non-trading days and certain market disruption events. We also refer to July 28, 2025, which is the third scheduled business day preceding the scheduled maturity date, as the final observation date.

Final share price:

With respect to each of the underlying shares, the closing price of such underlying shares on the final observation date times the adjustment factor on such date

Minimum payment at maturity:

$200 per security (20% of the stated principal amount)

Adjustment factor:

With respect to each of the underlying shares, 1.0, subject to adjustment in the event of certain events affecting such underlying shares

Worst performing underlying shares:

The underlying shares with the larger percentage decrease from the respective initial share price to the respective final share price

Share percent change:

With respect to each of the underlying shares: (final share price – initial share price) / initial share price

CUSIP / ISIN:

61774HKE7 / US61774HKE70

Listing:

The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange.

 

 

Observation Dates and Coupon Payment Dates

Observation Dates

Coupon Payment Dates

November 28, 2022

December 1, 2022

December 27, 2022

December 30, 2022

January 26, 2023

January 31, 2023

February 27, 2023

March 2, 2023

March 27, 2023

March 30, 2023

April 26, 2023

May 1, 2023

May 26, 2023

June 1, 2023

June 26, 2023

June 29, 2023

July 26, 2023

July 31, 2023

August 28, 2023

August 31, 2023

September 26, 2023

September 29, 2023

October 26, 2023

October 31, 2023

November 27, 2023

November 30, 2023

December 26, 2023

December 29, 2023

January 26, 2024

January 31, 2024

February 26, 2024

February 29, 2024

March 26, 2024

March 29, 2024

April 26, 2024

May 1, 2024

May 28, 2024

May 31, 2024

June 26, 2024

July 1, 2024

July 26, 2024

July 31, 2024

August 26, 2024

August 29, 2024

September 26, 2024

October 1, 2024

October 28, 2024

October 31, 2024

November 26, 2024

December 2, 2024

December 26, 2024

December 31, 2024

January 27, 2025

January 30, 2025

February 26, 2025

March 3, 2025

March 26, 2025

March 31, 2025

April 28, 2025

May 1, 2025

May 27, 2025

May 30, 2025

June 26, 2025

July 1, 2025

July 28, 2025 (final observation date)

July 31, 2025 (maturity date)

October 2022 Page 2

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Investment Summary

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities

Principal at Risk Securities

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF (the “securities”) do not provide for the regular payment of interest. Instead, the securities will pay a contingent monthly coupon but only if the determination closing price of each of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF, which we refer to as the underlying shares, is at or above 80% of its respective initial share price, which we refer to as the coupon barrier level, on the related observation date. If, however, the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is less than its respective coupon barrier level on any observation date, we will pay no interest for the related monthly period. The securities will be automatically redeemed if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to its respective initial share price on any quarterly redemption determination date (beginning after six months) for the early redemption payment equal to the sum of the stated principal amount plus the related contingent monthly coupon. No further payments will be made on the securities once they have been redeemed. At maturity, if the securities have not previously been redeemed and the final share price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that neither of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, the payment at maturity will be the stated principal amount and the related contingent monthly coupon. However, if the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that either of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, investors will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. Accordingly, investors in the securities must be willing to accept the risk of losing up to 80% of their initial investment and also the risk of not receiving any contingent monthly coupons throughout the 2.75-year term of the securities. Investors will not participate in any appreciation in the price of either of the underlying shares.

Maturity:

2.75 years

Contingent monthly coupon:

A contingent monthly coupon at an annual rate of 15.00% to 17.00% (corresponding to approximately $12.50 to $14.167 per month per security, to be determined on the pricing date) will be paid on the securities on each coupon payment date but only if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date.

If on any observation date, the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is less than its respective coupon barrier level, we will pay no coupon for the applicable monthly period.

Automatic early redemption quarterly (beginning after six months):

If the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to its respective initial share price on any quarterly redemption determination date, beginning on April 26, 2023 (approximately six months after the original issue date), the securities will be automatically redeemed for an early redemption payment equal to the stated principal amount plus the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the related observation date. No further payments will be made on the securities once they have been redeemed.

Payment at maturity:

If the securities have not previously been redeemed and the final share price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that neither of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, the payment at maturity will be the stated principal amount and the related contingent monthly coupon.

If the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that either of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, investors will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount of the securities. However, under no

October 2022 Page 3

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

circumstances will the securities pay less than the minimum payment at maturity of $200 per security. No monthly coupon will be payable at maturity.

Accordingly, investors in the securities must be willing to accept the risk of losing up to 80% of their initial investment.

October 2022 Page 4

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

The original issue price of each security is $1,000. This price includes costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the securities, which are borne by you, and, consequently, the estimated value of the securities on the pricing date will be less than $1,000. We estimate that the value of each security on the pricing date will be approximately $920.10, or within $35.00 of that estimate. Our estimate of the value of the securities as determined on the pricing date will be set forth in the final pricing supplement.

What goes into the estimated value on the pricing date?

In valuing the securities on the pricing date, we take into account that the securities comprise both a debt component and a performance-based component linked to the underlying shares. The estimated value of the securities is determined using our own pricing and valuation models, market inputs and assumptions relating to the underlying shares, instruments based on the underlying shares, volatility and other factors including current and expected interest rates, as well as an interest rate related to our secondary market credit spread, which is the implied interest rate at which our conventional fixed rate debt trades in the secondary market.

What determines the economic terms of the securities?

In determining the economic terms of the securities, including the contingent monthly coupon rate, the coupon barrier levels and the buffer amount, we use an internal funding rate, which is likely to be lower than our secondary market credit spreads and therefore advantageous to us. If the issuing, selling, structuring and hedging costs borne by you were lower or if the internal funding rate were higher, one or more terms of the securities would be more favorable to you.

What is the relationship between the estimated value on the pricing date and the secondary market price of the securities?

The price at which MS & Co. purchases the securities in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the underlying shares, may vary from, and be lower than, the estimated value on the pricing date, because the secondary market price takes into account our secondary market credit spread as well as the bid-offer spread that MS & Co. would charge in a secondary market transaction of this type and other factors. However, because the costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the securities are not fully deducted upon issuance, for a period of up to 6 months following the issue date, to the extent that MS & Co. may buy or sell the securities in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the underlying shares, and to our secondary market credit spreads, it would do so based on values higher than the estimated value. We expect that those higher values will also be reflected in your brokerage account statements.

MS & Co. may, but is not obligated to, make a market in the securities and, if it once chooses to make a market, may cease doing so at any time.

October 2022 Page 5

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Key Investment Rationale

The securities do not provide for the regular payment of interest. Instead, the securities will pay a contingent monthly coupon but only if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date. The securities have been designed for investors who are willing to forgo market floating interest rates and risk the loss of principal and accept the risk of receiving few or no coupon payments for the entire 2.75-year term of the securities in exchange for an opportunity to earn interest at a potentially above-market rate if both of the underlying shares close at or above their respective coupon barrier levels on each monthly observation date, unless the securities are redeemed early. The following scenarios are for illustration purposes only to demonstrate how the coupon and the payment at maturity (if the securities have not previously been redeemed) are calculated, and do not attempt to demonstrate every situation that may occur. Accordingly, the securities may or may not be redeemed, the contingent monthly coupon may be payable in none of, or some but not all of, the monthly periods during the 2.75-year term of the securities, and the payment at maturity may be up to 80% less than the stated principal amount of the securities.

Scenario 1: The securities are redeemed prior to maturity

This scenario assumes that, prior to early redemption, each of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level on some monthly observation dates, but one or both of the underlying shares close below the coupon barrier level(s) on the others. Investors receive the contingent monthly coupon for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date, but not for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on the related observation date.

Starting after six months, when each of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective initial share price on a quarterly redemption determination date, the securities will be automatically redeemed for the stated principal amount plus the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the related observation date.

Scenario 2: The securities are not redeemed prior to maturity, and investors receive principal back at maturity

This scenario assumes that each of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level on some monthly observation dates, but one or both of the underlying shares close below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on the others, and at least one of the underlying shares closes below its initial share price on every quarterly redemption determination date. Consequently, the securities are not redeemed early, and investors receive the contingent monthly coupon for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date, but not for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of one or both of the underlying shares is below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on the related observation date. On the final observation date, each of the underlying shares closes at or above 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that neither of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%. At maturity, investors will receive the stated principal amount and the related contingent monthly coupon.

October 2022 Page 6

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Scenario 3: The securities are not redeemed prior to maturity, and investors suffer a loss of principal at maturity

This scenario assumes that each of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level on some monthly observation dates, but one or both of the underlying shares close below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on the others, and at least one of the underlying shares closes below its initial share price on every quarterly redemption determination date. Consequently, the securities are not redeemed early, and investors receive the contingent monthly coupon for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date, but not for the monthly periods for which the determination closing price of one or both of the underlying shares is below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on the related observation date. On the final observation date, at least one of the underlying shares closes below 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that such underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%. At maturity, investors will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. Under these circumstances, the payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount. Investors may lose up to 80% of their investment in the securities. No coupon will be paid at maturity in this scenario.

 

October 2022 Page 7

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Hypothetical Examples

The following hypothetical examples illustrate how to determine whether a contingent monthly coupon is paid with respect to an observation date and how to calculate the payment at maturity, assuming the securities are not redeemed prior to maturity. The following examples are for illustrative purposes only. Whether you receive a contingent monthly coupon will be determined by reference to the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares on each monthly observation date, and the amount you will receive at maturity will be determined by reference to the final share price of each of the underlying shares on the final observation date. The actual initial share price and coupon barrier level for each of the underlying shares will be determined on the pricing date. All payments on the securities are subject to our credit risk. The below examples are based on the following terms:

Hypothetical Contingent Monthly Coupon:

15.00% per annum (corresponding to approximately $12.50 per month per security)1

With respect to each coupon payment date, a contingent monthly coupon is paid but only if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date.

Payment at Maturity (if the securities are not redeemed prior to maturity):

If the final share price of each of the underlying shares is greater than or equal to 80% of its respective initial share price: the stated principal amount and the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the final observation date.

 

If the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price:

$1,000 + [$1,000 × (share percent change of the worst performing underlying shares + 20%)]

Stated Principal Amount:

$1,000

Minimum Payment at Maturity:

$200 per security

Hypothetical Initial Share Price:

With respect to the XLE Shares: $50.00

With respect to the OIH Shares: $220.00

Hypothetical Coupon Barrier Level:

With respect to the XLE Shares: $40.00, which is 80% of its hypothetical initial share price

With respect to the OIH Shares: $176.00, which is 80% of its hypothetical initial share price

Buffer Amount:

With respect to each of the underlying shares: 20%

1 The actual contingent monthly coupon will be an amount determined by the calculation agent based on the actual contingent monthly coupon rate and the number of days in the applicable payment period, calculated on a 30/360 day-count basis. The hypothetical contingent monthly coupon of $12.50 is used in these examples for ease of analysis.

How to determine whether a contingent monthly coupon is payable with respect to an observation date:

 

Determination Closing Price

Hypothetical Contingent Monthly Coupon

 

XLE Shares

OIH Shares

Hypothetical Observation Date 1

$45.00 (at or above its coupon barrier level)

$209.00 (at or above its coupon barrier level)

$12.50

Hypothetical Observation Date 2

$47.50 (at or above its coupon barrier level)

$132.00 (below its coupon barrier level)

$0

Hypothetical Observation Date 3

$20.00 (below its coupon barrier level)

$209.00 (at or above its coupon barrier level)

$0

Hypothetical Observation Date 4

$18.00 (below its coupon barrier level)

$110.00 (below its coupon barrier level)

$0

On hypothetical observation date 1, each of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level. Therefore, a contingent monthly coupon of $12.50 is paid on the relevant coupon payment date.

On each of hypothetical observation dates 2 and 3, one of the underlying shares closes at or above its respective coupon barrier level but the other underlying shares closes below its respective coupon barrier level. Therefore, no contingent monthly coupon is paid on the relevant coupon payment date.

On hypothetical observation date 4, each of the underlying shares closes below its respective coupon barrier level and accordingly no contingent monthly coupon is paid on the relevant coupon payment date.

You will not receive a contingent monthly coupon on any coupon payment date if the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is below its respective coupon barrier level on the related observation date.

October 2022 Page 8

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

How to calculate the payment at maturity:

In the following examples, one or both of the underlying shares close below the respective initial share price(s) on each redemption determination date, and, consequently, the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to, and remain outstanding until, maturity.

 

Final Share Price

Payment at Maturity

 

XLE Shares

OIH Shares

Example 1:

$55.00 (at or above 80% of initial share price)

$297.00 (at or above 80% of initial share price)

$1,012.50 (the stated principal amount and the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the final observation date)

Example 2:

$38.50 (below 80% of initial share price)

$352.00 (at or above 80% of initial share price)

$1,000 + [$1,000 × (share percent change of the worst performing underlying shares + 20%)]
= $1,000 + [$1,000 × (-23% + 20%)]
= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -3%) = $970

Example 3:

$37.50 (below 80% of initial share price)

$33.00 (below 80% of initial share price)

$1,000 + [$1,000 × (share percent change of the worst performing underlying shares + 20%)]
= $1,000 + [$1,000 × (-85% + 20%)]
= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -65%) = $350

In example 1, the final share prices of each of the underlying shares is at or above 80% of its initial share price. Therefore, investors receive at maturity the stated principal amount of the securities and the contingent monthly coupon with respect to the final observation date. However, investors do not participate in any appreciation of either of the underlying shares.

In example 2, the final share price of one of the underlying shares is at or above 80% of its initial share price, but the final share price of the other underlying shares is below 80% of its initial share price. Therefore, investors are exposed to the downside performance of the XLE Shares, which are the worst performing underlying shares in this example, and investors lose 1% of principal for every 1% decline in the final share price of the XLE Shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. Investors do not receive the contingent monthly coupon for the final observation date.

In example 3, the final share prices of both of the underlying shares are below 80% of their initial share prices. Therefore, investors are exposed to the downside performance of the OIH Shares, which are the worst performing underlying shares in this example, and investors lose 1% of principal for every 1% decline in the final share price of the OIH Shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. The payment at maturity in this example is equal to $350 per security. Investors do not receive the contingent monthly coupon for the final observation date.

If the final share price of EITHER of the underlying shares is below 80% of its initial share price, you will be exposed to the downside performance of the worst performing underlying shares at maturity, and your payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount per security. Under these circumstances, you will lose some, and up to 80%, of your investment in the securities.

 

October 2022 Page 9

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Risk Factors

This section describes the material risks relating to the securities. For further discussion of these and other risks, you should read the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the accompanying product supplement, index supplement and prospectus. We also urge you to consult with your investment, legal, tax, accounting and other advisers in connection with your investment in the securities.

Risks Relating to an Investment in the Securities

The securities provide a minimum payment at maturity of only 20% of your principal. The terms of the securities differ from those of ordinary debt securities in that they provide a minimum payment at maturity of only 20% of the stated principal amount at maturity. If the securities have not been automatically redeemed prior to maturity and if the final share price of either of the underlying shares is less than 80% of its respective initial share price, meaning that either of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, you will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%. In this case, the payment at maturity will be less than the stated principal amount. You could lose up to 80% of your investment in the securities.

The securities do not provide for the regular payment of interest and may pay no interest over the entire term of the securities. The terms of the securities differ from those of ordinary debt securities in that they do not provide for the regular payment of interest. Instead, the securities will pay a contingent monthly coupon but only if the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares is at or above 80% of its respective initial share price, which we refer to as the coupon barrier level, on the related observation date. If, on the other hand, the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares is lower than its respective coupon barrier level on the relevant observation date for any interest period, we will pay no coupon on the applicable coupon payment date. It is possible that the determination closing price of one or both of the underlying shares could remain below the respective coupon barrier level(s) for extended periods of time or even throughout the entire 2.75-year term of the securities so that you will receive few or no contingent monthly coupons. If you do not earn sufficient contingent monthly coupons over the term of the securities, the overall return on the securities may be less than the amount that would be paid on a conventional debt security of ours of comparable maturity.

The contingent monthly coupon, if any, is based only on the determination closing prices of the underlying shares on the related monthly observation date at the end of the related interest period. Whether the contingent monthly coupon will be paid on any coupon payment date will be determined at the end of the relevant interest period based on the determination closing price of each of the underlying shares on the relevant monthly observation date. As a result, you will not know whether you will receive the contingent monthly coupon on any coupon payment date until near the end of the relevant interest period. Moreover, because the contingent monthly coupon is based solely on the price of each of the underlying shares on monthly observation dates, if the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares on any observation date is below its respective coupon barrier level, you will receive no coupon for the related interest period even if the price(s) of one or both of the underlying shares were higher on other days during that interest period.

Investors will not participate in any appreciation in the price of either of the underlying shares. Investors will not participate in any appreciation in the price of the underlying shares from their initial share prices, and the return on the securities will be limited to the contingent monthly coupon that is paid with respect to each observation date on which each determination closing price is greater than or equal to its respective coupon barrier level, if any.

The market price will be influenced by many unpredictable factors. Several factors, many of which are beyond our control, will influence the value of the securities in the secondary market and the price at which MS & Co. may be willing to purchase or sell the securities in the secondary market. We expect that generally the level of interest rates available in the market and the prices of the underlying shares on any day, including in relation to the respective coupon barrier levels, will affect the value of the securities more than any other factors. Other factors that may influence the value of the securities include:

othe trading price and volatility (frequency and magnitude of changes in value) of the underlying shares and the stocks constituting their respective share underlying indices,

owhether the determination closing price of either of the underlying shares has been below its respective coupon barrier level on any observation date,

odividend rates on the stocks constituting the share underlying indices,

October 2022 Page 10

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

ogeopolitical conditions and economic, financial, political, regulatory or judicial events that affect the underlying shares or equity markets generally and which may affect the prices of the underlying shares,

othe time remaining until the securities mature,

ointerest and yield rates in the market,

othe availability of comparable instruments,

othe occurrence of certain events affecting the underlying shares that may or may not require an adjustment to the adjustment factor,

othe composition of the underlying shares and changes in the constituents of the underlying shares, and

oany actual or anticipated changes in our credit ratings or credit spreads.

Generally, the longer the time remaining to maturity, the more the market price of the securities will be affected by the other factors described above. Some or all of these factors will influence the price that you will receive if you sell your securities prior to maturity. For example, you may have to sell your securities at a substantial discount from the stated principal amount of $1,000 per security if the price of either of the underlying shares at the time of sale is near or below its coupon barrier level or if market interest rates rise.

The price of any or both of the underlying shares may be, and have recently been, volatile, and we can give you no assurance that the volatility will lessen. The prices of one or both of the underlying shares may decrease and be below the respective coupon barrier level(s) on each observation date so that you will receive no return on your investment, and one or both of the underlying shares may decline by an amount greater than the buffer amount as of the final observation date so that you lose some or a significant portion of your initial investment in the securities. There can be no assurance that the closing price of each of the underlying shares will be at or above their respective coupon barrier level on any observation date so that you will receive a coupon payment on the securities for the applicable interest period, or that neither of the underlying shares will decline by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20% as of the final observation date so that you do not suffer a loss on your initial investment in the securities. See Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund Overview” and VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF Overview below.

The securities are subject to our credit risk, and any actual or anticipated changes to our credit ratings or credit spreads may adversely affect the market value of the securities. You are dependent on our ability to pay all amounts due on the securities on each coupon payment date, upon automatic redemption and at maturity and therefore you are subject to our credit risk. The securities are not guaranteed by any other entity. If we default on our obligations under the securities, your investment would be at risk and you could lose some or all of your investment. As a result, the market value of the securities prior to maturity will be affected by changes in the market’s view of our creditworthiness. Any actual or anticipated decline in our credit ratings or increase in the credit spreads charged by the market for taking our credit risk is likely to adversely affect the market value of the securities.

As a finance subsidiary, MSFL has no independent operations and will have no independent assets. As a finance subsidiary, MSFL has no independent operations beyond the issuance and administration of its securities and will have no independent assets available for distributions to holders of MSFL securities if they make claims in respect of such securities in a bankruptcy, resolution or similar proceeding. Accordingly, any recoveries by such holders will be limited to those available under the related guarantee by Morgan Stanley and that guarantee will rank pari passu with all other unsecured, unsubordinated obligations of Morgan Stanley. Holders will have recourse only to a single claim against Morgan Stanley and its assets under the guarantee. Holders of securities issued by MSFL should accordingly assume that in any such proceedings they would not have any priority over and should be treated pari passu with the claims of other unsecured, unsubordinated creditors of Morgan Stanley, including holders of Morgan Stanley-issued securities.

Reinvestment risk. The term of your investment in the securities may be shortened due to the automatic early redemption feature of the securities. If the securities are redeemed prior to maturity, you will receive no more contingent monthly coupons and may be forced to invest in a lower interest rate environment and may not be able to reinvest at comparable terms or returns. However, under no circumstances will the securities be redeemed in the first six months of the term of the securities.

The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and secondary trading may be limited, and accordingly, you should be willing to hold your securities for the entire 2.75-year term of the securities. The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange. Therefore, there may be little or no secondary market for the

October 2022 Page 11

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

securities. MS & Co. may, but is not obligated to, make a market in the securities and, if it once chooses to make a market, may cease doing so at any time. When it does make a market, it will generally do so for transactions of routine secondary market size at prices based on its estimate of the current value of the securities, taking into account its bid/offer spread, our credit spreads, market volatility, the notional size of the proposed sale, the cost of unwinding any related hedging positions, the time remaining to maturity and the likelihood that it will be able to resell the securities. Even if there is a secondary market, it may not provide enough liquidity to allow you to trade or sell the securities easily. Since other broker-dealers may not participate significantly in the secondary market for the securities, the price at which you may be able to trade your securities is likely to depend on the price, if any, at which MS & Co. is willing to transact. If, at any time, MS & Co. were to cease making a market in the securities, it is likely that there would be no secondary market for the securities. Accordingly, you should be willing to hold your securities to maturity.

The rate we are willing to pay for securities of this type, maturity and issuance size is likely to be lower than the rate implied by our secondary market credit spreads and advantageous to us. Both the lower rate and the inclusion of costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the securities in the original issue price reduce the economic terms of the securities, cause the estimated value of the securities to be less than the original issue price and will adversely affect secondary market prices. Assuming no change in market conditions or any other relevant factors, the prices, if any, at which dealers, including MS & Co., may be willing to purchase the securities in secondary market transactions will likely be significantly lower than the original issue price, because secondary market prices will exclude the issuing, selling, structuring and hedging-related costs that are included in the original issue price and borne by you and because the secondary market prices will reflect our secondary market credit spreads and the bid-offer spread that any dealer would charge in a secondary market transaction of this type as well as other factors.

The inclusion of the costs of issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the securities in the original issue price and the lower rate we are willing to pay as issuer make the economic terms of the securities less favorable to you than they otherwise would be.

However, because the costs associated with issuing, selling, structuring and hedging the securities are not fully deducted upon issuance, for a period of up to 6 months following the issue date, to the extent that MS & Co. may buy or sell the securities in the secondary market, absent changes in market conditions, including those related to the underlying shares, and to our secondary market credit spreads, it would do so based on values higher than the estimated value, and we expect that those higher values will also be reflected in your brokerage account statements.

The estimated value of the securities is determined by reference to our pricing and valuation models, which may differ from those of other dealers, and is not a maximum or minimum secondary market price. These pricing and valuation models are proprietary and rely in part on subjective views of certain market inputs and certain assumptions about future events, which may prove to be incorrect. As a result, because there is no market-standard way to value these types of securities, our models may yield a higher estimated value of the securities than those generated by others, including other dealers in the market, if they attempted to value the securities. In addition, the estimated value on the pricing date does not represent a minimum or maximum price at which dealers, including MS & Co., would be willing to purchase your securities in the secondary market (if any exists) at any time. The value of your securities at any time after the date of this document will vary based on many factors that cannot be predicted with accuracy, including our creditworthiness and changes in market conditions. See also “The market price will be influenced by many unpredictable factors” above.

Investing in the securities is not equivalent to investing in the underlying shares or the stocks composing the share underlying indices. Investing in the securities is not equivalent to investing in the underlying shares, the share underlying indices or the stocks that constitute the share underlying indices. Investors in the securities will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to the underlying shares or the stocks that constitute the share underlying indices.

Hedging and trading activity by our affiliates could potentially affect the value of the securities. One or more of our affiliates and/or third-party dealers expect to carry out hedging activities related to the securities (and to other instruments linked to the underlying shares and the share underlying indices), including trading in the underlying shares. As a result, these entities may be unwinding or adjusting hedge positions during the term of the securities, and the hedging strategy may involve greater and more frequent dynamic adjustments to the hedge as the final observation date approaches. Some of our affiliates also trade the underlying shares and other financial instruments related to the underlying shares and the share underlying indices on a regular basis as part of their general broker-dealer and other businesses. Any of these hedging or trading activities on or prior to the pricing date could potentially affect the initial share price of either of the

October 2022 Page 12

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

underlying shares and, therefore, could increase (i) the value at or above which such underlying shares must close on the redemption determination dates so that the securities are redeemed prior to maturity for the early redemption payment (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares), (ii) the coupon barrier level for such underlying shares, which is the value at or above which the underlying shares must close on the observation dates so that you receive a contingent monthly coupon on the securities (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares), and (iii) the value at or above which such underlying shares must close on the final observation date so that you are not exposed to the negative performance of the worst performing underlying shares at maturity (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares). Additionally, such hedging or trading activities during the term of the securities could potentially affect the value of either of the underlying shares on the redemption determination dates and the observation dates and, accordingly, whether we redeem the securities prior to maturity, whether we pay a contingent monthly coupon on the securities and the amount of cash you will receive at maturity.

The calculation agent, which is a subsidiary of Morgan Stanley and an affiliate of MSFL, will make determinations with respect to the securities. As calculation agent, MS & Co. will determine the initial share prices, the coupon barrier levels, the final share prices, the payment at maturity, whether you receive a contingent monthly coupon on each coupon payment date and/or at maturity, whether the securities will be redeemed on any early redemption date, whether a market disruption event has occurred and whether to make any adjustments to the adjustment factors. Moreover, certain determinations made by MS & Co., in its capacity as calculation agent, may require it to exercise discretion and make subjective judgments, such as with respect to the occurrence or non-occurrence of market disruption events or calculation of the determination closing price in the event of a market disruption event. These potentially subjective determinations may affect the payout to you upon an automatic early redemption or at maturity. For further information regarding these types of determinations, see “Description of Auto-Callable Securities—Auto-Callable Securities Linked to Underlying Shares” and “—Calculation Agent and Calculations” in the accompanying product supplement. In addition, MS & Co. has determined the estimated value of the securities on the pricing date.

The U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the securities are uncertain. There is no direct legal authority as to the proper treatment of the securities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and, therefore, significant aspects of the tax treatment of the securities are uncertain.

Please read the discussion under “Additional Information—Tax considerations” in this document concerning the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the securities. We intend to treat a security for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a single financial contract that provides for a coupon that will be treated as gross income to you at the time received or accrued, in accordance with your regular method of tax accounting. Under this treatment, the ordinary income treatment of the coupon payments, in conjunction with the capital loss treatment of any loss recognized upon the sale, exchange or settlement of the securities, could result in adverse tax consequences to holders of the securities because the deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations. We do not plan to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) regarding the tax treatment of the securities, and the IRS or a court may not agree with the tax treatment described herein. If the IRS were successful in asserting an alternative treatment for the securities, the timing and character of income or loss on the securities might differ significantly from the tax treatment described herein. For example, under one possible treatment, the IRS could seek to recharacterize the securities as debt instruments. In that event, U.S. Holders (as defined below) would be required to accrue into income original issue discount on the securities every year at a “comparable yield” determined at the time of issuance (as adjusted based on the difference, if any, between the actual and the projected amount of any contingent payments on the securities) and recognize all income and gain in respect of the securities as ordinary income. The risk that financial instruments providing for buffers, triggers or similar downside protection features, such as the securities, would be recharacterized as debt is greater than the risk of recharacterization for comparable financial instruments that do not have such features.

Non-U.S. Holders (as defined below) should note that we currently intend to withhold on any coupon paid to Non-U.S. Holders generally at a rate of 30%, or at a reduced rate specified by an applicable income tax treaty under an “other income” or similar provision, and will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld.

In 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS released a notice requesting comments on the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar instruments. While it is not clear whether the securities would be viewed as similar to the prepaid forward contracts described in the notice, it is possible that any Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the securities, possibly with retroactive effect. The notice focuses on a number of issues, the most relevant of which for holders of the securities are the character and timing of income or loss and the degree, if any, to

October 2022 Page 13

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

which income realized by non-U.S. investors should be subject to withholding tax. Both U.S. and Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the securities, including possible alternative treatments, the issues presented by this notice and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

Risks Relating to the Underlying Shares

You are exposed to the price risk of each of the underlying shares, with respect to both the contingent monthly coupons, if any, and the payment at maturity. Your return on the securities is not linked to a basket consisting of each of the underlying shares. Rather, it will be contingent upon the independent performance of each of the underlying shares. Unlike an instrument with a return linked to a basket of underlying assets, in which risk is mitigated and diversified among all the components of the basket, you will be exposed to the risks related to each of the underlying shares. Poor performance by either of the underlying shares over the term of the securities may negatively affect your return and will not be offset or mitigated by any positive performance by the other underlying shares. To receive any contingent monthly coupons, each of the underlying shares must close at or above its respective coupon barrier level on the applicable observation date. In addition, if either of the underlying shares has declined to below 80% of its respective initial share price as of the final observation date, meaning that either of the underlying shares has declined by an amount greater than the buffer amount of 20%, you will lose 1% for every 1% decline in the final share price of the worst performing underlying shares from its initial share price beyond the buffer amount of 20%, even if the other underlying shares has appreciated or has not declined as much. Under this scenario, the value of any such payment will be less than the stated principal amount. Accordingly, your investment is subject to the price risk of each of the underlying shares.

Investing in the securities exposes investors to risks associated with investments with a concentration in the energy sector. The stocks included in the Energy Select Sector Index and that are generally tracked by the XLE Shares are stocks of companies whose primary business is directly associated with the energy sector, including the following sub-sectors: (i) oil, gas and consumable fuels and (ii) energy equipment and services. Because the value of the securities is linked to the performance of the XLE Shares, an investment in the securities exposes investors to risks associated with investments in securities with a concentration in the energy sector.

Energy companies develop and produce crude oil and natural gas and/or provide drilling and other energy resources production and distribution related services. Stock prices for these types of companies are mainly affected by the business, financial and operating condition of the particular company, as well as changes in prices for oil, gas and other types of fuels, which in turn largely depend on supply and demand for various energy products and services. Some of the factors that may influence supply and demand for energy products and services include: general economic conditions and growth rates, weather conditions, the cost of exploring for, producing and delivering oil and gas, technological advances affecting energy efficiency and energy consumption, the ability of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to set and maintain production levels of oil, currency fluctuations, inflation, natural disasters, civil unrest, acts of sabotage or terrorism and other regional or global events. The profitability of energy companies may also be adversely affected by existing and future laws, regulations, government actions and other legal requirements relating to protection of the environment, health and safety matters and others that may increase the costs of conducting their business or may reduce or delay available business opportunities. Increased supply or weak demand for energy products and services, as well as various developments leading to higher costs of doing business or missed business opportunities, would adversely impact the performance of companies in the energy sector. The value of the securities may be subject to greater volatility and be more adversely affected by a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence affecting the energy sector or one of the sub-sectors of the energy sector than a different investment linked to securities of a more broadly diversified group of issuers.

Investing in the securities exposes investors to risks associated with investments in securities with a concentration in the oil services industry.  All or substantially all of the equity securities held by the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF are issued by companies whose primary line of business is directly associated with the oil services sector. As a result, the value of the securities may be subject to greater volatility and be more adversely affected by a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence affecting this sector than a different investment linked to securities of a more broadly diversified group of issuers. The profitability of oil services companies is related to worldwide energy prices, including all sources of energy and exploration and production spending. The price of energy, the earnings of oil services companies and the value of these companies’ securities are subject to significant volatility. Oil services companies are also subject to risks of changes in exchange rates and the price of oil and gas, changes in prices for competitive energy services, changes in the global supply of and demand for oil and gas, government regulation, the imposition of import controls, world events, negative perception, depletion of resources and general economic conditions, development

October 2022 Page 14

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

of alternative energy sources, energy conservation efforts, technological developments and labor relations, as well as market, economic, social and political risks of the countries where oil services companies are located or do business. Oil services companies operate in a highly competitive and cyclical industry, with intense price competition.

Oil services companies are exposed to significant and numerous operating hazards. Oil services companies can be significantly affected by natural disasters and adverse weather conditions in the regions in which they operate. The revenues of oil services companies may be negatively affected by contract termination and renegotiation. Oil services companies are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, extensive federal, state, local and foreign laws, rules and regulations. Oil services companies may also be adversely affected by environmental damage claims and other types of litigation. Changes to environmental protection laws, including the implementation of policies with less stringent environmental protection standards and those geared away from sustainable energy development, could lead to fluctuations in supply, demand and prices of oil and gas. The international operations of oil services companies expose them to risks associated with instability and changes in economic and political conditions, social unrest and acts of war, foreign currency fluctuations, changes in foreign regulations and other risks inherent to international business. Additionally, changes to U.S. trading policies could cause friction with certain oil producing countries and between the governments of the United States and other major exporters of oil to the United States. Some oil services companies are engaged in other lines of business unrelated to oil services, and they may experience problems with these lines of business, which could adversely affect their operating results. The operating results of these companies may fluctuate as a result of these additional risks and events in the other lines of business. In addition, a company’s ability to engage in new activities may expose it to business risks with which it has less experience than it has with the business risks associated with its traditional businesses. Despite a company’s possible success in traditional oil services activities, there can be no assurance that the other lines of business in which these companies are engaged will not have an adverse effect on a company’s business or financial condition.

These factors could affect the oil services sector and could affect the value of the securities held by the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF and the price of the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF during the term of the securities, which may adversely affect the value of your securities.

The antidilution adjustments the calculation agent is required to make do not cover every event that could affect the underlying shares. MS & Co., as calculation agent, will adjust the adjustment factors for certain events affecting the underlying shares. However, the calculation agent will not make an adjustment for every event that can affect the underlying shares. If an event occurs that does not require the calculation agent to adjust an adjustment factor, the market price of the securities may be materially and adversely affected.

Adjustments to the underlying shares or the indices tracked by the underlying shares could adversely affect the value of the securities. The investment advisor to each of the underlying shares (SSGA Funds Management, Inc. for the XLE Shares and Van Eck Associates Corporation for the OIH Shares) seeks investment results that correspond generally to the price and yield performance, before fees and expenses, of the relevant share underlying index. Pursuant to its investment strategy or otherwise, the investment advisor may add, delete or substitute the securities composing the respective underlying shares. Any of these actions could adversely affect the price of the respective underlying shares and, consequently, the value of the securities. The publishers of the share underlying indices are responsible for calculating and maintaining the share underlying indices. They may add, delete or substitute the securities constituting the share underlying indices or make other methodological changes that could change the value of the share underlying indices, and, consequently, the price of the underlying shares and the value of the securities. The publishers of the share underlying indices may discontinue or suspend calculation or publication of a share underlying index at any time. In these circumstances, the calculation agent will have the sole discretion to substitute a successor index that is comparable to the discontinued share underlying index and will be permitted to consider indices that are calculated and published by the calculation agent or any of its affiliates.

The performance and market price of either of the underlying shares, particularly during periods of market volatility, may not correlate with the performance of its respective share underlying index, the performance of the component securities of such share underlying index or the net asset value per share of such underlying shares. The underlying shares do not fully replicate their respective share underlying indices, and each may hold securities that are different than those included in its respective share underlying index. In addition, the performance of each of the underlying shares will reflect additional transaction costs and fees that are not included in the calculation of the share underlying indices. All of these factors may lead to a lack of correlation between the performance of each of the underlying shares and its respective share underlying index. In addition, corporate actions (such as mergers and spin-offs) with respect to the equity securities underlying each of the underlying shares may impact the variance between the

October 2022 Page 15

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

performance of each of the underlying shares and its respective share underlying index. Additionally, because the shares of each of the underlying shares are traded on an exchange and are subject to market supply and investor demand, the market price of one share of each of the underlying shares may differ from the net asset value per share of such underlying shares.

In particular, during periods of market volatility, or unusual trading activity, trading in the securities underlying each of the underlying shares may be disrupted or limited, or such securities may be unavailable in the secondary market. Under these circumstances, the liquidity of each underlying shares may be adversely affected, market participants may be unable to calculate accurately the net asset value per share of each of the underlying shares, and their ability to create and redeem shares of each of the underlying shares may be disrupted. Under these circumstances, the market price of shares of each of the underlying shares may vary substantially from the net asset value per share of each underlying share or the level of its respective share underlying index.

For all of the foregoing reasons, the performance of each of the underlying shares may not correlate with the performance of its respective share underlying index, the performance of the component securities of such share underlying index or the net asset value per share of such underlying shares. Any of these events could materially and adversely affect the prices of each of the underlying shares and, therefore, the value of the securities. Additionally, if market volatility or these events were to occur on the final observation date, the calculation agent would maintain discretion to determine whether such market volatility or events have caused a market disruption event to occur, and such determination would affect the payment at maturity of the securities. If the calculation agent determines that no market disruption event has taken place, the payment at maturity would be based solely on the published closing price per share of each of the underlying shares on the final observation date, even if either of the underlying shares is underperforming its respective share underlying index or the component securities of such share underlying index and/or trading below the net asset value per share of such underlying shares.

 

October 2022 Page 16

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund Overview

The Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund is an exchange-traded fund managed by the Select Sector SPDR® Trust (the “SPDR Trust”), a registered investment company. The Trust consists of numerous separate investment portfolios, including the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund. The Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund seeks investment results that correspond generally to the price and yield performance, before fees and expenses, of the Energy Select Sector Index. It is possible that this fund may not fully replicate the performance of the Energy Select Sector Index due to the temporary unavailability of certain securities in the secondary market or due to other extraordinary circumstances. Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) by the Trust pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933 and the Investment Company Act of 1940 can be located by reference to Commission file numbers 333-57791 and 811-08837, respectively, through the Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information may be obtained from other publicly available sources. Neither the issuer nor the agent makes any representation that any such publicly available information regarding the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund is accurate or complete.

 

Information as of market close on September 27, 2022:

Ticker Symbol:

XLE UP

Current Share Price:

$69.52

52 Weeks Ago:

$52.71

52 Week High (on 6/8/2022):

$92.28

52 Week Low (on 9/30/2021):

$52.09

The following graph sets forth the daily closing values of the XLE Shares for the period from January 1, 2017 through September 27, 2022. The related table sets forth the published high and low closing prices, as well as the end-of-quarter closing prices, of the XLE Shares for each quarter in the same period. The closing price of the XLE Shares on September 27, 2022 was $69.52. We obtained the information in the graph and table below from Bloomberg Financial Markets, without independent verification. The historical performance of the XLE Shares should not be taken as an indication of its future performance, and no assurance can be given as to the price of the XLE Shares at any time, including on the redemption determination dates or the observation dates.

Shares of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund – Daily Closing Prices
January 1, 2017 to September 27, 2022

 

 

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Principal at Risk Securities

 

Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund (CUSIP 81369Y506)

High ($)

Low ($)

Period End ($)

2017

 

 

 

First Quarter

76.17

68.24

69.90

Second Quarter

70.90

63.95

64.92

Third Quarter

68.49

62.00

68.48

Fourth Quarter

72.60

67.08

72.26

2018

 

 

 

First Quarter

78.03

66.02

67.41

Second Quarter

78.91

66.06

75.94

Third Quarter

77.37

71.91

75.74

Fourth Quarter

77.79

53.84

57.35

2019

 

 

 

First Quarter

67.29

57.90

66.12

Second Quarter

68.61

58.77

63.71

Third Quarter

64.44

55.85

59.20

Fourth Quarter

61.99

55.90

60.04

2020

 

 

 

First Quarter

60.87

23.57

29.06

Second Quarter

46.86

27.62

37.85

Third Quarter

38.58

29.95

29.95

Fourth Quarter

41.60

27.71

37.90

2021

 

 

 

First Quarter

53.57

37.96

49.06

Second Quarter

56.19

47.07

53.87

Third Quarter

54.81

45.79

52.09

Fourth Quarter

59.14

53.01

55.50

2022

 

 

 

First Quarter

78.75

57.22

76.44

Second Quarter

92.28

70.66

71.51

Third Quarter (through September 27, 2022)

84.09

67.49

69.52

 

This document relates only to the securities offered hereby and does not relate to the XLE Shares. We have derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding the SPDR Trust from the publicly available documents described above. In connection with the offering of the securities, neither we nor the agent has participated in the preparation of such documents or made any due diligence inquiry with respect to the SPDR Trust. Neither we nor the agent makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding the SPDR Trust is accurate or complete. Furthermore, we cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date hereof (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of the XLE Shares (and therefore the price of the XLE Shares at the time we price the securities) have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of or failure to disclose material future events concerning the SPDR Trust could affect the value received with respect to the securities and therefore the value of the securities.

Neither we nor any of our affiliates makes any representation to you as to the performance of the XLE Shares.

We and/or our affiliates may presently or from time to time engage in business with the SPDR Trust. In the course of such business, we and/or our affiliates may acquire non-public information with respect to the SPDR Trust, and neither we nor any of our affiliates undertakes to disclose any such information to you. In addition, one or more of our affiliates may publish research reports with respect to the XLE Shares. The statements in the preceding two sentences are not intended to affect the rights of investors in the securities under the securities laws. As a prospective purchaser of the securities, you should undertake an independent investigation of the SPDR Trust as in your judgment is appropriate to make an informed decision with respect to an investment linked to the XLE Shares.

“Standard & Poor’s®”, “S&P®”, “S&P 500®”, “SPDR®”, “Select Sector SPDR” and “Select Sector SPDRs” are trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”), an affiliate of S&P Global Inc. The securities are not sponsored, endorsed, sold, or promoted by S&P, S&P Global Inc. or the SPDR Trust. S&P, S&P Global Inc. and the SPDR Trust make no representations or warranties to the owners of the securities or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in the securities. S&P, S&P Global Inc. and the SPDR Trust have no obligation or liability in connection with the operation, marketing, trading or sale of the securities.

The Energy Select Sector Index. The Energy Select Sector Index is calculated and disseminated by S&P and is designed to provide an effective representation of the energy sector of the S&P 500® Index. The Energy Select Sector Index includes companies in the following industries: (i) oil, gas and consumable fuels and (ii) energy equipment and services. See “Energy Select Sector Index” in the accompanying index supplement.

October 2022 Page 18

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VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF Overview

The VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF is an exchange-traded fund that seeks to replicate, as closely as possible, the price and yield performance, before fees and expenses, of the MVIS® US Listed Oil Services 25 Index. The VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF is managed by VanEck Vectors® ETF Trust (the “Trust”), a registered investment company that consists of numerous separate investment portfolios, including the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF. Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) by the Trust pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933 and the Investment Company Act of 1940 can be located by reference to Commission file numbers 333-123257 and 811-10325, respectively, through the Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information may be obtained from other publicly available sources. Neither the issuer nor the agent makes any representation that any such publicly available information regarding the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF is accurate or complete.

Information as of market close on September 27, 2022:

 

Ticker Symbol:

OIH UP

Current Share Price:

$202.82

52 Weeks Ago:

$200.99

52 Week High (on 6/7/2022):

$312.59

52 Week Low (on 12/1/2021):

$174.93

 

The following graph sets forth the daily closing values of the OIH Shares for the period from January 1, 2017 through September 27, 2022. The related table sets forth the published high and low closing prices, as well as the end-of-quarter closing prices, of the OIH Shares for each quarter in the same period. The closing price of the OIH Shares on September 27, 2022 was $202.82. We obtained the information in the graph and table below from Bloomberg Financial Markets, without independent verification. The historical performance of the OIH Shares should not be taken as an indication of its future performance, and no assurance can be given as to the price of the OIH Shares at any time, including on the redemption determination dates or the observation dates.

Shares of the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF — Daily Closing Prices

January 1, 2017 to September 27, 2022

 

October 2022 Page 19

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All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF (CUSIP 92189H607)

High ($)

Low ($)

Period End ($)

2017

 

 

 

First Quarter

700.20

589.20

616.20

Second Quarter

624.60

482.60

495.80

Third Quarter

524.40

435.20

521.40

Fourth Quarter

521.40

467.00

521.00

2018

 

 

 

First Quarter

587.40

467.00

477.40

Second Quarter

590.20

466.00

525.40

Third Quarter

542.00

464.00

503.80

Fourth Quarter

520.40

266.40

280.60

2019

 

 

 

First Quarter

357.80

287.40

344.60

Second Quarter

371.20

261.60

296.40

Third Quarter

301.80

217.80

235.00

Fourth Quarter

269.20

216.40

265.00

2020

 

 

 

First Quarter

275.20

67.80

80.40

Second Quarter

173.58

75.20

121.88

Third Quarter

141.91

97.37

97.71

Fourth Quarter

167.32

90.72

154.00

2021

 

 

 

First Quarter

226.60

156.79

191.14

Second Quarter

244.64

174.22

218.93

Third Quarter

227.85

167.67

197.01

Fourth Quarter

227.37

174.93

184.84

2022

 

 

 

First Quarter

293.52

197.29

282.55

Second Quarter

312.59

221.34

232.60

Third Quarter (through September 27, 2022)

255.97

198.76

202.82

 

This document relates only to the securities offered hereby and does not relate to the OIH Shares. We have derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding the Trust from the publicly available documents described above. In connection with the offering of the securities, neither we nor the agent has participated in the preparation of such documents or made any due diligence inquiry with respect to the Trust. Neither we nor the agent makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding the Trust is accurate or complete. Furthermore, we cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date hereof (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of the OIH Shares (and therefore the price of the OIH Shares at the time we price the securities) have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of or failure to disclose material future events concerning the Trust could affect the value received with respect to the securities and therefore the value of the securities.

Neither we nor any of our affiliates makes any representation to you as to the performance of the OIH Shares.

We and/or our affiliates may presently or from time to time engage in business with the Trust. In the course of such business, we and/or our affiliates may acquire non-public information with respect to the Trust, and neither we nor any of our affiliates undertakes to disclose any such information to you. In addition, one or more of our affiliates may publish research reports with respect to the OIH Shares. The statements in the preceding two sentences are not intended to affect the rights of investors in the securities under the securities laws. As a prospective purchaser of the securities, you should undertake an independent investigation of the Trust as in your judgment is appropriate to make an informed decision with respect to an investment linked to the OIH Shares.

The MVIS® US Listed Oil Services 25 Index. The MVIS® US Listed Oil Services 25 Index is designed to track the performance of the largest and most liquid U.S.-listed companies that derive at least 50% (25% for current components) of their revenues from oil services to the upstream oil sector.

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Principal at Risk Securities

 

Additional Terms of the Securities

Please read this information in conjunction with the summary terms on the front cover of this document.

Additional Terms:

If the terms described herein are inconsistent with those described in the accompanying product supplement, index supplement or prospectus, the terms described herein shall control.

Interest period:

The monthly period from and including the original issue date (in the case of the first interest period) or the previous scheduled coupon payment date, as applicable, to but excluding the following scheduled coupon payment date, with no adjustment for any postponement thereof.

Record date:

The record date for each coupon payment date shall be the date one business day prior to such scheduled coupon payment date; provided, however, that any coupon payable at maturity (or upon early redemption) shall be payable to the person to whom the payment at maturity or early redemption payment, as the case may be, shall be payable.

Share underlying index:

With respect to the XLE Shares, the S&P® Energy Select Sector Index.

With respect to the OIH Shares, the MVIS® US Listed Oil Services 25 Index.

Share underlying index publisher:

With respect to the XLE Shares, S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, or any successor thereof.

With respect to the OIH Shares, MV Index Solutions GmbH, or any successor thereof.

Day-count convention:

Interest will be computed on the basis of a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months.

Postponement of coupon payment dates (including the maturity date) and early redemption dates:

If any observation date or redemption determination date is postponed due to a non-trading day or certain market disruption events with respect to either of the underlying shares so that it falls less than two business days prior to the relevant scheduled coupon payment date (including the maturity date) or early redemption date, as applicable, the coupon payment date (or the maturity date) or the early redemption date will be postponed to the second business day following that observation date or redemption determination date as postponed, and no adjustment will be made to any coupon payment, early redemption payment or payment at maturity made on that postponed date.

Trustee:

The Bank of New York Mellon

Calculation agent:

MS & Co.

Issuer notices to registered security holders, the trustee and the depositary:

In the event that the maturity date is postponed due to postponement of the final observation date, the issuer shall give notice of such postponement and, once it has been determined, of the date to which the maturity date has been rescheduled (i) to each registered holder of the securities by mailing notice of such postponement by first class mail, postage prepaid, to such registered holder’s last address as it shall appear upon the registry books, (ii) to the trustee by facsimile, confirmed by mailing such notice to the trustee by first class mail, postage prepaid, at its New York office and (iii) to The Depository Trust Company (the “depositary”) by telephone or facsimile confirmed by mailing such notice to the depositary by first class mail, postage prepaid. Any notice that is mailed to a registered holder of the securities in the manner herein provided shall be conclusively presumed to have been duly given to such registered holder, whether or not such registered holder receives the notice. The issuer shall give such notice as promptly as possible, and in no case later than (i) with respect to notice of postponement of the maturity date, the business day immediately preceding the scheduled maturity date, and (ii) with respect to notice of the date to which the maturity date has been rescheduled, the business day immediately following the final observation date as postponed.

In the event that the securities are subject to early redemption, the issuer shall, (i) on the business day following the applicable redemption determination date, give notice of the early redemption and the early redemption payment, including specifying the payment date of the amount due upon the early redemption, (x) to each registered holder of the securities by mailing notice of such early redemption by first class mail, postage prepaid, to such registered holder’s last address as it shall appear upon the registry books, (y) to the trustee by facsimile confirmed by mailing such notice to the trustee by first class mail, postage prepaid, at its New York office and (z) to the depositary by telephone or facsimile confirmed by mailing such notice to the depositary by first class mail, postage prepaid, and (ii) on or prior to the early redemption date, deliver the aggregate cash amount due with respect to the securities to the trustee for delivery to the depositary, as holder of the securities. Any notice that is mailed to a registered holder of the securities in the manner herein provided shall be conclusively presumed to have been duly given to such registered holder, whether or not such registered holder receives the notice. This notice shall be given by the issuer or, at the issuer’s request, by the trustee in the name and at the expense of the issuer, with any such request to be accompanied by a copy of the notice to be given.

The issuer shall, or shall cause the calculation agent to, (i) provide written notice to the trustee, on which notice the trustee may conclusively rely, and to the depositary of the amount of cash to

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be delivered as monthly coupon with respect to each security on or prior to 10:30 a.m. (New York City time) on the business day preceding each coupon payment date, and (ii) deliver the aggregate cash amount due with respect to the monthly coupon to the trustee for delivery to the depositary, as holder of the securities, on the applicable coupon payment date.

The issuer shall, or shall cause the calculation agent to, (i) provide written notice to the trustee, on which notice the trustee may conclusively rely, and to the depositary of the amount of cash to be delivered with respect to each stated principal amount of the securities, on or prior to 10:30 a.m. (New York City time) on the business day preceding the maturity date, and (ii) deliver the aggregate cash amount due with respect to the securities to the trustee for delivery to the depositary, as holder of the securities, on the maturity date.

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Principal at Risk Securities

 

Additional Information About the Securities

Additional Information:

Minimum ticketing size:

$1,000 / 1 security

Tax considerations:

Prospective investors should note that the discussion under the section called “United States Federal Taxation” in the accompanying product supplement does not apply to the securities issued under this document and is superseded by the following discussion.

The following is a general discussion of the material U.S. federal income tax consequences and certain estate tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of the securities. This discussion applies only to investors in the securities who:

 

purchase the securities in the original offering; and

hold the securities as capital assets within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

 

This discussion does not describe all of the tax consequences that may be relevant to a holder in light of the holder’s particular circumstances or to holders subject to special rules, such as:

 

certain financial institutions;

insurance companies;

certain dealers and traders in securities or commodities;

investors holding the securities as part of a “straddle,” wash sale, conversion transaction, integrated transaction or constructive sale transaction;

U.S. Holders (as defined below) whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar;

partnerships or other entities classified as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

regulated investment companies;

real estate investment trusts; or

tax-exempt entities, including “individual retirement accounts” or “Roth IRAs” as defined in Section 408 or 408A of the Code, respectively.

 

If an entity that is classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes holds the securities, the U.S. federal income tax treatment of a partner will generally depend on the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. If you are a partnership holding the securities or a partner in such a partnership, you should consult your tax adviser as to the particular U.S. federal tax consequences of holding and disposing of the securities to you.

As the law applicable to the U.S. federal income taxation of instruments such as the securities is technical and complex, the discussion below necessarily represents only a general summary. The effect of any applicable state, local or non-U.S. tax laws is not discussed, nor are any alternative minimum tax consequences or consequences resulting from the Medicare tax on investment income. Moreover, the discussion below does not address the consequences to taxpayers subject to special tax accounting rules under Section 451(b) of the Code.

This discussion is based on the Code, administrative pronouncements, judicial decisions and final, temporary and proposed Treasury regulations, all as of the date hereof, changes to any of which subsequent to the date hereof may affect the tax consequences described herein. Persons considering the purchase of the securities should consult their tax advisers with regard to the application of the U.S. federal income tax laws to their particular situations as well as any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

General

Due to the absence of statutory, judicial or administrative authorities that directly address the treatment of the securities or instruments that are similar to the securities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, no assurance can be given that the IRS or a court will agree with the tax treatment described herein. We intend to treat a security for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a single financial contract that provides for a coupon that will be treated as gross income to you at the time received or accrued in accordance with your regular method of tax accounting. In the opinion of our counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, this treatment of the securities is reasonable under current law; however, our counsel has advised us that it is unable to conclude affirmatively that this treatment is more likely than not to be upheld, and that alternative treatments are possible. Moreover, our counsel’s opinion is based on market conditions as of the date of this

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Principal at Risk Securities

 

preliminary pricing supplement and is subject to confirmation on the pricing date.

You should consult your tax adviser regarding all aspects of the U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities (including possible alternative treatments of the securities). Unless otherwise stated, the following discussion is based on the treatment of each security as described in the previous paragraph.

Tax Consequences to U.S. Holders

This section applies to you only if you are a U.S. Holder. As used herein, the term “U.S. Holder” means a beneficial owner of a security that is, for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

a citizen or individual resident of the United States;

a corporation, or other entity taxable as a corporation, created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia; or

an estate or trust the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source.

 

Tax Treatment of the Securities

Assuming the treatment of the securities as set forth above is respected, the following U.S. federal income tax consequences should result.

 

 Tax Basis. A U.S. Holder’s tax basis in the securities should equal the amount paid by the U.S. Holder to acquire the securities.

 

 Tax Treatment of Coupon Payments. Any coupon payment on the securities should be taxable as ordinary income to a U.S. Holder at the time received or accrued, in accordance with the U.S. Holder’s regular method of accounting for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

 Sale, Exchange or Settlement of the Securities. Upon a sale, exchange or settlement of the securities, a U.S. Holder should recognize gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized on the sale, exchange or settlement and the U.S. Holder’s tax basis in the securities sold, exchanged or settled. For this purpose, the amount realized does not include any coupon paid at settlement and may not include sale proceeds attributable to an accrued coupon, which may be treated as a coupon payment. Any such gain or loss recognized should be long-term capital gain or loss if the U.S. Holder has held the securities for more than one year at the time of the sale, exchange or settlement, and should be short-term capital gain or loss otherwise. The ordinary income treatment of the coupon payments, in conjunction with the capital loss treatment of any loss recognized upon the sale, exchange or settlement of the securities, could result in adverse tax consequences to holders of the securities because the deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations.

Possible Alternative Tax Treatments of an Investment in the Securities

Due to the absence of authorities that directly address the proper tax treatment of the securities, no assurance can be given that the IRS will accept, or that a court will uphold, the treatment described above. In particular, the IRS could seek to analyze the U.S. federal income tax consequences of owning the securities under Treasury regulations governing contingent payment debt instruments (the “Contingent Debt Regulations”). If the IRS were successful in asserting that the Contingent Debt Regulations applied to the securities, the timing and character of income thereon would be significantly affected. Among other things, a U.S. Holder would be required to accrue into income original issue discount on the securities every year at a “comparable yield” determined at the time of their issuance, adjusted upward or downward to reflect the difference, if any, between the actual and the projected amount of any contingent payments on the securities. Furthermore, any gain realized by a U.S. Holder at maturity or upon a sale, exchange or other disposition of the securities would be treated as ordinary income, and any loss realized would be treated as ordinary loss to the extent of the U.S. Holder’s prior accruals of original issue discount and as capital loss thereafter. The risk that financial instruments providing for buffers, triggers or similar downside protection features, such as the securities, would be recharacterized as debt is greater than the risk of recharacterization for comparable financial instruments that do not have such features.

Other alternative federal income tax treatments of the securities are possible, which, if applied, could significantly affect the timing and character of the income or loss with respect to the securities. In 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS released a notice requesting

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Principal at Risk Securities

 

comments on the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar instruments. The notice focuses on whether to require holders of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar instruments to accrue income over the term of their investment. It also asks for comments on a number of related topics, including the character of income or loss with respect to these instruments; whether short-term instruments should be subject to any such accrual regime; the relevance of factors such as the exchange–traded status of the instruments and the nature of the underlying property to which the instruments are linked; whether these instruments are or should be subject to the “constructive ownership” rule, which very generally can operate to recharacterize certain long-term capital gain as ordinary income and impose an interest charge; and appropriate transition rules and effective dates. While it is not clear whether instruments such as the securities would be viewed as similar to the prepaid forward contracts described in the notice, any Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the securities, possibly with retroactive effect. U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the securities, including possible alternative treatments and the issues presented by this notice.

Backup Withholding and Information Reporting

Backup withholding may apply in respect of payments on the securities and the payment of proceeds from a sale, exchange or other disposition of the securities, unless a U.S. Holder provides proof of an applicable exemption or a correct taxpayer identification number and otherwise complies with applicable requirements of the backup withholding rules. The amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules are not an additional tax and may be refunded, or credited against the U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability, provided that the required information is timely furnished to the IRS. In addition, information returns will be filed with the IRS in connection with payments on the securities and the payment of proceeds from a sale, exchange or other disposition of the securities, unless the U.S. Holder provides proof of an applicable exemption from the information reporting rules.

Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders

This section applies to you only if you are a Non-U.S. Holder. As used herein, the term “Non-U.S. Holder” means a beneficial owner of a security that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

an individual who is classified as a nonresident alien;

a foreign corporation; or

a foreign estate or trust.

The term “Non-U.S. Holder” does not include any of the following holders:

a holder who is an individual present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year of disposition and who is not otherwise a resident of the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

certain former citizens or residents of the United States; or

a holder for whom income or gain in respect of the securities is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States.

 

Such holders should consult their tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the securities.

Although significant aspects of the tax treatment of each security are uncertain, we intend to withhold on any coupon paid to a Non-U.S. Holder generally at a rate of 30% or at a reduced rate specified by an applicable income tax treaty under an “other income” or similar provision. We will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld. In order to claim an exemption from, or a reduction in, the 30% withholding tax, a Non-U.S. Holder of the securities must comply with certification requirements to establish that it is not a U.S. person and is eligible for such an exemption or reduction under an applicable tax treaty. If you are a Non-U.S. Holder, you should consult your tax adviser regarding the tax treatment of the securities, including the possibility of obtaining a refund of any withholding tax and the certification requirement described above.

Section 871(m) Withholding Tax on Dividend Equivalents

Section 871(m) of the Code and Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (“Section 871(m)”) generally impose a 30% (or a lower applicable treaty rate) withholding tax on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid to Non-U.S. Holders with respect to certain financial

October 2022 Page 25

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All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

instruments linked to U.S. equities or indices that include U.S. equities (each, an “Underlying Security”). Subject to certain exceptions, Section 871(m) generally applies to securities that substantially replicate the economic performance of one or more Underlying Securities, as determined based on tests set forth in the applicable Treasury regulations (a “Specified Security”). However, pursuant to an IRS notice, Section 871(m) will not apply to securities issued before January 1, 2025 that do not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security. Based on the terms of the securities and current market conditions, we expect that the securities will not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security on the pricing date. However, we will provide an updated determination in the pricing supplement. Assuming that the securities do not have a delta of one with respect to any Underlying Security, our counsel is of the opinion that the securities should not be Specified Securities and, therefore, should not be subject to Section 871(m).

Our determination is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this determination. Section 871(m) is complex and its application may depend on your particular circumstances, including whether you enter into other transactions with respect to an Underlying Security. If Section 871(m) withholding is required, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to the amounts so withheld. You should consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) to the securities.

U.S. Federal Estate Tax

Individual Non-U.S. Holders and entities the property of which is potentially includible in such an individual’s gross estate for U.S. federal estate tax purposes (for example, a trust funded by such an individual and with respect to which the individual has retained certain interests or powers) should note that, absent an applicable treaty exemption, the securities may be treated as U.S.-situs property subject to U.S. federal estate tax. Prospective investors that are non-U.S. individuals, or are entities of the type described above, should consult their tax advisers regarding the U.S. federal estate tax consequences of an investment in the securities.

Backup Withholding and Information Reporting

Information returns will be filed with the IRS in connection with any coupon payment and may be filed with the IRS in connection with the payment at maturity on the securities and the payment of proceeds from a sale, exchange or other disposition. A Non-U.S. Holder may be subject to backup withholding in respect of amounts paid to the Non-U.S. Holder, unless such Non-U.S. Holder complies with certification procedures to establish that it is not a U.S. person for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise establishes an exemption. The amount of any backup withholding from a payment to a Non-U.S. Holder will be allowed as a credit against the Non-U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability and may entitle the Non-U.S. Holder to a refund, provided that the required information is timely furnished to the IRS.

FATCA

Legislation commonly referred to as “FATCA” generally imposes a withholding tax of 30% on payments to certain non-U.S. entities (including financial intermediaries) with respect to certain financial instruments, unless various U.S. information reporting and due diligence requirements have been satisfied. An intergovernmental agreement between the United States and the non-U.S. entity’s jurisdiction may modify these requirements. FATCA generally applies to certain financial instruments that are treated as paying U.S.-source interest or other U.S.-source “fixed or determinable annual or periodical” income (“FDAP income”). Withholding (if applicable) applies to payments of U.S.-source FDAP income and to payments of gross proceeds of the disposition (including upon retirement) of certain financial instruments treated as providing for U.S.-source interest or dividends. Under proposed regulations (the preamble to which specifies that taxpayers are permitted to rely on them pending finalization), no withholding will apply on payments of gross proceeds (other than amounts treated as FDAP income). While the treatment of the securities is unclear, you should assume that any coupon payment with respect to the securities will be subject to the FATCA rules. If withholding applies to the securities, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld. Both U.S. and Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisers regarding the potential application of FATCA to the securities.

The discussion in the preceding paragraphs, insofar as it purports to describe provisions of U.S. federal income tax laws or legal conclusions with respect thereto, constitutes the full opinion of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP regarding the material U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities.

October 2022 Page 26

Morgan Stanley Finance LLC

Contingent Income Buffered Auto-Callable Securities due July 31, 2025, with 6-Month Initial Non-Call Period

All Payments on the Securities Based on the Worst Performing of the Energy Select Sector SPDR® Fund and the VanEck Vectors® Oil Services ETF

Principal at Risk Securities

 

Use of proceeds and hedging:

The proceeds from the sale of the securities will be used by us for general corporate purposes. We will receive, in aggregate, $1,000 per security issued, because, when we enter into hedging transactions in order to meet our obligations under the securities, our hedging counterparty will reimburse the cost of the agent’s commissions. The costs of the securities borne by you and described beginning on page 5 above comprise the agent’s commissions and the cost of issuing, structuring and hedging the securities.

On or prior to the pricing date, we will hedge our anticipated exposure in connection with the securities by entering into hedging transactions with our affiliates and/or third-party dealers. We expect our hedging counterparties to take positions in the underlying shares, in futures and/or options contracts on the underlying shares or any component stocks of the share underlying indices, or positions in any other available securities or instruments that they may wish to use in connection with such hedging. Such purchase activity could potentially increase the initial share price of one or both of the underlying shares and, therefore, could increase (i) the value at or above which such underlying shares must close on the redemption determination dates so that the securities are redeemed prior to maturity for the early redemption payment (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares) and (ii) the coupon barrier level for such underlying shares, which is the value at or above which the underlying shares must close on the observation dates so that you receive a contingent monthly coupon on the securities (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares) and (iii) the value at or above which such underlying shares must close on the final observation date so that you are not exposed to the negative performance of the worst performing underlying shares at maturity (depending also on the performance of the other underlying shares). These entities may be unwinding or adjusting hedge positions during the term of the securities, and the hedging strategy may involve greater and more frequent dynamic adjustments to the hedge as the final observation date approaches. Additionally, our hedging activities, as well as our other trading activities, during the term of the securities could potentially affect the value of any of the underlying shares on the redemption determination dates and other observation dates and, accordingly, whether we redeem the securities prior to maturity, whether we pay a contingent monthly coupon on the securities and the amount of cash you will receive at maturity. For further information on our use of proceeds and hedging, see “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying product supplement.

Additional considerations:

Client accounts over which Morgan Stanley, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management or any of their respective subsidiaries have investment discretion are not permitted to purchase the securities, either directly or indirectly.

Supplemental information regarding plan of distribution; conflicts of interest:

Selected dealers, which may include our affiliates, and their financial advisors will collectively receive from the agent a fixed sales commission of $ for each security they sell.

MS & Co. is an affiliate of MSFL and a wholly owned subsidiary of Morgan Stanley, and it and other affiliates of ours expect to make a profit by selling, structuring and, when applicable, hedging the securities. When MS & Co. prices this offering of securities, it will determine the economic terms of the securities, including the contingent monthly coupon rate, such that for each security the estimated value on the pricing date will be no lower than the minimum level described in “Investment Summary” beginning on page 3.

MS & Co. will conduct this offering in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., which is commonly referred to as FINRA, regarding a FINRA member firm’s distribution of the securities of an affiliate and related conflicts of interest. MS & Co. or any of our other affiliates may not make sales in this offering to any discretionary account. See “Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” and “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying product supplement for auto-callable securities.

Where you can find more information:

Morgan Stanley and MSFL have filed a registration statement (including a prospectus, as supplemented by the product supplement for auto-callable securities and the index supplement) with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, for the offering to which this communication relates. You should read the prospectus in that registration statement, the product supplement for auto-callable securities, the index supplement and any other documents relating to this offering that MSFL and Morgan Stanley have filed with the SEC for more complete information about Morgan Stanley and this offering. You may get these documents without cost by visiting EDGAR on the SEC web site at.www.sec.gov. Alternatively, MSFL, Morgan Stanley, any underwriter or any dealer participating in the offering will arrange to send you the prospectus and the product supplement for auto-callable securities and the index supplement if you so request by calling toll-free 1-(800)-584-6837.

You may access these documents on the SEC web site at.www.sec.gov as follows:

Product Supplement for Auto-Callable Securities dated November 16, 2020

Index Supplement dated November 16, 2020

Prospectus dated November 16, 2020

Terms used but not defined in this document are defined in the product supplement for auto-callable securities, the index supplement or in the prospectus.

 

October 2022 Page 27

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