AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor wafer substrates, today reported financial results for the second quarter, ended June 30, 2021.

Management Qualitative Comments—“Our Q2 results demonstrate that the momentum in our business continues to build with major customer wins that are increasingly contributing to our revenue,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “The investments we’ve made over the past years in our facilities, our team, and our business processes have come at exactly the right time and are producing new opportunities. With these investments, we are able to participate in several major technology trends and are now in the supply chains of some of the most prestigious companies in the world. Our growth and record results underscore our strong competitive positioning and the expanding number of major applications for compound semiconductors.”

Second Quarter 2021 Results

  • Revenue for the second quarter of 2021 was $33.7 million, compared with $31.4 million in the first quarter of 2021 and $22.1 million for the second quarter of 2020. This is more than 52 percent growth over the second quarter of 2020.
  • Gross margin was 36.3 percent of revenue for the second quarter of 2021, compared with 36.8 percent of revenue in the first quarter of 2021 and 30.6 percent for the second quarter of 2020.
  • Operating expenses were $8.3 million in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $8.0 million in the first quarter of 2021 and $6.3 million for the second quarter of 2020.
  • Operating profit for the second quarter of 2021 was $3.9 million, compared with an operating profit of $3.6 million in the first quarter of 2021 and operating profit of $0.5 million for the second quarter of 2020.
  • Other income, net for the second quarter of 2021 was a gain of $1.6 million, compared with a gain of $1.0 million in the first quarter of 2021 and a gain of $1.4 million for the second quarter of 2020.
  • Net income in the second quarter of 2021 was $4.4 million, or $0.10 per share, compared with net income of $3.4 million or $0.08 per share in the first quarter of 2021 and net income of $0.4 million or $0.01 per share for the second quarter of 2020.

STAR Market Listing Update  

AXT previously announced on November 16, 2020 a strategic plan to access China’s capital markets and progress to an initial public offering by Beijing Tongmei Xtal Technology Co., Ltd. (“Tongmei”), its wafer manufacturing company in China, on the Shanghai Stock Exchange’s Sci-Tech innovAtion boaRd (the “STAR Market”). The company is currently preparing required documents for submission to the STAR Market authorities.

The process of going public on the STAR Market includes several periods of review and, therefore, is a lengthy process. Tongmei expects to accomplish this goal in mid-2022. AXT has posted a brief summary of the plan and the process on its website at

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 4868076). The call will also be simulcast at Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 4868076) until August 2, 2021. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company’s website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company’s Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT is a material science company that develops and manufactures high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrate wafers comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge).  The company’s substrate wafers are used when a typical silicon substrate wafer cannot meet the performance requirements of a semiconductor or optoelectronic device. End markets include 5G infrastructure, data center connectivity (silicon photonics), passive optical networks, LED lighting, lasers, sensors, power amplifiers for wireless devices and satellite solar cells. AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California and includes sales, administration and customer service functions.  AXT has its Asia headquarters in Beijing, China and manufacturing facilities in three separate locations in China. In addition, as part of its supply chain strategy, the Company has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials for its manufacturing process. For more information, see AXT’s website at

Forward-Looking Statements

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding completing other preliminary steps in connection with the proposed listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, being accepted to list shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market and the timing and completion of such listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market. Additional examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, including technology trends and new applications, our market opportunity, our ability to lead our industry, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects and financial results. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the withdrawal, cancellations or requests for redemptions by private equity funds in China of investments in Tongmei, the administrative challenges in satisfying the requirements of various government agencies in China in connection with the investments in Tongmei and the listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, continued open access to companies to list shares on the STAR Market, investor enthusiasm for new listings of shares on the STAR Market and geopolitical tensions between China and the United States. Additional uncertainties and factors include, but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; our ability to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines and ramping of production; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; COVID-19 or other outbreaks of a contagious disease; tariffs and other trade war issues; the financial performance of our partially owned supply chain companies; policies and regulations in China; and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


AXT, INC.CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30,   June 30,
    2021   2020   2021   2020
Revenue   $ 33,735     $ 22,134     $ 65,085     $ 42,857  
Cost of revenue     21,497       15,366       41,311       30,567  
Gross profit     12,238       6,768       23,774       12,290  
Operating expenses:                        
Selling, general and administrative     5,795       4,747       11,365       9,496  
Research and development     2,537       1,543       4,942       2,950  
Total operating expenses     8,332       6,290       16,307       12,446  
Income (loss) from operations     3,906       478       7,467       (156 )
Interest income (expense), net     39       (39 )     (11 )     (68 )
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures     1,502       (168 )     2,613       (288 )
Other income (expense), net     61       1,608       (50 )     2,974  
Income before provision for income taxes     5,508       1,879       10,019       2,462  
Provision for income taxes     893       920       1,639       1,286  
Net income     4,615       959       8,380       1,176  
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests     (230 )     (598 )     (570 )     (993 )
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc.   $ 4,385     $ 361     $ 7,810     $ 183  
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:                        
Basic   $ 0.11     $ 0.01     $ 0.19     $ 0.00  
Diluted   $ 0.10     $ 0.01     $ 0.18     $ 0.00  
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                        
Basic     41,248       39,973       41,124       39,891  
Diluted     42,727       40,750       42,725       40,543  

       June 30,      December 31, 
    2021    2020 
Current assets:            
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 52,783     $ 72,602  
Short-term investments     2,751       240  
Accounts receivable, net     33,473       24,558  
Inventories     58,926       51,515  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     16,509       15,603  
Total current assets     164,442       164,518  
Long-term investments     2,944       5,726  
Property, plant and equipment, net     127,241       115,825  
Operating lease right-of-use assets     2,504       2,683  
Other assets     12,273       10,110  
Total assets   $ 309,404     $ 298,862  
Current liabilities:            
Accounts payable   $ 16,130     $ 12,669  
Accrued liabilities     11,547       15,995  
Bank loan     10,533       10,411  
Total current liabilities     38,210       39,075  
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities     2,156       2,374  
Other long-term liabilities     1,693       1,881  
Total liabilities     42,059       43,330  
Redeemable noncontrolling interests     50,083       47,563  
Stockholders’ equity:            
Preferred stock     3,532       3,532  
Common stock     42       42  
Additional paid-in capital     228,411       230,381  
Accumulated deficit     (36,735 )     (44,545 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income     4,533       3,209  
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity     199,783       192,619  
Noncontrolling interests     17,479       15,350  
Total stockholders’ equity     217,262       207,969  
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity   $ 309,404     $ 298,862  
    Gary FischerChief Financial Officer(510) 438-4700Leslie Green                Green Communications Consulting, LLC(650) 312-9060


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