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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to               .
Commission file number: 001-35120

CVR PARTNERS, LP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
cvi-20220630_g1.gif
56-2677689
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2277 Plaza Drive, Suite 500, Sugar Land, Texas 77479
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 207-3200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common units representing limited partner interests UAN The New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-Accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No 

There were 10,569,637 common units representing limited partner interests of CVR Partners, LP (“common units”) outstanding at July 29, 2022.


 TABLE OF CONTENTS
CVR PARTNERS, LP - Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
June 30, 2022

PART I. Financial Information
PART II. Other Information
5
5
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations - Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
6
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital - Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
7
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
8
9
cvi-20220630_g1.gif

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including documents incorporated by reference herein) contains statements with respect to our expectations or beliefs as to future events. These types of statements are “forward-looking” and subject to uncertainties. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” section of this filing.

June 30, 2022 | 2

Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, those under Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. All statements other than statements of historical fact, including without limitation, statements regarding future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, growth, capital projects, unit repurchases, impacts of legal proceedings, projected costs, prospects, plans, and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. The words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project,” and similar terms and phrases are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
Although we believe our assumptions concerning future events are reasonable, a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results and trends to differ materially from those projected or forward-looking. Forward-looking statements, as well as certain risks, contingencies, or uncertainties that may impact our forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to, the following:
our ability to generate distributable cash or make cash distributions on our common units, including reserves and future uses of cash;
the ability of our general partner to modify or revoke our distribution policy at any time;
the volatile nature of our business and the variable nature of our distributions;
the severity, magnitude, duration, and impact of the novel coronavirus 2019 and any variants thereof (collectively, “COVID-19”) pandemic and of businesses’ and governments’ responses to such pandemic on our operations, personnel, commercial activity, and supply and demand across our and our customers’ and suppliers’ businesses;
changes in market conditions and market volatility arising from the COVID-19 pandemic or inflation, including fertilizer, natural gas, and other commodity prices and the impact of such changes on our operating results and financial position;
the cyclical and seasonal nature of our business;
the impact of weather on our business, including our ability to produce, market, sell, transport or deliver fertilizer products profitably or at all, and on commodity supply and/or pricing;
the dependence of our operations on a few third-party suppliers, including providers of transportation services, and equipment;
our reliance on, or our ability to procure economically or at all, pet coke we purchase from CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) and other third-party suppliers;
our reliance on the natural gas, electricity, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur processing, compressed dry air and other products that we purchase from third parties;
the supply, availability, and prices of essential raw materials and the effects of inflation thereupon;
our production levels, including the risk of a material decline in those levels, including our ability to upgrade ammonia to UAN;
product pricing, including contracted sales and our ability to realize market prices, in full or at all;
accidents or other unscheduled shutdowns or interruptions affecting our facilities, machinery, or equipment, or those of our suppliers or customers;
potential operating hazards from accidents, fire, severe weather, tornadoes, floods or other natural disasters;
our ability to obtain, retain, or renew permits, licenses and authorizations to operate our business;
competition in the nitrogen fertilizer business and foreign wheat and coarse grain production, including impacts thereto as a result of farm planting acreage, domestic and global supply and demand, and domestic or international duties tariffs or similar costs;
capital expenditures;
existing and future laws, rulings and regulations, including but not limited to those relating to the environment, climate change, and/or the transportation or production of hazardous chemicals like ammonia, including potential liabilities or capital requirements arising from such laws, rulings, or regulations;
Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) including but not limited to compliance with ESG-related recommendations or directives and risks or impacts relating thereto, whether from regulators, rating agencies, lenders, investors, litigants, customers, vendors, the public or others;
alternative energy or fuel sources and impacts on corn prices (ethanol), and the end-use and application of fertilizers;
risks of terrorism, cybersecurity attacks, the security of chemical manufacturing facilities and other matters beyond our control;
political disturbances, geopolitical instability and tensions, and associated changes in global trade policies and economic sanctions, including, but not limited to, in connection with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and any ongoing conflicts in the region;
our lack of asset diversification;
our dependence on significant customers and the creditworthiness and performance by counterparties;
our potential loss of transportation cost advantage over our competitors;
risks associated with third party operation of or control over important facilities necessary for operation of our nitrogen fertilizer facilities;
the volatile nature of ammonia, potential liability for accidents involving ammonia including damage or injury to persons, property, the environment or human health and increased costs related to the transport or production of ammonia;
June 30, 2022 | 3

our potential inability to successfully implement our business strategies, including the completion of significant capital programs or projects;
our reliance on CVR Energy’s senior management team and conflicts of interest they may face operating each of CVR Partners and CVR Energy;
control of our general partner by CVR Energy;
our ability to continue to license the technology used in our operations;
the potential inability to successfully implement our business strategies at all or on time and within our anticipated budgets, including significant capital programs or projects and turnarounds at our fertilizer facilities;
restrictions in our debt agreements;
asset impairments and impacts thereof;
asset useful life;
realizable inventory value;
the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common units;
our ability to issue securities or obtain financing;
changes in tax and other law, regulations and policies;
ability to qualify for and receive the benefit of 45Q tax credits;
changes in our treatment as a partnership for U.S. federal income or state tax purposes;
rulings, judgments or settlements in litigation, tax or other legal or regulatory matters;
instability and volatility in the capital, credit and commodities markets and in the global economy, including due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict;
competition with CVR Energy and its affiliates;
transactions and/or conflicts with CVR Energy’s controlling shareholder;
the value of payouts under our equity and non-equity incentive plans; and
our ability to recover under our insurance policies for damages or losses in full or at all; and
the factors described in greater detail under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 and our other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
All forward-looking statements included in this Report are based on information available to us on the date of this Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Information About Us

Investors should note that we make available, free of charge on our website at cvrenergy.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. We also post announcements, updates, events, investor information and presentations on our website in addition to copies of all recent news releases. We may use the Investor Relations section of our website to communicate with investors. It is possible that the financial and other information posted there could be deemed to be material information. Documents and information on our website are not incorporated by reference herein.

The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC.

June 30, 2022 | 4

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 156,312  $ 112,516 
Accounts receivable 35,998  88,351 
Inventories 85,402  52,270 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 5,659  9,108 
Total current assets 283,371  262,245 
Property, plant, and equipment, net 820,940  850,462 
Other long-term assets 14,489  14,351 
Total assets $ 1,118,800  $ 1,127,058 
LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 49,928  $ 41,504 
Accounts payable to affiliates 11,713  8,895 
Deferred revenue 4,196  87,060 
Other current liabilities 29,960  24,401 
Total current liabilities 95,797  161,860 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net 546,558  610,642 
Other long-term liabilities 15,259  12,358 
Total long-term liabilities 561,817  623,000 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 11)
Partners’ capital:
Common unitholders, 10,569,637 and 10,681,332 units issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
461,185  342,197 
General partner interest 1 
Total partners’ capital 461,186  342,198 
Total liabilities and partners’ capital $ 1,118,800  $ 1,127,058 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
June 30, 2022 | 5

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands, except per unit data) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Net sales
$ 244,000  $ 138,025  $ 466,874  $ 198,945 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of materials and other
40,984  26,094  71,230  43,860 
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
48,767  53,291  109,084  90,366 
Depreciation and amortization
21,220  21,119  40,686  35,242 
Cost of sales
110,971  100,504  221,000  169,468 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
7,008  6,802  15,752  12,692 
Loss on asset disposal 93  405  267  477 
Operating income 125,928  30,314  229,855  16,308 
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense, net
(8,308) (23,334) (18,343) (39,251)
Other income, net 81  40  108  4,598 
Income (loss) before income tax expense 117,701  7,020  211,620  (18,345)
Income tax expense 119  —  377  19 
Net income (loss) $ 117,582  $ 7,020  $ 211,243  $ (18,364)
Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per unit $ 11.12  $ 0.66  $ 19.90  $ (1.72)
Distributions declared per common unit
$ 2.26  $ —  $ 7.50  $ — 
Weighted-average common units outstanding:
Basic and Diluted
10,570  10,681  10,617  10,688 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

June 30, 2022 | 6

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
(unaudited)
Common Units  General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data) Issued Amount
Balance at December 31, 2021 10,681,332  $ 342,197  $ $ 342,198 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Affiliates   (20,394) —  (20,394)
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Non-affiliates   (35,576) —  (35,576)
Repurchase of common units (111,695) (12,398) —  (12,398)
Net income   93,661  —  93,661 
Balance at March 31, 2022 10,569,637  367,490  $ 367,491 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Affiliates
  (8,796)   (8,796)
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Non-affiliates
  (15,091)   (15,091)
Net income   117,582    117,582 
Balance at June 30, 2022 10,569,637  $ 461,185  $ 1  $ 461,186 

Common Units  General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data) Issued Amount
Balance at December 31, 2020 10,705,710  $ 314,240  $ $ 314,241 
Repurchase of common units (24,378) (529) —  (529)
Net loss —  (25,384) —  (25,384)
Balance at March 31, 2021 10,681,332  288,327  $ 288,328 
Net income —  7,020  —  7,020 
Balance at June 30, 2021 10,681,332  $ 295,347  $ $ 295,348 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


June 30, 2022 | 7

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss) $ 211,243  $ (18,364)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 40,686  35,242 
Share-based compensation 11,353  9,971 
Loss on extinguishment of debt 628  7,763 
Other adjustments 958  2,808 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Current assets and liabilities (48,892) (15,852)
Non-current assets and liabilities (365) 1,411 
Net cash provided by operating activities 215,611  22,979 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures (13,771) (5,386)
Proceeds from sale of assets 41  42 
Net cash used in investing activities (13,730) (5,344)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repurchase of common units (12,398) (529)
Proceeds from issuance of senior secured notes   550,000 
Principal payments on senior secured notes (65,000) (552,240)
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Affiliates (29,190) — 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Non-affiliates (50,667) — 
Payment of deferred financing costs (830) (2,554)
Other financing activities   (52)
Net cash used in financing activities (158,085) (5,375)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 43,796  12,260 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 112,516  30,559 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 156,312  $ 42,819 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

June 30, 2022 | 8


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

(1) Organization and Nature of Business

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed by CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) to own, operate and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces nitrogen fertilizer products at two manufacturing facilities, one located in Coffeyville, Kansas operated by our wholly owned subsidiary, Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (“CRNF”) (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and one located in East Dubuque, Illinois operated by our wholly owned subsidiary, East Dubuque Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (“EDNF”) (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Both facilities manufacture ammonia and are able to further upgrade such ammonia to other nitrogen fertilizer products, principally urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). Nitrogen fertilizer is used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops, primarily corn and wheat. The Partnership’s products are sold on a wholesale basis in the United States of America. As used in these financial statements, references to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require.

Interest Holders

As of June 30, 2022, public common unitholders held approximately 63% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; CVR Services, LLC (“CVR Services”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held approximately 37% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; and CVR GP, LLC (“CVR GP” or the “general partner”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held 100% of the Partnership’s general partner interest. As of June 30, 2022, Icahn Enterprises L.P. and its affiliates owned approximately 71% of the common stock of CVR Energy.

Unit Repurchase Program

On May 6, 2020, the board of directors of the Partnership’s general partner (the “Board”), on behalf of the Partnership, authorized a unit repurchase program (the “Unit Repurchase Program”), which was increased on February 22, 2021. The Unit Repurchase Program, as increased, authorized the Partnership to repurchase up to $20 million of the Partnership’s common units. During the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Partnership did not repurchase any common units. During the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Partnership repurchased 111,695 and 24,378 common units, respectively, on the open market in accordance with a repurchase agreement under Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, at a cost of $12.4 million and $0.5 million, respectively, exclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $110.98 and $21.69 per common unit, respectively. As of June 30, 2022, the Partnership, considering all repurchases made since inception of the Unit Repurchase Program, had a nominal amount in authority remaining under the Unit Repurchase Program. This Unit Repurchase Program does not obligate the Partnership to repurchase any common units and may be cancelled or terminated by the Board at any time.

Management and Operations

The Partnership, including CVR GP, is managed by a combination of the Board, the general partner’s executive officers, CVR Services (as sole member of the general partner), and certain officers of CVR Energy, pursuant to the Partnership Agreement, as well as a number of agreements among the Partnership, CVR GP, CVR Energy, and certain of their respective subsidiaries, including a services agreement. See Part II, Item 8 of CVR Partners’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Form 10-K”) for further discussion. Common unitholders have limited voting rights on matters affecting the Partnership and have no right to elect the general partner’s directors or officers, whether on an annual or continuing basis or otherwise.

(2) Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2021 audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2021 Form 10-K.

June 30, 2022 | 9


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
In the opinion of the Partnership’s management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are necessary for fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations of the Partnership for the periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed.

Certain reclassifications have been made within the condensed consolidated financial statements for prior periods to conform with current presentation.

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for the year ending December 31, 2022 or any other interim or annual period.

(3) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - New Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Implemented

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. This guidance applies to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by the discontinuation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates. The guidance is effective beginning on March 12, 2020 through the sunset date of Topic 848, which is currently expected to occur on December 31, 2022. The Partnership has not utilized any of the optional expedients or exceptions available under this guidance and will continue to assess whether this guidance is applicable throughout the effective period.

(4) Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Finished goods $ 38,930  $ 17,141 
Raw materials 1,803  833 
Parts, supplies and other 44,669  34,296 
Total inventories $ 85,402  $ 52,270 

(5) Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:
(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Machinery and equipment $ 1,413,757  $ 1,410,203 
Buildings and improvements 17,598  17,598 
Automotive equipment 16,403  16,433 
Land and improvements 14,604  14,199 
Construction in progress 23,889  14,167 
Other 1,914  2,221 
1,488,165  1,474,821 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization (667,225) (624,359)
Total property, plant and equipment, net $ 820,940  $ 850,462 

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Partnership had not identified the existence of an impairment indicator for our long-lived asset groups as outlined under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment.
June 30, 2022 | 10


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

(6) Leases

Lease Overview

We lease railcars and certain facilities to support the Partnership’s operations. Most of our leases include one or more renewal options to extend the lease term from one to 20 years or more, which can be exercised at our sole discretion. Certain leases also include options to purchase the leased property. The depreciable life of assets and leasehold improvements are limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise. Certain of our lease agreements include rental payments which are adjusted periodically for factors such as inflation. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. Additionally, we do not have any material lessor or sub-leasing arrangements.

Balance Sheet Summary as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021

The following tables summarize the right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability balances for the Partnership’s operating and finance leases at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
(in thousands) Operating Leases Finance Leases Operating Leases Finance Leases
ROU asset, net
Railcars $ 4,152  $   $ 4,570  $ — 
Real estate and other 2,565    2,755  34 
Lease liability
Railcars 4,152    4,570  — 
Real estate and other 562    665  — 

Lease Expense Summary for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

We recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term and short-term lease expense within Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization). For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, we recognized lease expense comprised of the following components:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Operating lease expense $ 1,098  $ 1,004  $ 2,157  $ 1,920 
Finance lease expense:
Amortization of ROU asset 8  29  34  51 
Interest expense on lease liability   —   
Short-term lease expense 767  430  1,532  590 

Lease Terms and Discount Rates

The following outlines the remaining lease terms and discount rates used in the measurement of the Partnership’s ROU assets and lease liabilities at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Operating Leases Finance Leases Operating Leases Finance Leases
Weighted-average remaining lease term 2.6 years 0.0 years 2.1 years 0.0 years
Weighted-average discount rate 4.8  %   % 5.1  % —  %

June 30, 2022 | 11


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Maturities of Lease Liabilities

The following summarizes the remaining minimum operating lease payments through maturity of the Partnership’s liabilities at June 30, 2022. There were no finance lease payments remaining at June 30, 2022.
(in thousands) Operating Leases
Remainder of 2022 $ 1,590 
2023 1,621 
2024 937 
2025 522 
2026 261 
Thereafter 65 
Total lease payments 4,996 
Less: imputed interest (282)
Total lease liability $ 4,714 

On February 21, 2022, CRNF entered into the First Amendment to the On-Site Product Supply Agreement with Messer LLC (“Messer”), which amended the July 31, 2020 On-Site Product Supply Agreement (as amended, the “Messer Agreement”). Under the Messer Agreement, among other obligations, Messer is obligated to supply and make certain capital improvements during the term of the Messer Agreement, and CRNF is obligated to take as available and pay for, oxygen, nitrogen, and compressed dry air from Messer’s facility. This arrangement for CRNF’s purchase of oxygen, nitrogen, and dry air from Messer does not meet the definition of a lease under FASB ASC Topic 842, Leases (“Topic 842”), as CRNF does not expect to receive substantially all of the output of Messer’s on-site production from its air separation unit over the life of the Messer Agreement. The Messer Agreement also obligates Messer to install a new oxygen storage vessel, related equipment and infrastructure (“Oxygen Storage Vessel” or “Vessel”) to be used solely by the Coffeyville Facility. The arrangement for the use of the Oxygen Storage Vessel meets the definition of a lease under Topic 842, as CRNF will receive all output associated with the Vessel. Based on terms outlined in the Messer Agreement, the Partnership expects the lease of the Oxygen Storage Vessel to be classified as a financing lease with an amount of approximately $25 million being capitalized upon lease commencement when the Vessel is placed in service.

(7) Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Share-based compensation $ 10,605  $ 5,888 
Personnel accruals 5,915  7,920 
Sales incentives 3,681  1,555 
Accrued insurance 2,969  718 
Operating lease liabilities 2,387  3,052 
Accrued taxes other than income taxes 1,871  1,744 
Accrued interest 1,404  1,654 
Other accrued expenses and liabilities 1,128  1,870 
Total other current liabilities $ 29,960  $ 24,401 

June 30, 2022 | 12


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(8) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following:
(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (1)
$   $ 65,000 
6.125% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2028 (1)
550,000  550,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (2)
(3,442) (4,358)
Total long-term debt $ 546,558  $ 610,642 
(1)The $65 million outstanding balance of the 9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) was paid in full on February 22, 2022 at par, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The estimated fair value of the 2023 Notes was approximately $65.1 million as of December 31, 2021. The estimated fair value of the 6.125% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2028 (the “2028 Notes”) was approximately $486.6 million and $580.3 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. These estimates of fair value are a Level 2 measurement, as defined by ASC Topic 820 - Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, as they were determined by quotations obtained from a broker-dealer who makes a market in these and similar securities.
(2)For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, amortization of the discount on debt and amortization of deferred financing costs reported as Interest expense, net totaled approximately $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, Interest expense, net totaled approximately $1.0 million and $2.0 million, respectively.

Credit Agreements
(in thousands) Total Available Borrowing Capacity Amount Borrowed as of June 30, 2022 Outstanding Letters of Credit Available Capacity as of June 30, 2022 Maturity Date
ABL Credit Facility (1) (2)
$ 35,000  $   $ —  $ 35,000  September 30, 2024
(1)Beginning September 30, 2021, loans under the Partnership’s ABL Credit Facility bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the option of the borrowers, (i) (a) 1.615% plus the daily simple Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) or (b) 0.615% plus a base rate, if our quarterly excess availability is greater than or equal to 75%, (ii) (a) 1.865% plus SOFR or (b) 0.865% plus a base rate, if our quarterly excess availability is greater than or equal to 50% but less than 75%, or (iii) (a) 2.115% plus SOFR or (b) 1.115% plus a base rate, otherwise.
(2)Amortization expense was $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.

9.25% Senior Secured Notes due June 2023

On February 22, 2022, the Partnership redeemed all of the outstanding 2023 Notes at par and settled accrued and unpaid interest of approximately $1.1 million through the date of redemption. As a result of this transaction, the Partnership recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $0.6 million, which includes the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and discount of $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

Covenant Compliance

The Partnership and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants under their respective debt instruments as of June 30, 2022.

June 30, 2022 | 13


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(9) Revenue

The following table presents the Partnership’s revenue, disaggregated by major product:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Ammonia $ 60,942  $ 32,097  $ 102,953  $ 41,630 
UAN 159,399  87,585  319,006  125,647 
Urea products 10,544  6,820  19,767  11,578 
Net sales, exclusive of freight and other 230,885  126,502  441,726  178,855 
Freight revenue 9,856  8,870  19,071  14,985 
Other revenue 3,259  2,653  6,077  5,105 
Net sales $ 244,000  $ 138,025  $ 466,874  $ 198,945 

Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations

As of June 30, 2022, the Partnership had approximately $7.7 million of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration of more than one year. The Partnership expects to recognize approximately $3.6 million of these performance obligations as revenue by the end of 2022, an additional $3.9 million in 2023, and the remaining balance thereafter.

Contract Balances

The Partnership’s deferred revenue is a contract liability that primarily relates to nitrogen fertilizer sales contracts requiring customer prepayment prior to product delivery to guarantee a price and supply of nitrogen fertilizer. Deferred revenue is recorded at the point in time in which a prepaid contract is legally enforceable and the associated right to consideration is unconditional prior to transferring product to the customer. An associated receivable is recorded for uncollected prepaid contract amounts. Contracts requiring prepayment are generally short-term in nature and, as discussed above, revenue is recognized at the point in time in which the customer obtains control of the product.

A summary of the deferred revenue activity for the six months ended June 30, 2022 is presented below:
(in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2021 $ 87,060 
Add:
New prepay contracts entered into during the period (1)
15,556 
Less:
Revenue recognized that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period (84,015)
Revenue recognized related to contracts entered into during the period (13,668)
Other changes (737)
Balance at June 30, 2022 $ 4,196 
(1) Includes $15.5 million where payment associated with prepaid contracts was collected as of June 30, 2022.

June 30, 2022 | 14


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(10) Share-Based Compensation

A summary of compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is presented below:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Phantom Unit Awards $ (2,259) $ 5,388  $ 7,653  $ 8,533 
Other Awards (1)
1,538  991  3,700  1,438 
Total share-based compensation expense $ (721) $ 6,379  $ 11,353  $ 9,971 
(1)Other awards include the allocation of compensation expense for certain employees of CVR Energy and its subsidiaries who perform services for the Partnership under the Corporate Master Services Agreement effective January 1, 2020, as amended on April 12, 2022, with certain subsidiaries of CVR Energy (as amended, the “Corporate MSA”) and the Limited Partnership Agreement and participate in equity compensation plans of CVR Energy.

(11) Commitments and Contingencies

There have been no material changes in the Partnership’s commitments and contingencies disclosed in the 2021 Form 10-K. In the ordinary course of business, the Partnership may become party to lawsuits, administrative proceedings, and governmental investigations, including environmental, regulatory, and other matters. The outcome of these matters cannot always be predicted accurately, but the Partnership accrues liabilities for these matters if the Partnership has determined that it is probable a loss has been incurred and the loss can be reasonably estimated. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of such proceedings, if one or more of them were decided against us, the Partnership believes there would be no material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The Partnership continues to monitor its contractual arrangements and customer, vendor, and supplier relationships to determine whether and to what extent, if any, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the current global and domestic economic environment, or ongoing price volatility will impair or excuse the performance of the Partnership or its subsidiaries or their customers, vendors, or suppliers under existing agreements. As of June 30, 2022, the Partnership had not experienced a material financial impact from any actual or threatened impairment of or excuse in its or others’ performance under such agreements.

(12) Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Cash flows related to income taxes, interest, leases, and capital expenditures and deferred financing costs included in accounts payable are as follows:
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021
Supplemental disclosures:
Cash paid for interest $ 18,113  $ 32,872 
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds 27  31 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases 1,790  1,832 
Operating cash flows from finance leases  
Financing cash flows from finance leases   52 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Change in capital expenditures included in accounts payable (109) 1,470 

June 30, 2022 | 15


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(13) Related Party Transactions

Activity associated with the Partnership’s related party arrangements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is summarized below.

Related Party Activity
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Sales to related parties (1)
$ 124  $ 82  $ 172  $ 301 
Purchases from related parties (2)
14,590  9,819  29,122  17,823 

June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Due to related parties (3)
$ 7,612  $ 3,580 
(1)Sales to related parties, included in Net sales, consist primarily of sales of feedstocks and services to Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, LLC (“CRRM”) under the Master Service Agreement with CRNF (the “Coffeyville MSA”).
(2)Purchases from related parties, included in Cost of materials and other, Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), and Selling, general and administrative expenses, consist primarily of pet coke and hydrogen purchased from CRRM under the Coffeyville MSA.
(3)Due to related parties, included in Accounts payable to affiliates, consists primarily of amounts payable for feedstocks and other supplies and services provided by CRRM and CVR Services under the Coffeyville MSA and the Corporate MSA.

Distributions to CVR Partners’ Unitholders

Distributions, if any, including the payment, amount, and timing thereof, are subject to change at the discretion of the Board. The following table presents distributions paid by the Partnership to CVR Partners’ unitholders, including amounts paid to CVR Energy, during 2022 and 2021.
Distributions Paid (in thousands)
Related Period Date Paid Distribution Per
Common Unit
Public Unitholders CVR Energy Total
2021 - 4th Quarter
March 14, 2022 $ 5.24  $ 35,576  $ 20,394  $ 55,970 
2022 - 1st Quarter May 23, 2022 2.26  15,091  8,796  23,887 
Total 2022 distributions
$ 7.50  $ 50,667  $ 29,190  $ 79,857 

Distributions Paid (in thousands)
Related Period Date Paid Distribution Per
Common Unit
Public Unitholders CVR Energy Total
2021 - 2nd Quarter
August 23, 2021 $ 1.72  $ 11,678  $ 6,694  $ 18,372 
2021 - 3rd Quarter
November 23, 2021 2.93  19,893  11,404  31,297 
Total 2021 distributions
$ 4.65  $ 31,571  $ 18,098  $ 49,669 

There were no distributions declared or paid by the Partnership related to the first quarter of 2021 and fourth quarter of 2020.

For the second quarter of 2022, the Partnership, upon approval by the Board on August 1, 2022, declared a distribution of $10.05 per common unit, or $106.2 million, which is payable August 22, 2022 to unitholders of record as of August 12, 2022. Of this amount, CVR Energy will receive approximately $39.1 million, with the remaining amount payable to public unitholders.




June 30, 2022 | 16

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and with the statistical information and financial data appearing in this Report, as well as our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 23, 2022 (the “2021 Form 10-K”). Results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of results to be attained for any other period. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

Reflected in this discussion and analysis is how management views the Partnership’s current financial condition and results of operations along with key external variables and management actions that may impact the Partnership. Understanding significant external variables, such as market conditions, weather, and seasonal trends, among others, and management actions taken to manage the Partnership, address external variables, among others, which will increase users’ understanding of the Partnership, its financial condition and results of operations. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed below and elsewhere in this Report.

Partnership Overview

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed in 2011 by CVR Energy, Inc. (“CVR Energy”) to own, operate, and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces and distributes nitrogen fertilizer products, which are used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops. The Partnership produces these products at two manufacturing facilities, one located in Coffeyville, Kansas operated by its wholly owned subsidiary, Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (“CRNF”) (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and one located in East Dubuque, Illinois operated by its wholly owned subsidiary, East Dubuque Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (“EDNF”) (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Our principal products are ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). All of our products are sold on a wholesale basis. References to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require. Additionally, as the context may require, references to CVR Energy may refer to CVR Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries which include its petroleum and renewables refining, marketing, and logistics operations.

Strategy and Goals

The Partnership has adopted Mission and Values, which articulate the Partnership’s expectations for how it and its employees do business each and every day.

Mission and Values

Our Mission is to be a top tier North American nitrogen-based fertilizer company as measured by safe and reliable operations, superior performance and profitable growth. The foundation of how we operate is built on five core Values:

Safety - We always put safety first. The protection of our employees, contractors and communities is paramount. We have an unwavering commitment to safety above all else. If it’s not safe, then we don’t do it.

Environment - We care for our environment. Complying with all regulations and minimizing any environmental impact from our operations is essential. We understand our obligation to the environment and that it’s our duty to protect it.

Integrity - We require high business ethics. We comply with the law and practice sound corporate governance. We only conduct business one way—the right way with integrity.

Corporate Citizenship - We are proud members of the communities where we operate. We are good neighbors and know that it’s a privilege we can’t take for granted. We seek to make a positive economic and social impact through
June 30, 2022 | 17

our financial donations and the contributions of time, knowledge and talent of our employees to the places where we live and work.

Continuous Improvement - We believe in both individual and team success. We foster accountability under a performance-driven culture that supports creative thinking, teamwork, diversity and personal development so that employees can realize their maximum potential. We use defined work practices for consistency, efficiency and to create value across the organization.

Our core Values are driven by our people, inform the way we do business each and every day and enhance our ability to accomplish our mission and related strategic objectives.

Strategic Objectives

We have outlined the following strategic objectives to drive the accomplishment of our mission:

Environmental, Health & Safety (“EH&S”) - We aim to achieve continuous improvement in all EH&S areas through ensuring our people’s commitment to environmental, health and safety comes first, the refinement of existing policies, continuous training, and enhanced monitoring procedures.

Reliability - Our goal is to achieve industry-leading utilization rates at both of our facilities through safe and reliable operations. We are focusing on improvements in day-to-day plant operations, identifying alternative sources for plant inputs to reduce lost time due to third-party operational constraints, and optimizing our commercial and marketing functions to maintain plant operations at their highest level.

Market Capture - We continuously evaluate opportunities to improve the facilities’ realized pricing at the gate and reduce variable costs incurred in production to maximize our capture of market opportunities.

Financial Discipline - We strive to be as efficient as possible by maintaining low operating costs and disciplined deployment of capital.

Achievements

During the first six months of 2022, we successfully executed a number of achievements in support of our strategic objectives shown below through the date of this filing:
Safety Reliability Market Capture Financial Discipline
Achieved reductions in environmental events, process safety management tier 1 incidents and total recordable incident rate of 50%, 100% and 77%, respectively, compared to the first six months of 2021
ü
Operated both facilities safely ü
Achieved record UAN production volumes at the Coffeyville Facility in March 2022 through facility upgrades completed in October 2021 ü ü
Declared cash distribution of $10.05 per common unit for the second quarter of 2022, bringing cumulative distributions declared to date of $12.31 per common unit related to the first six months of 2022
ü ü
Generated over 1 million carbon offset credits related to voluntary Nitrous Oxide abatement at the Coffeyville Facility since 2020 ü
June 30, 2022 | 18

Safety Reliability Market Capture Financial Discipline
Completed targeted $95 million debt reduction plan with the repayment of the remaining $65 million balance of the 9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) in the first quarter of 2022 for a total reduction in annual cash interest expense of approximately $9 million
ü
Repurchased over 111,000 common units for $12.4 million
ü

Industry Factors and Market Indicators
Within the nitrogen fertilizer business, earnings and cash flows from operations are primarily affected by the relationship between nitrogen fertilizer product prices, utilization, and operating costs and expenses, including pet coke and natural gas feedstock costs.

The price at which nitrogen fertilizer products are ultimately sold depends on numerous factors, including the global supply and demand for nitrogen fertilizer products which, in turn, depends on, among other factors, world grain demand and production levels, changes in world population, the cost and availability of fertilizer transportation infrastructure, weather conditions, the availability of imports, and the extent of government intervention in agriculture markets.
Nitrogen fertilizer prices are also affected by local factors, including local market conditions and the operating levels of competing facilities. An expansion or upgrade of competitors’ facilities, new facility development, political and economic developments, and other factors are likely to continue to play an important role in nitrogen fertilizer industry economics. These factors can impact, among other things, the level of inventories in the market, resulting in price volatility and a reduction in product margins. Moreover, the industry typically experiences seasonal fluctuations in demand for nitrogen fertilizer products.

General Business Environment

COVID-19 - Throughout 2020 and into 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the worldwide economy, financial markets, and the energy and fertilizer industries. Actions taken by the U.S. government to provide stimulus to individuals and businesses have helped mitigate the impacts of the downturn caused by COVID-19, and we continue to see businesses resuming operations and the lifting of governmental restrictions. However, despite worldwide advances in containment of the virus and economic market recovery in 2021 and 2022, COVID-19 remains a dynamic and continuously evolving situation with unknown short and long-term economic challenges that could reverse any recent improvements. Further, the spread of variants of COVID-19 could cause restrictions to be reinstated, and the extent to which the pandemic may impact our business, financial condition, liquidity, or results of operations cannot be determined at this time.

Russia-Ukraine Conflict - In February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, significantly impacting global fertilizer and agriculture markets. The Black Sea is a major export point for nitrogen fertilizer and grains from Russia and Ukraine. Since the invasion began, the Black Sea has been closed to exports which prompted tightening global supply conditions for nitrogen fertilizer in advance of spring planting and for wheat and corn availability, as Russia and Ukraine are major wheat exporters and Ukraine is a major corn exporter. Expectations are that planted acres in Ukraine will be much lower in 2022 due to lack of planting inputs, fuel, and workers to complete the planting of crops. The ability to export grains from the Ukraine, particularly wheat, continue to be restricted due to lack of access to export terminals in the Black Sea and limited rail or trucking capacity. Additionally, many Western countries have formally or informally adopted sanctions on a number of Russian exports and individuals affiliated with Russian government leadership. While fertilizers have not been formally sanctioned, many Western customers are either unwilling to purchase Russian fertilizers or logistics make it too costly to import Russian fertilizers. Additionally, natural gas supplied from Russia to Western Europe has been constrained and prices have remained elevated since September 2021, causing a significant portion of European nitrogen fertilizer production capacity to be curtailed or costs to be elevated compared to competitors in other regions of the world. Overall, these events have caused grain and fertilizer prices to rise, and we currently expect these conditions to persist for the remainder of 2022. The ultimate outcome of the Russia-Ukraine conflict and any associated market disruptions are difficult to predict and may affect our business in unforeseen ways.

The Partnership believes the general business environment in which it operates will continue to remain volatile throughout 2022, driven by uncertainty around the availability and prices of its feedstocks, demand for its products, inflation, and global supply disruptions. As a result, future operating results and current and long-term financial conditions could be negatively
June 30, 2022 | 19

impacted if economic conditions decline and remain volatile. Due to the uncertainty of the global recovery, including its duration, timing, and strength, the Partnership is not able at this time to predict the extent to which these events may have a material, or any, effect on its financial or operational results in future periods.

Market Indicators

While there is risk of shorter-term volatility given the inherent nature of the commodity cycle, the Partnership believes the long-term fundamentals for the U.S. nitrogen fertilizer industry remain intact. The Partnership views the anticipated combination of (i) increasing global population, (ii) decreasing arable land per capita, (iii) continued evolution to more protein-based diets in developing countries, (iv) sustained use of corn and soybeans as feedstock for the domestic production of ethanol and other renewable fuels, and (v) positioning at the lower end of the global cost curve should provide a solid foundation for nitrogen fertilizer producers in the U.S. over the longer term.

Corn and soybeans are two major crops planted by farmers in North America. Corn crops result in the depletion of the amount of nitrogen within the soil in which it is grown, which in turn, results in the need for this nutrient to be replenished after each growing cycle. Unlike corn, soybeans are able to obtain most of their own nitrogen through a process known as “N fixation.” As such, upon harvesting of soybeans, the soil retains a certain amount of nitrogen which results in lower demand for nitrogen fertilizer for the following corn planting cycle. Due to these factors, nitrogen fertilizer consumers generally operate a balanced corn-soybean rotational planting cycle as evident by the chart presented below as of June 30, 2022.

The relationship between the total acres planted for both corn and soybean has a direct impact on the overall demand for nitrogen products, as the market and demand for nitrogen increases with increased corn acres and decreases with increased soybean acres. Additionally, an estimated 12 billion pounds of soybean oil is expected to be used in producing cleaner renewables in marketing year 2022/2023. Multiple refiners have announced renewable diesel expansion projects for 2022 and beyond, which will only increase the demand for soybeans and potentially for corn and canola.

The United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) estimates that in spring 2022 farmers planted 89.9 million corn acres, representing a decrease of 3.7% as compared to 93.4 million corn acres in 2021. Planted soybean acres are estimated to be 88.3 million, representing a 1.3% increase as compared to 87.2 million soybean acres in 2021. The combined corn and soybean planted acres of 178.2 million is in line with the acreage planted in 2021, which was the highest in history. Due to higher input costs for corn planting and increased demand for soybeans, particularly for renewable diesel production, it was more favorable for farmers to plant soybeans compared to corn. The lower planted corn acres in 2022 is expected to be supportive of corn prices for 2022 and 2023.

Ethanol is blended with gasoline to meet renewable fuel standard requirements and for its octane value. Ethanol production has historically consumed approximately 35% of the U.S. corn crop, so demand for corn generally rises and falls with ethanol demand, as evidenced by the charts below, through June 30, 2022.
U.S. Plant Production of Fuel Ethanol (1)
Corn and Soybean Planted Acres (2)
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(1)Information used within this chart was obtained from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (“EIA”) through June 30, 2022.
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(2)Information used within this chart was obtained from the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Services as of June 30, 2022.

Weather continues to be a critical variable for crop production. Even with high planted acres and trendline yields per acre in the U.S., inventory levels for corn and soybeans remain below historical levels and prices have remained elevated. With tight grain and fertilizer inventory levels driven by the war in Ukraine, prices for grains and fertilizers are expected to remain elevated throughout 2022. While the weather conditions were difficult early in spring 2022, farmers were able to complete the crop planting later than normal. Demand for nitrogen fertilizer, as well as other crop inputs, was strong for the spring 2022 planting season.

On June 30, 2021, CF Industries Nitrogen, L.L.C., Terra Nitrogen, Limited Partnership, and Terra International (Oklahoma) LLC filed petitions with the U.S. Department of Commerce (“USDOC”) and the U.S. International Trade Commission (the “ITC”) requesting the initiation of antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on imports of UAN from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago (“Trinidad”). Following investigations by both USDOC and the ITC, on November 30, 2021, USDOC determined that UAN imports from Russia are unfairly subsidized at rates ranging from 9.66% to 9.84% and UAN imports from Trinidad are unfairly subsidized at a rate of 1.83%. On January 27, 2022, USDOC found that Russian UAN imports are sold at less than fair value into the U.S. market at rates ranging from 9.15% to 127.19% and that Trinidadian UAN imports at a rate of 63.08%. On June 21, 2022, USDOC issued its final affirmative determinations in anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigations where it found that imports from Russia are dumped at rates ranging from 8.16% to 122.93% and unfairly subsidized at rates ranging from 6.27% to 9.66%. Additionally, USDOC found that imports from Trinidad are dumped at a rate of 111.71% and unfairly subsidized at a rate of 1.83%. On July 18, 2022, the ITC made a negative final injury determination concerning its investigation of imports from Russia and Trinidad despite USDOC’s final determination in June that UAN is subsidized and dumped in the U.S. market by producers in both countries. As the result of this decision, we expect world trade flows of UAN to return to pre-investigation patterns.

The charts below show relevant market indicators by month through June 30, 2022:
Ammonia and UAN Market Pricing (1)
Natural Gas and Pet Coke Market Pricing (1)
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(1)Information used within these charts was obtained from various third-party sources, including Green Markets (a Bloomberg Company), Pace Petroleum Coke Quarterly, and the EIA, amongst others.

Results of Operations

The following should be read in conjunction with the information outlined in the previous sections of this Part I, Item 2 and the financial statements and related notes thereto in Part I, Item 1 of this Report.

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The charts presented below summarize our ammonia utilization rates on a consolidated basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. Utilization is an important measure used by management to assess operational output at each of the Partnership’s facilities. Utilization is calculated as actual tons of ammonia produced divided by capacity adjusted for planned maintenance and turnarounds.

Utilization is presented solely on ammonia production rather than each nitrogen product as it provides a comparative baseline against industry peers and eliminates the disparity of facility configurations for upgrade of ammonia into other nitrogen products. With efforts primarily focused on ammonia upgrade capabilities, we believe this measure provides a meaningful view of how well we operate.
Consolidated Ammonia Utilization Consolidated Ammonia Utilization
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On a consolidated basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, utilization decreased to 89% and 88%, respectively. The decreases during the current periods were primarily due to unplanned downtime in 2022 associated with the Messer air separation plant (“Messer”) at the Coffeyville Facility and various pieces of equipment at the East Dubuque Facility.

Sales and Pricing per Ton - Two of our key operating metrics are total sales volumes for ammonia and UAN, along with the product pricing per ton realized at the gate. Total product sales volumes were unfavorable, driven by lower production at the Coffeyville Facility due to reduced downtime from Messer outages and various pieces of equipment at the East Dubuque Facility in 2022, as compared to 2021. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, total product sales were favorable, driven by sales price increases of 193% and 202%, respectively, for ammonia and 134% and 154%, respectively, for UAN. Ammonia and UAN sales prices were favorable primarily due to lower fertilizer supply driven by production outages from Hurricane Ida in August and September 2021, increased industry turnaround activity, energy shortages in Europe and Asia, and the impacts from the Russia-Ukraine conflict, coupled with higher crop pricing. Product pricing at the gate represents net sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure comparable across the fertilizer industry.

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Operating Highlights for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 versus June 30, 2021
Sales (thousand tons)
Product Pricing at Gate ($ per ton)
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Operating Highlights for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 versus June 30, 2021
Sales (thousand tons)
Product Pricing at Gate ($ per ton)
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Production Volumes - Gross tons produced for ammonia represent the total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent the ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products. The table below presents these metrics for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands of tons) 2022   2021   2022   2021
Ammonia (gross produced) 193  217  380  404 
Ammonia (net available for sale) 50  70  102  140 
UAN 331  334  648  606 

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Feedstock - Our Coffeyville Facility utilizes a pet coke gasification process to produce nitrogen fertilizer. Our East Dubuque Facility uses natural gas in its production of ammonia. The table below presents these feedstocks for both facilities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
2022   2021   2022   2021
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)
116  134  224  262 
Petroleum coke (dollars per ton)
$ 49.91  $ 36.69  $ 53.06  $ 39.73 
Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtu) (1)
1,936  2,154  3,697  4,036 
Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu) (1)
$ 7.34  $ 3.04  $ 6.48  $ 3.07 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtu) (1)
1,707  2,711  3,235  3,650 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu) (1)
$ 5.98  $ 3.06  $ 5.81  $ 3.03 
(1)The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization).

Financial Highlights for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

For the three months ended June 30, 2022, the Partnership’s operating income and net income were $125.9 million and $117.6 million, respectively, representing improvements of $95.6 million and $110.6 million, respectively, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Partnership’s operating income and net income were $229.9 million and $211.2 million, respectively, representing a $213.6 million and $229.6 million increase in operating income and net income, respectively, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. These increases for both periods were primarily driven by higher product sales prices for UAN and ammonia compared to the prior periods.
Net Sales
Operating Income
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Net Income (Loss)
EBITDA (1)
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(1)See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below for reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures shown above.

Net Sales - For the three months ended June 30, 2022, net sales increased by $106.0 million to $244.0 million compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. This increase was primarily due to favorable UAN and ammonia pricing conditions which contributed $131.6 million in higher revenues, partially offset by decreased sales volumes which contributed $31.0 million in lower revenues, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021.

The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in sales volumes and pricing for the primary components of net sales, excluding urea products, freight, and other revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021:
(in thousands) Price
 Variance
Volume
 Variance
UAN $ 91,454  $ (19,640)
Ammonia 40,191  (11,345)

The $779 and $318 per ton increases in ammonia and UAN sales pricing, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2022, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021, were primarily attributable to continued tight market conditions following the production outages related to Hurricane Ida in 2021, heightened turnaround activity during the summer of 2021, energy shortages in Europe and Asia, and further supply concerns due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, coupled with higher crop pricing. The decrease in UAN and ammonia sales volumes for the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily attributable to lower production due to unplanned downtime associated with the Messer outages at the Coffeyville Facility and various pieces of equipment at the East Dubuque Facility in 2022.

For the six months ended June 30, 2022, net sales increased by $268.0 million to $466.9 million compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. This increase was primarily due to favorable UAN and ammonia pricing conditions which contributed $262.3 million in higher revenues, partially offset by decreased sales volumes which contributed $7.6 million in lower revenues, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021.

The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in sales volumes and pricing for the primary components of net sales, excluding urea products, freight, and other revenue, for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021:
(in thousands) Price
 Variance
Volume
 Variance
UAN $ 193,428  $ (69)
Ammonia 68,847  (7,524)

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The $754 and $318 per ton increases in ammonia and UAN sales pricing, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021 were primarily attributable to continued tight market conditions following the production outages related to Hurricane Ida in 2021, heightened turnaround activity during the summer of 2021, energy shortages in Europe and Asia, and further supply concerns due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, coupled with higher crop pricing. The depressed ammonia sales volumes for the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily attributable to a higher rate of ammonia production converted to UAN for sale, along with lower ammonia production due to unplanned downtime associated with the Messer outages at the Coffeyville Facility and various pieces of equipment at the East Dubuque Facility in 2022.
Cost of Materials and Other
Direct Operating Expenses (1)
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(1)Exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense.

Cost of Materials and Other - For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, cost of materials and other was $41.0 million and $71.2 million, respectively, compared to $26.1 million and $43.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, increased costs were comprised primarily of $11.5 million and $13.3 million increases in purchases of nitrogen and ammonia, respectively, $7.7 million and $11.8 million increases in natural gas pricing and usage at the East Dubuque Facility, respectively, $1.6 million and $4.6 million increases in distribution costs driven by freight, respectively, and $1.0 million and $2.3 million increases in pet coke and hydrogen feedstock costs at the Coffeyville Facility, respectively. The increases were partially offset by a higher build in inventories contributing $7.1 million and $4.6 million, respectively.

Direct Operating Expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) - For the three months ended June 30, 2022, direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) were $48.8 million, compared to $53.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to lower personnel costs, mostly attributable to share-based compensation, of $4.7 million, as a result of a decrease in market prices for CVR Partners’ common units during the current period, and a higher build in inventories contributing $13.7 million. These decreases were partially offset by rising natural gas prices of $7.2 million, increased repairs and maintenance expenses due to outages of $4.0 million, increased operating materials, office costs and rent of $1.1 million, incurring turnaround expenses of $0.9 million, and increased insurance costs of $0.8 million.

For the six months ended June 30, 2022, direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) were $109.1 million, compared to $90.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily due to rising natural gas prices of $11.2 million, increased repairs and maintenance expenses due to outages of $7.1 million, higher electricity pricing and usage of $2.4 million, increased insurance costs of $2.4 million, incurring turnaround expenses of $1.5 million, increased operating materials of $1.3 million, and higher personnel costs, mostly attributable to share-based compensation, of $1.0 million, as a result of an increase in market prices for CVR Partners’ common units during the current period. These increases are partially offset by a higher build in inventories contributing $8.1 million.
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Depreciation and Amortization Selling, General and Administrative Expenses, and Other
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Depreciation and Amortization Expense - For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, depreciation and amortization expense was $21.2 million and $40.7 million, respectively, compared to $21.1 million and $35.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. These increases were primarily due to inventory changes and an increase in accelerated depreciation related to projects to be completed by 2025 that will retire assets earlier than their original expected useful life, coupled with additions to property, plant, and equipment during the current year.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses, and Other - For the three months ended June 30, 2022, selling, general and administrative expenses and other was $7.1 million, compared to $7.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, selling, general and administrative expenses and other was $16.0 million, compared to $13.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily related to increased personnel costs, mostly attributable to share-based compensation, contributing $2.0 million and increased expenses for outside services, public relations, insurance, and rentals contributing $1.1 million, partially offset by a decrease in losses on asset disposal and impairments of $0.2 million.

Other Income, Net - For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, other income, net was $0.1 million for both periods, compared to less than $0.1 million and $4.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The decrease for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was due to sales of natural gas volumes at the East Dubuque Facility in February 2021.

Non-GAAP Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures, and reconciliations to those measures, to evaluate current and past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our financial information presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the performance and liquidity measures defined below.

The following are non-GAAP measures we present for the period ended June 30, 2022:

EBITDA - Net income (loss) before (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit) and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense.

Adjusted EBITDA - EBITDA adjusted for certain significant non-cash items and items that management believes are not attributable to or indicative of our on-going operations or that may obscure our underlying results and trends.

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA - Net cash provided by operating activities reduced by (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit), (iii) change in working capital, and (iv) other non-cash adjustments.

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Available Cash for Distribution - EBITDA for the quarter excluding non-cash income or expense items (if any), for which adjustment is deemed necessary or appropriate by the board of directors of our general partner (the “Board”) in its sole discretion, less (i) reserves for maintenance capital expenditures, debt service and other contractual obligations and (ii) reserves for future operating or capital needs (if any), in each case, that the Board deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the Board.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders, and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including, but not limited to, our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the fertilizer industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods, and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” included herein for reconciliation of these amounts. Due to rounding, numbers presented within this section may not add or equal to numbers or totals presented elsewhere within this document.

Factors Affecting Comparability of Our Financial Results

Our historical results of operations for the periods presented may not be comparable with prior periods or to our results of operations in the future for the reasons discussed below.

Coffeyville Facility - A planned turnaround at the Coffeyville Facility commenced in July 2022 and is expected to be completed in early to mid-August 2022. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, we incurred turnaround expense of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, related to planning for this turnaround.

East Dubuque Facility - The next planned turnaround at the East Dubuque Facility is expected to commence during August 2022. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, we incurred turnaround expense of $0.8 million and $1.3 million, respectively, related to planning for this turnaround.

Non-GAAP Reconciliations

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Net income (loss) $ 117,582  $ 7,020  $ 211,243  $ (18,364)
Interest expense, net 8,308  23,334  18,343  39,251 
Income tax expense 119  —  377  19 
Depreciation and amortization 21,220  21,119  40,686  35,242 
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA $ 147,229  $ 51,473  $ 270,649  $ 56,148 

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Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 48,684  $ (2,572) $ 215,611  $ 22,979 
Non-cash items:
Loss on extinguishment of debt   (7,763) (628) (7,763)
Share-based compensation 721  (6,379) (11,353) (9,971)
Other (345) (1,549) (958) (2,808)
Adjustments:
Interest expense, net 8,308  23,334  18,343  39,251 
Income tax expense 119  —  377  19 
Change in assets and liabilities 89,742  46,402  49,257  14,441 
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA $ 147,229  $ 51,473  $ 270,649  $ 56,148 

Reconciliation of EBITDA to Available Cash for Distribution
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 2022 2021
EBITDA $ 147,229  $ 51,473  $ 270,649  $ 56,148 
Current (reserves) adjustments for amounts related to:
Net cash interest expense (excluding capitalized interest) (8,466) —  (17,800) — 
Debt service   (14,725) (65,000) (29,721)
Financing fees   (3,244) (815) (3,244)
Maintenance capital expenditures (7,981) (2,855) (13,109) (4,939)
Utility pass-through (675) 4,145  (1,350) 4,145 
Common units repurchased   —  (12,397) (529)
Other (reserves) releases:
Reserve for recapture of prior negative available cash   (14,980)   (14,980)
Future turnaround (9,875) (1,403) (16,750) (2,880)
Previously established cash reserves   —    5,308 
Cash reserves for future operating needs (15,000) —  (15,000) — 
Reserve for maintenance capital expenditures 974  —  1,613  — 
Available Cash for distribution (1) (2)
$ 106,206  $ 18,411  $ 130,041  $ 9,308 
Common units outstanding 10,570  10,681  10,570  10,681 
(1)Amount represents the cumulative available cash based on quarter-to-date and year-to-date results. However, available cash for distribution is calculated quarterly, with distributions (if any) being paid in the period following declaration.
(2)The Partnership declared and paid a $5.24 and $2.26 cash distribution related to the fourth quarter of 2021 and first quarter of 2022, respectively, and declared a cash distribution of $10.05 per common unit related to the second quarter of 2022 to be paid in August 2022.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal source of liquidity has historically been and continues to be cash from operations, which can include cash advances from customers resulting from prepay contracts. Our principal uses of cash are for working capital, capital expenditures, funding our debt service obligations, and paying distributions to our unitholders, as further discussed below.

Fertilizer market conditions improved steadily throughout 2021 and into 2022 driven by a combination of increased demand for products amid a series of supply disruptions, including the Russia-Ukraine conflict, that led to tight fertilizer
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inventories and concerns around availability of product. In early 2021, as the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic started to recover, Winter Storm Uri caused unprecedented disruptions to natural gas and electricity supply throughout the Midwest and Gulf Coast regions, leading to lower fertilizer supply due to production outages which increased the price of fertilizer. In the summer of 2021, numerous U.S. nitrogen fertilizer facilities underwent turnarounds, several of which extended longer than planned due to start-up issues. Additionally, in August 2021, Hurricane Ida caused additional fertilizer facility disruptions in the Gulf Coast, while the energy crunch in Europe and Asia reduced available supplies of nitrogen fertilizers further and caused prices to increase once more. In the first quarter of 2022 following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, fertilizer prices increased further and have been volatile over concerns of a reduction in global supply of fertilizers due to restrictions on supply of Russian fertilizers and Russia’s decision to restrict fertilizer exports through the end of 2022. Despite the volatility in recent commodity pricing, the increase in fertilizer product pricing has had a favorable impact to our business and has not significantly impacted our primary source of liquidity. While we believe demand for our fertilizer products is stable, there is still uncertainty on the horizon as countries and states continue to monitor their efforts against COVID-19, and variants thereof, and weigh potential impacts of the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict. In executing financial discipline, we successfully implemented the following measures:

Deferred the planned turnarounds at the Coffeyville and East Dubuque Facilities after taking advantage of downtime in 2021 to complete maintenance activities; and
Focused maintenance capital expenditures to only include those projects which are a priority to support continuing safe and reliable operations, or which are considered critical to support future activities.

When considering the market conditions and actions described above, we currently believe that our cash from operations and existing cash and cash equivalents, along with borrowings, as necessary, will be sufficient to satisfy anticipated cash requirements associated with our existing operations for at least the next 12 months. However, our future capital expenditures and other cash requirements could be higher than we currently expect as a result of various factors including, but not limited to, rising material and labor costs and other inflationary pressures. Additionally, our ability to generate sufficient cash from our operating activities and secure additional financing depends on our future performance, which is subject to general economic, political, financial, competitive, and other factors, some of which may be beyond our control.

Depending on the needs of our business, contractual limitations, and market conditions, we may from time to time seek to issue equity securities, incur additional debt, issue debt securities, or refinance or retire our outstanding debt through privately negotiated transactions, open market repurchases, redemptions, exchanges, tender offers or otherwise, but we are under no obligation to do so. There can be no assurance that we will seek to do any of the foregoing or that we will be able to do any of the foregoing on terms acceptable to us or at all.

On February 22, 2022, the Partnership redeemed the remaining $65 million in aggregate principal amount of its 2023 Notes at par, plus accrued and unpaid interest. This transaction represents a significant and favorable change in the Partnership’s cash flow and liquidity position, with annual savings of approximately $6 million in future interest expense. See Note 8 (“Long-Term Debt”) of this Report for further discussion. The Partnership and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants under their respective debt instruments as of June 30, 2022, as applicable.

We do not have any “off-balance sheet arrangements” as such term is defined within the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Cash and Other Liquidity

As of June 30, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $156.3 million, including $4.2 million of customer advances. Combined with $35.0 million available under our ABL Credit Facility, we had total liquidity of $191.3 million. As of December 31, 2021, we had $112.5 million in cash and cash equivalents, including $34.2 million of customer advances.

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(in thousands) June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (1)
$   $ 65,000 
6.125% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2028
550,000  550,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (3,442) (4,358)
Total long-term debt $ 546,558  $ 610,642 
(1)The $65 million outstanding balance of the 2023 Notes was paid in full on February 22, 2022 at par, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

As of June 30, 2022, the Partnership had the 6.125% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2028 (the “2028 Notes”) and the ABL Credit Facility, the proceeds of which may be used to fund working capital, capital expenditures, and for other general corporate purposes. Refer to Part I, Item 1, Note 8 (“Long-Term Debt”) of this Report and Part II, Item 8, Note 5 (“Long-Term Debt”) of our 2021 Form 10-K for further information.

Capital Spending

We divide capital spending needs into two categories: maintenance and growth. Maintenance capital spending includes non-discretionary maintenance projects and projects required to comply with environmental, health, and safety regulations. Growth capital projects generally involve an expansion of existing capacity and/or a reduction in direct operating expenses. We undertake growth capital spending based on the expected return on incremental capital employed.

Our total capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2022, along with our estimated expenditures for 2022 are as follows:
Six Months Ended June 30, Estimated full year
(in thousands) 2022 2022
Maintenance capital $ 13,109  $43,000 - 45,000
Growth capital 553  1,000 - 2,000
Total capital expenditures $ 13,662  $44,000 - 47,000

Our estimated capital expenditures are subject to change due to unanticipated changes in the cost, scope, and completion time for capital projects. For example, we may experience unexpected changes in labor or equipment costs necessary to comply with government regulations or to complete projects that sustain or improve the profitability of the nitrogen fertilizer facilities. We may also accelerate or defer some capital expenditures from time to time. Capital spending for CVR Partners is determined by the Board.
A planned turnaround at the Coffeyville Facility commenced in July 2022 and is expected to be completed in early to mid-August 2022, with an estimated cost of $12 to $15 million. The planned turnaround at our East Dubuque Facility is expected to commence during August 2022, with an estimated cost of $19 to $21 million. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, we incurred turnaround expense of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, related to planning for the Coffeyville Facility’s expected turnaround, and $0.8 million and $1.3 million, respectively, related to planning for the East Dubuque Facility’s expected turnaround. We will continue to monitor market conditions and make adjustments, if needed, to our current capital spending or turnaround plans.
Distributions to Unitholders
The current policy of the Board is to distribute all Available Cash the Partnership generated on a quarterly basis. Available Cash for each quarter will be determined by the Board following the end of such quarter. Available Cash for each quarter is calculated as EBITDA for the quarter excluding non-cash income or expense items (if any), for which adjustment is deemed necessary or appropriate by the Board in its sole discretion, less (i) reserves for maintenance capital expenditures, debt service and other contractual obligations, and (ii) reserves for future operating or capital needs (if any), in each case, that the Board deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the Board.

June 30, 2022 | 31

Distributions, if any, including the payment, amount, and timing thereof, are subject to change at the discretion of the Board. The following tables present distributions paid by the Partnership to CVR Partners’ unitholders, including amounts paid to CVR Energy, during 2022 and 2021.
Distributions Paid (in thousands)
Related Period Date Paid Distribution Per
Common Unit
Public Unitholders CVR Energy Total
2021 - 4th Quarter March 14, 2022 $ 5.24  $ 35,576  $ 20,394  $ 55,970 
2022 - 1st Quarter May 23, 2022 2.26  15,091  8,796  23,887 
Total 2022 distributions
$ 7.50  $ 50,667  $ 29,190  $ 79,857 

Distributions Paid (in thousands)
Related Period Date Paid Distribution Per
Common Unit
Public Unitholders CVR Energy Total
2021 - 2nd Quarter August 23, 2021 $ 1.72  $ 11,678  $ 6,694  $ 18,372 
2021 - 3rd Quarter November 23, 2021 2.93  19,893  11,404  31,297 
Total 2021 distributions
$ 4.65  $ 31,571  $ 18,098  $ 49,669 

There were no distributions declared or paid by the Partnership related to the first quarter of 2021 and fourth quarter of 2020.

For the second quarter of 2022, the Partnership, upon approval by the Board on August 1, 2022, declared a distribution of $10.05 per common unit, or $106.2 million, which is payable August 22, 2022 to unitholders of record as of August 12, 2022. Of this amount, CVR Energy will receive approximately $39.1 million, with the remaining amount payable to public unitholders.

Capital Structure

On May 6, 2020, the Board, on behalf of the Partnership, authorized a unit repurchase program (the “Unit Repurchase Program”), which was increased on February 22, 2021. The Unit Repurchase Program, as increased, authorized the Partnership to repurchase up to $20 million of the Partnership’s common units. During the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Partnership did not repurchase any common units. During the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Partnership repurchased 111,695 and 24,378 common units, respectively, on the open market in accordance with a repurchase agreement under Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, at a cost of $12.4 million and $0.5 million, respectively, exclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $110.98 and $21.69 per common unit, respectively. As of June 30, 2022, the Partnership, considering all repurchases made since inception of the Unit Repurchase Program, had a nominal amount in authority remaining under the Unit Repurchase Program. This Unit Repurchase Program does not obligate the Partnership to repurchase any common units and may be cancelled or terminated by the Board at any time.

Cash Flows

The following table sets forth our cash flows for the periods indicated below:

Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2022 2021 Change
Net cash flow provided by (used in):
Operating activities
$ 215,611  $ 22,979  $ 192,632 
Investing activities
(13,730) (5,344) (8,386)
Financing activities
(158,085) (5,375) (152,710)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents $ 43,796  $ 12,260  $ 31,536 

June 30, 2022 | 32

Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities

The change in net cash flows from operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021 is primarily due to a $214.5 million increase in EBITDA, a favorable change of $7.1 million in loss on extinguishment of debt, and a $1.4 million increase in non-cash share-based compensation as a result of higher market prices for CVR Partners’ units. These are partially offset by unfavorable changes in working capital of $33.0 million and a reduction of $1.7 million in non-cash amortization of deferred financing costs.

Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities

The change in net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021, was due to an increase in capital expenditures during 2022 of $8.4 million resulting from fixed asset additions.

Cash Flows Used in Financing Activities

The change in net cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily due to the cash distributions paid of $79.9 million in 2022 compared to no distributions in 2021, a change of $62.8 million in the redemption of the remaining balance of the 2023 Notes in 2022 and the 6.5% Notes due April 2021 in 2021, and an increase of $11.9 million in repurchases of the Partnership’s common units in 2022 compared to 2021. This is partially offset by a $1.7 million reduction in the payment of deferred financing costs during 2022 compared to 2021. Additionally, in June 2021, the Partnership completed a private offering of $550 million aggregate principal amount of the 2028 UAN Notes and used the proceeds, plus cash on hand, to redeem a portion of the 2023 UAN Notes.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Our critical accounting estimates are disclosed in the “Critical Accounting Estimates” section of our 2021 Form 10-K. No modifications have been made during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 to these estimates.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no material changes to our market risks as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the risks discussed in Part II, Item 7A of our 2021 Form 10-K.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Partnership has evaluated, under the direction and with the participation of the Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based upon this evaluation, the Partnership’s Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Financial Officer concluded that disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2022.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There have been no material changes in the Partnership’s internal controls over financial reporting required by Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2022 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

See Part I, Item 1, Note 11 (“Commitments and Contingencies”) of this Report, which is incorporated by reference into this Part II, Item 1, for a description of certain litigation, legal, and administrative proceedings and environmental matters.

June 30, 2022 | 33

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our 2021 Form 10-K, which risk factors could be affected by the potential effects of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Additional risks and uncertainties, including risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or that we currently deem immaterial, could also have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

Item 6. Exhibits
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Exhibit Number Exhibit Description
10.1 **
31.1*
31.2*
31.3*
31.4*
32.1†
101*
The following financial information for CVR Partners, LP’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, formatted Inline XBRL (“Extensible Business Reporting Language”) includes: (1) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited), (2) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited), (3) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital (unaudited), (4) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) and (5) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited), tagged in detail.
104* Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
*    Filed herewith.
**    Previously filed.
†    Furnished herewith.
+    Denotes management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

PLEASE NOTE: Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, we may file or incorporate by reference agreements referenced as exhibits to the reports that we file with or furnish to the SEC. The agreements are filed to provide investors with information regarding their respective terms. The agreements are not intended to provide any other factual information about the Partnership, its business or operations. In particular, the assertions embodied in any representations, warranties and covenants contained in the agreements may be subject to qualifications with respect to knowledge and materiality different from those applicable to investors and may be qualified by information in confidential disclosure schedules not included with the exhibits. These disclosure schedules may contain information that modifies, qualifies and creates exceptions to the representations, warranties and covenants set forth in the agreements. Moreover, certain representations, warranties and covenants in the agreements may have been used for the purpose of allocating risk between the parties, rather than establishing matters as facts. In addition, information concerning the subject matter of the representations, warranties and covenants may have changed after the date of the respective agreement, which subsequent information may or may not be fully reflected in the Partnership’s public disclosures. Accordingly, investors should not rely on the representations, warranties and covenants in the agreements as characterizations of the actual state of facts about the Partnership, its business or operations on the date hereof.
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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

CVR Partners, LP
By: CVR GP, LLC, its general partner
August 2, 2022 By: /s/ Dane J. Neumann
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial
Officer, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary
(Principal Financial Officer)
August 2, 2022 By: /s/ Jeffrey D. Conaway
Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer
and Corporate Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)

June 30, 2022 | 35
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