AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor wafer substrates, today reported financial results for the third quarter, ended September 30, 2021.

Management Qualitative Comments“Our third quarter and year-to-date revenue results continue to underscore the gathering momentum of the technology mega trends that our substrates help to enable – trends such as 5G telecommunications, data center upgrades, health monitoring, the internet of everything, and the proliferation of LED lighting and display,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “Year to date, we have increased revenue by 46% over the same period in 2020. With our new, expanded manufacturing facilities, we are able to accommodate increasing demand across these applications and others, while meeting the stringent technical requirements of Tier-1 customers. As such, 2021 is unfolding to be a pivotal year for our business. And as we look ahead, we believe 2022 will be another year of strong growth, with existing applications continuing to mature, and new ones being layered on to the current demand.”

Third Quarter 2021 Results

In order to provide better clarity on its operational and financial results, AXT will begin reporting its financial results on both a GAAP and non-GAAP basis. Non-GAAP results exclude stock-based compensation. Investors can find GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation tables in the financial statements in this press release.

  • Revenue for the third quarter of 2021 was $34.6 million, compared with $33.7 million in the second quarter of 2021 and $25.5 million for the third quarter of 2020. This is approximately 35 percent growth over the third quarter of 2020.
  • GAAP gross margin was 33.3 percent of revenue for the third quarter of 2021, compared with 36.3 percent of revenue in the second quarter of 2021 and 34.6 percent for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin was 33.8 percent of revenue for the third quarter of 2021, compared with 36.4 percent of revenue in the second quarter of 2021 and 34.8 percent for the third quarter of 2020.
  • GAAP operating expenses were $9.1 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared with $8.3 million in the second quarter of 2021 and $6.6 million for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Non-GAAP operating expenses were $7.7 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared with $7.4 million in the second quarter of 2021 and $6.0 million for the third quarter of 2020.
  • GAAP operating profit for the third quarter of 2021 was $2.4 million, compared with $3.9 million in the second quarter of 2021 and $2.2 million for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Non-GAAP operating profit for the third quarter of 2021 was $4.0 million, compared with $4.9 million in the second quarter of 2021 and $2.8 million for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Non-operating income and expense, net for the third quarter of 2021 was a gain of $1.4 million, compared with a gain of $0.5 million in the second quarter of 2021 and a loss of $1.2 million for the third quarter of 2020.
  • GAAP net income in the third quarter of 2021 was $3.8 million, or $0.09 per share, compared with net income of $4.4 million or $0.10 per share in the second quarter of 2021 and net income of $1.0 million or $0.02 per share for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Non-GAAP net income in the third quarter of 2021 was $5.4 million, or $0.13 per share, compared with net income of $5.4 million or $0.12 per share in the second quarter of 2021 and net income of $1.6 million or $0.04 per share for the third quarter of 2020.

STAR Market Listing Update

AXT previously announced on November 16, 2020 a strategic plan to access China’s capital markets and progress to an initial public offering by Beijing Tongmei Xtal Technology Co., Ltd. (“Tongmei”), its company in China, on the Shanghai Stock Exchange’s Sci-Tech innovAtion boaRd (the “STAR Market”). The company is currently preparing required documents for submission to the STAR Market authorities.

The process of going public on the STAR Market includes several periods of review and, therefore, is a lengthy process. Tongmei expects to accomplish this goal in mid-2022. AXT has posted a brief summary of the plan and the process on its website at www.axt.com.

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 8289338). The call will also be simulcast at www.axt.com. Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 8289338) until November 3, 2021. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company’s website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at http://www.axt.com or by calling the company’s Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT is a material science company that develops and manufactures high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrate wafers comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge). The company’s substrate wafers are used when a typical silicon substrate wafer cannot meet the performance requirements of a semiconductor or optoelectronic device. End markets include 5G infrastructure, data center connectivity (silicon photonics), passive optical networks, LED lighting, lasers, sensors, power amplifiers for wireless devices and satellite solar cells. AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California and includes sales, administration and customer service functions. AXT has its Asia headquarters in Beijing, China and manufacturing facilities in three separate locations in China. In addition, as part of its supply chain strategy, the Company has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials for its manufacturing process. For more information, see AXT’s website at http://www.axt.com.

Note Regarding Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

As discussed above, in addition to the company’s condensed consolidated financial statements, which are presented according to GAAP, the company provides certain non-GAAP financial information that excludes stock-based compensation. We believe that non-GAAP measures provide better comparability with our peer companies, many of which also use similar non-GAAP financial measures. Further, the company believes that these non-GAAP measures offer an important analytical tool to help investors understand the company’s core operating results and trends. These non-GAAP measures have certain limitations and are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP financial information. Please note that other companies may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently. A reconciliation of our GAAP consolidated financial statements to our non-GAAP consolidated financial statements is provided below.

Forward-Looking Statements

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding completing other preliminary steps in connection with the proposed listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, being accepted to list shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market and the timing and completion of such listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market. Additional examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, including technology trends and new applications, our market opportunity, our ability to lead our industry, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects and financial results. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the withdrawal, cancellations or requests for redemptions by private equity funds in China of investments in Tongmei, the administrative challenges in satisfying the requirements of various government agencies in China in connection with the investments in Tongmei and the listing of shares of Tongmei on the STAR Market, continued open access to companies to list shares on the STAR Market, investor enthusiasm for new listings of shares on the STAR Market and geopolitical tensions between China and the United States. Additional uncertainties and factors include, but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; our ability to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines and ramping of production; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; COVID-19 or other outbreaks of a contagious disease; tariffs and other trade war issues; the financial performance of our partially owned supply chain companies; policies and regulations in China; and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

FINANCIAL TABLES TO FOLLOW

AXT, INC.CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

                           
    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,   September 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020    
                           
Revenue   $ 34,576     $ 25,469     $ 99,661     $ 68,326    
Cost of revenue     23,075       16,646       64,386       47,213    
Gross profit     11,501       8,823       35,275       21,113    
Operating expenses:                          
Selling, general and administrative     6,476       4,623       17,841       14,119    
Research and development     2,629       2,023       7,571       4,973    
Total operating expenses     9,105       6,646       25,412       19,092    
Income from operations     2,396       2,177       9,863       2,021    
Interest expense, net     (44 )     (70 )     (55 )     (138 )  
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures     1,061       45       3,674       (243 )  
Other income (expense), net     948       (34 )     898       2,940    
Income before provision for (benefit from) income taxes     4,361       2,118       14,380       4,580    
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes     (135 )     637       1,504       1,923    
Net income     4,496       1,481       12,876       2,657    
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests     (696 )     (490 )     (1,266 )     (1,483 )  
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc.   $ 3,800     $ 991     $ 11,610     $ 1,174    
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:                          
Basic   $ 0.09     $ 0.02     $ 0.28     $ 0.03    
Diluted   $ 0.09     $ 0.02     $ 0.27     $ 0.03    
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                          
Basic     41,460       40,152       41,237       39,978    
Diluted     42,678       40,979       42,710       40,688    

AXT, INC.CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(Unaudited, in thousands)

               
       September 30,      December 31,   
    2021   2020  
               
ASSETS              
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 43,608     $ 72,602    
Short-term investments     5,681       240    
Accounts receivable, net     36,584       24,558    
Inventories     60,683       51,515    
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     13,062       15,603    
Total current assets     159,618       164,518    
Long-term investments     6,680       5,726    
Property, plant and equipment, net     131,617       115,825    
Operating lease right-of-use assets     2,401       2,683    
Other assets     15,347       10,110    
Total assets   $ 315,663     $ 298,862    
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY              
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable   $ 11,384     $ 12,669    
Accrued liabilities     12,670       15,995    
Bank loan     13,285       10,411    
Total current liabilities     37,339       39,075    
Long-term loan, related party     929          
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities     2,035       2,374    
Other long-term liabilities     1,628       1,881    
Total liabilities     41,931       43,330    
               
Redeemable noncontrolling interests     50,178       47,563    
               
Stockholders’ equity:              
Preferred stock     3,532       3,532    
Common stock     43       42    
Additional paid-in capital     230,517       230,381    
Accumulated deficit     (32,935 )     (44,545 )  
Accumulated other comprehensive income     4,583       3,209    
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity     205,740       192,619    
Noncontrolling interests     17,814       15,350    
Total stockholders’ equity     223,554       207,969    
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity   $ 315,663     $ 298,862    

AXT, INC.Reconciliation of Statements of Operations Under GAAP and Non-GAAP(Unaudited, in thousands)

                         
       Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
    2021      2020   2021      2020
GAAP gross profit   $ 11,501   $ 8,823   $ 35,275   $ 21,113
Stock compensation expense     188     28     263     83
Non-GAAP gross profit   $ 11,689   $ 8,851   $ 35,538   $ 21,196
                         
GAAP operating expenses   $ 9,105   $ 6,646   $ 25,412   $ 19,092
Stock compensation expense     1,451     619     3,168     1,847
Non-GAAP operating expenses   $ 7,654   $ 6,027   $ 22,244   $ 17,245
                         
GAAP income from operations   $ 2,396   $ 2,177   $ 9,863   $ 2,021
Stock compensation expense     1,639     647     3,431     1,930
Non-GAAP income from operations   $ 4,035   $ 2,824   $ 13,294   $ 3,951
                         
GAAP net income   $ 3,800   $ 991   $ 11,610   $ 1,174
Stock compensation expense     1,639     647     3,431     1,930
Non-GAAP net income   $ 5,439   $ 1,638   $ 15,041   $ 3,104
                         
GAAP net income per diluted share   $ 0.09   $ 0.02   $ 0.27   $ 0.03
Stock compensation expense     0.04     0.02     0.08     0.05
Non-GAAP net income per diluted share   $ 0.13   $ 0.04   $ 0.35   $ 0.07
                         
Shares used to compute diluted net income per share     42,678     40,979     42,710     40,688

Contacts:                Gary Fischer                Chief Financial Officer                (510) 438-4700

                Leslie Green                                Green Communications Consulting, LLC                (650) 312-9060

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