NASHVILLE, Tenn., May 5, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Brookdale Senior Living Inc. (NYSE: BKD) ("Brookdale" or the "Company") announced results for the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

(PRNewsfoto/Brookdale Senior Living Inc.)

HIGHLIGHTS

  • First quarter consolidated revenue per available unit (RevPAR) increased 11.0% year-over-year.
  • First quarter consolidated weighted average occupancy increased 380 basis points compared to the prior year quarter.
  • First quarter consolidated revenue per occupied unit (RevPOR) increased 5.3% year-over-year.

"We had a strong start to the year, with March's sequential occupancy growth and returning to December's occupancy, we have exceeded our historical sequential seasonal trend," said Lucinda ("Cindy") Baier, Brookdale's President and CEO. "We are making great progress on our 2022 strategic priorities. We delivered year-over-year double-digit RevPAR growth and our net hires nearly doubled from the fourth quarter. I am grateful for what our team has accomplished and look forward to accelerating our recovery."

SUMMARY OF FIRST QUARTER RESULTS

Same Community Senior Housing (Independent Living (IL), Assisted Living and Memory Care (AL/MC), and CCRCs)

The table below presents a summary of operating results and metrics of the Company's same community senior housing portfolio.(1)




Year-Over-Year

Increase / (Decrease)


Sequential

Increase / (Decrease)

($ in millions, except RevPAR and RevPOR)

1Q 2022

1Q 2021

Amount

Percent

4Q 2021

Amount

Percent

Senior housing resident fee revenue

$  614.4

$  553.8

$            60.6

10.9%

$  582.8

$            31.6

5.4%

Senior housing facility operating expense

$  493.3

$  445.5

$            47.8

10.7%

$  467.7

$            25.6

5.5%

RevPAR

$  4,037

$  3,638

$             399

11.0%

$  3,829

$             208

5.4%

Weighted average occupancy

73.4%

69.5%

      390 bps

n/a

73.5%

      (10) bps

n/a

RevPOR

$  5,502

$  5,235

$             267

5.1%

$  5,212

$             290

5.6%



(1)

The same community senior housing portfolio includes operating results and data for 635 communities consolidated and operational for the full period in both comparison years. Consolidated communities excluded from the same community portfolio include communities acquired or disposed of since the beginning of the prior year, communities classified as assets held for sale, certain communities planned for disposition, certain communities that have undergone or are undergoing expansion, redevelopment, and repositioning projects, and certain communities that have experienced a casualty event that significantly impacts their operations. To aid in comparability, same community operating results exclude natural disaster expense.



 

  • Resident fees.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021:
      • Same community resident fees increased due to the increases in occupancy and RevPOR.
      • The increase in occupancy primarily reflects the impact of the Company's execution on key initiatives to rebuild occupancy lost due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
      • The increase in RevPOR was primarily the result of in-place rate increases and an occupancy mix shift to more memory care and skilled nursing services.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021:
      • Same community resident fees increased primarily due to the increase in RevPOR, reflecting in-place rate increases.
      • The sequential weighted average occupancy change was nearly flat, representing the best first quarter sequential occupancy change in ten years.
  • Facility operating expense.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021:
      • The increase was primarily due to an increase in labor expense primarily resulting from an increase in the use of contract labor and overtime to cover open positions as well as merit and market wage rate adjustments, partially offset by a decrease in incremental direct labor costs to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.
      • As a result of increased occupancy since the prior year period, higher food and repairs and maintenance costs also contributed to the increase in same community facility operating expense.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021:
      • The increase was primarily due to an increase in labor expense resulting from wage rate adjustments and an increase in employee benefits expense, partially offset by a decrease in costs as a result of fewer days of expense during the first quarter of 2022 and a decreased use of contract labor to cover open positions.
      • Increases in marketing and customer acquisition costs and utilities costs also contributed to the increase in same community facility operating expense.
    • The Company's same community senior housing portfolio incurred $10.0 million, $3.2 million, and $24.7 million of incremental direct costs during the first quarter of 2022, fourth quarter of 2021, and first quarter of 2021, respectively, to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, including costs for: acquisition of personal protective equipment, medical equipment, and cleaning and disposable food service supplies; enhanced cleaning and environmental sanitation; increased employee-related costs, including labor, workers compensation, and health plan expense; and COVID-19 testing of residents and associates where not otherwise covered by government payor or third-party insurance sources.

Consolidated

The table below presents a summary of consolidated operating results.



Year-Over-Year

Increase /
(Decrease)



Sequential

Increase /
(Decrease)

($ in millions)

1Q 2022

1Q 2021

Amount

Percent


4Q 2021

Amount

Percent

Senior housing resident fee revenue

$     637.0

$   577.5

$     59.5

10.3%


$   605.4

$     31.6

5.2%

Health Care Services resident fee revenue (2)

86.9

(86.9)

n/a


n/a

     Total resident fee revenue

637.0

664.4

(27.4)

(4.1)%


605.4

31.6

5.2%

Management fee revenue

3.3

8.6

(5.3)

(61.6)%


3.4

(0.1)

(2.9)%

Other operating income

0.4

10.7

(10.3)

(96.3)%


0.2

0.2

100.0%

Senior housing facility operating expense

512.8

469.3

43.5

9.3%


488.3

24.5

5.0%

Health Care Services facility operating

  expense (2)

87.0

(87.0)

n/a


n/a

     Total facility operating expense

512.8

556.3

(43.5)

(7.8)%


488.3

24.5

5.0%

General and administrative expense

45.1

49.9

(4.8)

(9.6)%


38.8

6.3

16.2%

Net income (loss)

(100.0)

(108.3)

(8.3)

(7.7)%


(81.7)

18.3

22.4%

Adjusted EBITDA (3)

37.2

35.0

2.2

6.3%


35.8

1.4

3.9%



(2)

The Company sold 80% of its equity in its Health Care Services segment (the "HCS Sale") on July 1, 2021. For periods beginning July 1, 2021, the results and financial position of the Health Care Services segment were deconsolidated from the Company's consolidated financial statements. 

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA is a financial measure that is not calculated in accordance with GAAP. See "Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for the Company's definition of such measure, reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measure, and other important information regarding the use of the Company's non-GAAP financial measures.



  • Senior housing resident fee revenue.
    • The changes in senior housing resident fee revenue were primarily due to the same community operating results discussed above.
    • The year-over-year changes were also impacted by the disposition of six communities through sales of owned communities and lease terminations since the beginning of the first quarter of 2021.

The table below sets forth the Company's recent consolidated occupancy trend.

2021

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Weighted average

70.0%

69.4%

69.4%

69.9%

70.5%

71.2%

72.0%

72.5%

73.0%

73.3%

73.5%

73.6%

Month end

70.4%

70.1%

70.6%

71.1%

71.6%

72.6%

73.3%

73.7%

74.2%

74.5%

74.3%

74.5%






2022

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

Weighted average

73.4%

73.3%

73.6%

73.9%

Month end

74.2%

74.4%

75.0%

75.3%

  • Other operating income.
    • The Company recognized $0.4 million of government grants as other operating income during the first quarter of 2022, compared to $0.2 million of government grants during the fourth quarter of 2021 and $10.7 million of government grants and credits during the first quarter of 2021.
    • During the three months ended December 31, 2021, the Company applied for the Phase 4 general distribution from the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund ("Provider Relief Fund") administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS"), under which grants have been made available to eligible healthcare providers for healthcare related expenses or lost revenues attributable to COVID-19. The Company expects to receive the Phase 4 general distribution during the second quarter of 2022. There can be no assurance that the Company will qualify for, or receive, such future grants in the amount it expects or that additional restrictions on the permissible uses or terms and conditions of the grants will not be imposed by HHS.
  • Senior housing facility operating expense.
    • The changes in senior housing facility operating expense were primarily due to the same community operating results discussed above.
    • The year-over-year changes were also impacted by the disposition of communities since the beginning of the first quarter of 2021.
  • General and administrative expense.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The decrease in general and administrative expense was primarily attributable to decreases in compensation costs primarily as a result of reductions in the Company's corporate headcount related to the HCS Sale, transaction and organizational restructuring costs, and non-cash stock-based compensation expense.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The increase in general and administrative expense was primarily attributable to increases in estimated incentive compensation costs, payroll taxes, and estimated employee benefits expense.
  • Net income (loss).
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The decrease in net loss was primarily attributable to decreases in interest expense and facility operating lease expense compared to the prior year period, as well as the net impact of the revenue, other operating income, facility operating expense, and general and administrative expense factors previously discussed.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The increase in net loss was primarily attributable to a $21.4 million decrease in benefit for income taxes, partially offset by the net impact of the revenue, other operating income, facility operating expense, and general and administrative expense factors previously discussed.
  • Adjusted EBITDA.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily attributable to the increase in senior housing resident fee revenue and decrease in general and administrative expense (excluding non-cash stock-based compensation expense and transaction and organizational restructuring costs), partially offset by the increase in senior housing facility operating expense and decrease in other operating income.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily attributable to the increase in senior housing resident fee revenue, partially offset by the increases in senior housing facility operating expense and general and administrative expense (excluding non-cash stock based compensation expense and transaction and organizational restructuring costs).
  • COVID-19 pandemic update.
    • The Company continues to execute on key initiatives to rebuild occupancy lost due to the pandemic while maintaining rate discipline.
    • As of April 30, 2022, all of the Company's communities were open for new resident move-ins. The Company may revert to more restrictive measures at its communities, including restrictions on visitors and move-ins, if the pandemic worsens, as a result of infections at a community, as necessary to comply with regulatory requirements, or at the direction of authorities having jurisdiction.

LIQUIDITY

The table below presents a summary of the Company's net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, non-development capital expenditures, net, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow.



Year-Over-
Year

Increase /
(Decrease)


Sequential

Increase /
(Decrease)

($ in millions)

1Q 2022

1Q 2021

4Q 2021

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$            (23.3)

$            (23.9)

$              (0.6)

$            (81.4)

$            (58.1)

Non-development capital expenditures, net

39.3

27.5

11.8

46.0

(6.7)

Adjusted Free Cash Flow (4)

(53.5)

(50.7)

(2.8)

(138.7)

85.2



(4)

Adjusted Free Cash Flow is a financial measure that is not calculated in accordance with GAAP. See "Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for the Company's definition of such measure, reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measure and other important information regarding the use of the Company's non-GAAP financial measures.



  • Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The decrease in net cash used in operating activities was primarily attributable to an increase in same community revenue and a decrease in general and administrative expense compared to the prior year period. These changes were partially offset by an increase in same community facility operating expense and a decrease in lessor reimbursements for capital expenditures for operating leases.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The decrease in net cash used in operating activities was primarily attributable to $31.6 million paid during the prior period for previously deferred payroll taxes and an increase in same community revenue compared to the prior period.
  • Non-development capital expenditures.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The increase in non-development capital expenditures, net was primarily attributable to increased investment in the current year period attributable to the reopening of communities for move-ins as the Company continues to execute on key initiatives to rebuild occupancy lost due to the pandemic.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The decrease in non-development capital expenditures, net was primarily attributable to decreased expenditures as various communities experienced restrictions due to the pandemic.
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 1Q 2021: The $2.8 million change in Adjusted Free Cash Flow was primarily attributable to an increase in non-development capital expenditures, net compared to the prior year period and an increase in same community facility operating expense. These changes were partially offset by an increase in same community revenue and a decrease in general and administrative expense compared to the prior year period.
    • 1Q 2022 vs 4Q 2021: The $85.2 million change in Adjusted Free Cash Flow was primarily attributable to the change in net cash used in operating activities, excluding $21.3 million of changes in prepaid insurance premiums financed with notes payable, and a decrease in non-development capital expenditures, net compared to the prior period.
  • Total Liquidity. Total liquidity of $475.9 million as of March 31, 2022 included $289.2 million of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, $179.3 million of marketable securities, and $7.4 million of availability on the Company's secured credit facility. Total liquidity as of March 31, 2022 decreased $60.9 million from December 31, 2021, primarily attributable to negative $53.5 million of Adjusted Free Cash Flow and $9.7 million of payments of mortgage debt.

2022 OUTLOOK

Based on results year-to-date, the Company reiterates its full year 2022 guidance:


Full Year 2022 Guidance

RevPAR growth

10% - 12%

Adjusted EBITDA

$240 million - $260 million



This guidance excludes the potential impact of any additional government financial relief, including distributions from the Provider Relief Fund, and future acquisition or disposition activity other than the planned disposition of two communities classified as held for sale and the termination of the Company's lease obligations on two communities for which it has provided notice of non-renewal. Reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure included in the foregoing guidance to the most comparable GAAP financial measure is not available without unreasonable effort due to the inherent difficulty in forecasting the timing or amounts of items required to reconcile Adjusted EBITDA from the Company's net income (loss). Variability in the timing or amounts of items required to reconcile the measure may have a significant impact on the Company's future GAAP results.

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

The Company will post on its website at www.brookdaleinvestors.com supplemental information relating to the Company's first quarter 2022 results, an updated investor presentation, and a copy of this earnings release. The supplemental information and a copy of this earnings release will also be furnished in a Form 8-K to be filed with the SEC.

EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL

Brookdale's management will conduct a conference call to discuss the financial results for the first quarter 2022 on May 6, 2022 at 9:00 AM ET. The conference call can be accessed by dialing (844) 200-6205 (from within the U.S.) or (929) 526-1599 (from outside of the U.S.) ten minutes prior to the scheduled start and referencing the access code "263465".

A webcast of the conference call will be available to the public on a listen-only basis at www.brookdaleinvestors.com. Please allow extra time before to the call to download the necessary software required to listen to the internet broadcast. A replay of the webcast will be available through the website following the call.

For those who cannot listen to the live call, a replay of the webcast will be available until 11:59 PM ET on May 13, 2022 by dialing (866) 813-9403 (from within the U.S.) or +44 (204) 525-0658 (from outside of the U.S.) and referencing access code "007204".

ABOUT BROOKDALE SENIOR LIVING

Brookdale Senior Living Inc. is the nation's premier operator of senior living communities. The Company is committed to its mission of enriching the lives of the people it serves with compassion, respect, excellence, and integrity. The Company operates independent living, assisted living, memory care, and continuing care retirement communities. Through its comprehensive network, Brookdale helps to provide seniors with care and services in an environment that feels like home. The Company's expertise in healthcare, hospitality, and real estate provides residents with opportunities to improve wellness, pursue passions and stay connected with friends and loved ones. Brookdale operates and manages 678 communities in 41 states as of March 31, 2022, with the ability to serve more than 60,000 residents. Brookdale's stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BKD. For more information, visit brookdale.com or connect with Brookdale on Facebook or Twitter.

DEFINITIONS OF RevPAR AND RevPOR

RevPAR, or average monthly senior housing resident fee revenue per available unit, is defined by the Company as resident fee revenue for the corresponding portfolio for the period (excluding revenue from the former Health Care Services segment, revenue for private duty services provided to seniors living outside of the Company's communities, and entrance fee amortization), divided by the weighted average number of available units in the corresponding portfolio for the period, divided by the number of months in the period.

RevPOR, or average monthly senior housing resident fee revenue per occupied unit, is defined by the Company as resident fee revenue for the corresponding portfolio for the period (excluding revenue from the former Health Care Services segment, revenue for private duty services provided to seniors living outside of the Company's communities, and entrance fee amortization), divided by the weighted average number of occupied units in the corresponding portfolio for the period, divided by the number of months in the period.

SAFE HARBOR

Certain statements in this press release and the associated earnings call may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and include all statements that are not historical statements of fact and those regarding the Company's intent, belief or expectations. Forward-looking statements are generally identifiable by use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "will," "should," "could," "would," "potential," "intend," "expect," "endeavor," "seek," "anticipate," "estimate," "believe," "project," "predict," "continue," "plan," "target," or other similar words or expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations, and the Company's ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Although the Company believes that expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that its assumptions or expectations will be attained and actual results and performance could differ materially from those projected. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's operations and future prospects or which could cause events or circumstances to differ from the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the response efforts of federal, state, and local government authorities, businesses, individuals, and the Company on the Company's business, results of operations, cash flow, revenue, expenses, liquidity, and its strategic initiatives, including plans for future growth, which will depend on many factors, some of which cannot be foreseen, including the duration, severity, and breadth of the pandemic and any resurgence or variants of the disease, the impact of COVID-19 on the nation's economy and debt and equity markets and the local economies in the Company's markets, the development, availability, utilization, and efficacy of COVID-19 testing, therapeutic agents, and vaccines and the prioritization of such resources among businesses and demographic groups, government financial and regulatory relief efforts that may become available to business and individuals, including the Company's ability to qualify for and satisfy the terms and conditions of financial relief, perceptions regarding the safety of senior living communities during and after the pandemic, changes in demand for senior living communities and the Company's ability to adapt its sales and marketing efforts to meet that demand, the impact of COVID-19 on the Company's residents' and their families' ability to afford its resident fees, including due to changes in unemployment rates, consumer confidence, housing markets, and equity markets caused by COVID-19, changes in the acuity levels of the Company's new residents, the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on seniors generally and those residing in the Company's communities, the duration and costs of the Company's response efforts, including increased equipment, supplies, labor, litigation, testing, vaccination clinic, health plan, and other expenses, potentially greater use of contract labor and overtime due to COVID-19 and general labor market conditions, the impact of COVID-19 on the Company's ability to complete financings and refinancings of various assets, or other transactions or to generate sufficient cash flow to cover required debt, interest, and lease payments and to satisfy financial and other covenants in its debt and lease documents, increased regulatory requirements, including the costs of unfunded, mandatory testing of residents and associates and provision of test kits to the Company's health plan participants, increased enforcement actions resulting from COVID-19, government action that may limit the Company's collection or discharge efforts for delinquent accounts, and the frequency and magnitude of legal actions and liability claims that may arise due to COVID-19 or the Company's response efforts; events which adversely affect the ability of seniors to afford resident fees, including downturns in the economy, housing market, consumer confidence, or the equity markets and unemployment among resident family members; changes in reimbursement rates, methods, or timing under governmental reimbursement programs including the Medicare and Medicaid programs; the effects of senior housing construction and development, lower industry occupancy (including due to the pandemic), and increased competition; conditions of housing markets, regulatory changes, acts of nature, and the effects of climate change in geographic areas where the Company is concentrated; terminations of the Company's resident agreements and vacancies in the living spaces it leases, including due to the pandemic; failure to maintain the security and functionality of the Company's information systems, to prevent a cybersecurity attack or breach, or to comply with applicable privacy and consumer protection laws, including HIPAA; the Company's ability to complete its capital expenditures in accordance with its plans; the Company's ability to identify and pursue development, investment, and acquisition opportunities and its ability to successfully integrate acquisitions; competition for the acquisition of assets; the Company's ability to complete pending or expected disposition, acquisition, or other transactions on agreed upon terms or at all, including in respect of the satisfaction of closing conditions, the risk that regulatory approvals are not obtained or are subject to unanticipated conditions, and uncertainties as to the timing of closing, and the Company's ability to identify and pursue any such opportunities in the future; risks related to the implementation of the Company's strategy, including initiatives undertaken to execute on the Company's strategic priorities and their effect on its results; limits on the Company's ability to use net operating loss carryovers to reduce future tax payments; delays in obtaining regulatory approvals; disruptions in the financial markets or decreases in the appraised values or performance of the Company's communities that affect the Company's ability to obtain financing or extend or refinance debt as it matures and the Company's financing costs; the Company's ability to generate sufficient cash flow to cover required interest, principal, and long-term lease payments and to fund its planned capital projects; the effect of the Company's non-compliance with any of its debt or lease agreements (including the financial covenants contained therein), including the risk of lenders or lessors declaring a cross default in the event of the Company's non-compliance with any such agreements and the risk of loss of the Company's property securing leases and indebtedness due to any resulting lease terminations and foreclosure actions; the effect of the Company's indebtedness and long-term leases on the Company's liquidity and its ability to operate its business; increases in market interest rates that increase the costs of the Company's debt obligations; the Company's ability to obtain additional capital on terms acceptable to it; departures of key officers and potential disruption caused by changes in management; increased competition for, or a shortage of, associates (including due to the pandemic or general labor market conditions), wage pressures resulting from increased competition, low unemployment levels, minimum wage increases and changes in overtime laws, and union activity; environmental contamination at any of the Company's communities; failure to comply with existing environmental laws; an adverse determination or resolution of complaints filed against the Company, including putative class action complaints; the cost and difficulty of complying with increasing and evolving regulation; costs to respond to, and adverse determinations resulting from, government reviews, audits and investigations; changes in, or its failure to comply with, employment-related laws and regulations; unanticipated costs to comply with legislative or regulatory developments; the risks associated with current global economic conditions and general economic factors such as inflation, the consumer price index, commodity costs, fuel and other energy costs, competition in the labor market, costs of salaries, wages, benefits, and insurance, interest rates, and tax rates; the impact of seasonal contagious illness or an outbreak of COVID-19 or other contagious disease in the markets in which the Company operates; actions of activist stockholders, including a proxy contest; as well as other risks detailed from time to time in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including those set forth in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements in such SEC filings. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements, which reflect management's views as of the date of this press release and/or associated earnings call. The Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements, and, except as required by law, it expressly disclaims any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained in this press release and/or associated earnings call to reflect any change in the Company's expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any statement is based.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations



Three Months Ended

March 31,

(in thousands, except per share data)

2022


2021

Revenue




     Resident fees

$       636,974


$       664,350

     Management fees

3,329


8,566

     Reimbursed costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

37,141


65,794

     Other operating income

376


10,735

          Total revenue and other operating income

677,820


749,445





Expense




     Facility operating expense (excluding facility depreciation and amortization of $79,932 and
       $77,274, respectively)

512,764


556,312

     General and administrative expense (including non-cash stock-based compensation expense
       of $3,885 and $4,783, respectively)

45,126


49,943

     Facility operating lease expense

41,564


44,418

     Depreciation and amortization

85,684


83,891

     Asset impairment

9,075


10,677

     Costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

37,141


65,794

          Total operating expense

731,354


811,035

          Income (loss) from operations

(53,534)


(61,590)





Interest income

95


421

Interest expense:




     Debt

(33,157)


(35,351)

     Financing lease obligations

(12,058)


(11,383)

     Amortization of deferred financing costs

(1,542)


(1,915)

     Change in fair value of derivatives

3,403


42

Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures

(4,894)


(531)

Gain (loss) on sale of assets, net

(294)


1,112

Other non-operating income (loss)

(27)


1,644

Income (loss) before income taxes

(102,008)


(107,551)

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

1,976


(752)

Net income (loss)

(100,032)


(108,303)

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

19


18

Net income (loss) attributable to Brookdale Senior Living Inc. common stockholders

$     (100,013)


$      (108,285)





Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Brookdale Senior Living Inc.
common stockholders

$            (0.54)


$            (0.59)





Weighted average shares used in computing basic and diluted net income (loss) per share

185,916


184,011

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets


(in thousands)

March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021

Cash and cash equivalents

$                    289,247


$                    347,031

Marketable securities

179,260


182,393

Restricted cash

24,791


26,845

Accounts receivable, net

49,952


51,137

Assets held for sale

3,658


3,642

Prepaid expenses and other current assets, net

107,988


87,946

          Total current assets

654,896


698,994

Property, plant and equipment and leasehold intangibles, net

4,874,044


4,904,292

Operating lease right-of-use assets

588,935


630,423

Other assets, net

177,102


176,758

          Total assets

$                 6,294,977


$                 6,410,467





Current portion of long-term debt

$                    207,751


$                       63,125

Current portion of financing lease obligations

28,559


22,151

Current portion of operating lease obligations

147,831


148,642

Other current liabilities

408,757


398,036

          Total current liabilities

792,898


631,954

Long-term debt, less current portion

3,640,784


3,778,087

Financing lease obligations, less current portion

529,681


532,136

Operating lease obligations, less current portion

647,571


681,876

Other liabilities

84,764


86,791

          Total liabilities

5,695,698


5,710,844

Total Brookdale Senior Living Inc. stockholders' equity

597,077


697,402

Noncontrolling interest

2,202


2,221

          Total equity

599,279


699,623

          Total liabilities and equity

$                 6,294,977


$                 6,410,467

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows



Three Months Ended March 31,

(in thousands)

2022


2021

Cash Flows from Operating Activities




Net income (loss)

$            (100,032)


$            (108,303)

  Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:




     Depreciation and amortization, net

87,226


85,806

     Asset impairment

9,075


10,677

     Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures

4,894


531

     Distributions from unconsolidated ventures from cumulative share of net earnings

561


     Amortization of entrance fees

(726)


(364)

     Proceeds from deferred entrance fee revenue

1,036


670

     Deferred income tax (benefit) provision

(2,304)


319

     Operating lease expense adjustment

(8,307)


(4,664)

     Change in fair value of derivatives

(3,403)


(42)

     Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net

294


(1,112)

     Non-cash stock-based compensation expense

3,885


4,783

     Other

(43)


(1,416)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:




     Accounts receivable, net

1,185


(5,768)

     Prepaid expenses and other assets, net

(4,734)


(6,769)

     Prepaid insurance premiums financed with notes payable

(16,629)


(12,985)

     Trade accounts payable and accrued expenses

(2,630)


(500)

     Refundable fees and deferred revenue

5,907


7,717

     Operating lease assets and liabilities for lessor capital expenditure
        reimbursements

1,490


7,563

       Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

(23,255)


(23,857)

Cash Flows from Investing Activities




     Change in lease security deposits and lease acquisition deposits, net

155


(62)

     Purchase of marketable securities

(125,990)


(79,932)

     Sale and maturities of marketable securities

129,000


117,995

     Capital expenditures, net of related payables

(39,956)


(40,361)

     Investment in unconsolidated ventures

(82)


(5,206)

     Proceeds from sale of assets, net

710


3,760

       Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(36,163)


(3,806)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities




     Proceeds from debt

25,258


18,575

     Repayment of debt and financing lease obligations

(21,440)


(49,924)

     Payment of financing costs, net of related payables

(76)


(87)

     Payments of employee taxes for withheld shares

(4,145)


(4,329)

     Other


203

       Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(403)


(35,562)

          Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

(59,821)


(63,225)

          Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

438,314


465,148

          Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period

$              378,493


$              401,923

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This earnings release contains the financial measures Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow, which are not calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Presentations of these non-GAAP financial measures are intended to aid investors in better understanding the factors and trends affecting the Company's performance and liquidity. However, investors should not consider these non-GAAP financial measures as a substitute for financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP, including net income (loss), income (loss) from operations, or net cash provided by (used in) operating activities. The Company cautions investors that amounts presented in accordance with the Company's definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by other companies because not all companies calculate non-GAAP measures in the same manner. The Company urges investors to review the following reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures from the most comparable financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP performance measure that the Company defines as net income (loss) excluding: benefit/provision for income taxes, non-operating income/expense items, and depreciation and amortization; and further adjusted to exclude income/expense associated with non-cash, non-operational, transactional, cost reduction, or organizational restructuring items that management does not consider as part of the Company's underlying core operating performance and that management believes impact the comparability of performance between periods. For the periods presented herein, such other items include non-cash impairment charges, gain/loss on facility operating lease termination, operating lease expense adjustment, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and transaction and organizational restructuring costs. Transaction costs include those directly related to acquisition, disposition, financing, and leasing activity, and are primarily comprised of legal, finance, consulting, professional fees, and other third-party costs. Organizational restructuring costs include those related to the Company's efforts to reduce general and administrative expense and its senior leadership changes, including severance.

The Company believes that presentation of Adjusted EBITDA as a performance measure is useful to investors because (i) it is one of the metrics used by the Company's management for budgeting and other planning purposes, to review the Company's historic and prospective core operating performance, and to make day-to-day operating decisions; (ii) it provides an assessment of operational factors that management can impact in the short-term, namely revenues and the controllable cost structure of the organization, by eliminating items related to the Company's financing and capital structure and other items that management does not consider as part of the Company's underlying core operating performance and that management believes impact the comparability of performance between periods; and (iii) the Company believes that this measure is used by research analysts and investors to evaluate the Company's operating results and to value companies in its industry.

Adjusted EBITDA has material limitations as a performance measure, including: (i) excluded interest and income tax are necessary to operate the Company's business under its current financing and capital structure; (ii) excluded depreciation, amortization and impairment charges may represent the wear and tear and/or reduction in value of the Company's communities, goodwill, and other assets and may be indicative of future needs for capital expenditures; and (iii) the Company may incur income/expense similar to those for which adjustments are made, such as gain/loss on sale of assets, facility operating lease termination, or debt modification and extinguishment, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and transaction and other costs, and such income/expense may significantly affect the Company's operating results.

The tables below reconcile the Company's Adjusted EBITDA from net income (loss).


Three Months Ended

(in thousands)

March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


March 31, 2021

Net income (loss)

$                    (100,032)


$                     (81,720)


$                    (108,303)

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

(1,976)


(23,402)


752

Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures

4,894


1,547


531

Loss (gain) on debt modification and extinguishment, net


1,932


Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net

294


573


(1,112)

Other non-operating (income) loss

27


(740)


(1,644)

Interest expense

43,354


48,115


48,607

Interest income

(95)


(301)


(421)

     Income (loss) from operations

(53,534)


(53,996)


(61,590)

Depreciation and amortization

85,684


85,571


83,891

Asset impairment

9,075


9,609


10,677

Loss (gain) on facility operating lease termination, net


(2,003)


Operating lease expense adjustment

(8,307)


(7,017)


(4,664)

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense

3,885


3,392


4,783

Transaction and organizational restructuring costs

373


293


1,884

     Adjusted EBITDA(5)

$                        37,176


$                      35,849


$                       34,981



(5)

Adjusted EBITDA includes $0.4 million, $0.2 million, and $10.7 million benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2022, December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, respectively, of government grants and credits recognized in other operating income.



Adjusted Free Cash Flow

Adjusted Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP liquidity measure that the Company defines as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities before: distributions from unconsolidated ventures from cumulative share of net earnings, changes in prepaid insurance premiums financed with notes payable, changes in operating lease assets and liabilities for lease termination, cash paid/received for gain/loss on facility operating lease termination, and lessor capital expenditure reimbursements under operating leases; plus: property insurance proceeds and proceeds from refundable entrance fees, net of refunds; less: non-development capital expenditures and payment of financing lease obligations. Non-development capital expenditures are comprised of corporate and community-level capital expenditures, including those related to maintenance, renovations, upgrades, and other major building infrastructure projects for the Company's communities and is presented net of lessor reimbursements. Non-development capital expenditures do not include capital expenditures for: community expansions, major community redevelopment and repositioning projects, and the development of new communities.

The Company believes that presentation of Adjusted Free Cash Flow as a liquidity measure is useful to investors because (i) it is one of the metrics used by the Company's management for budgeting and other planning purposes, to review the Company's historic and prospective sources of operating liquidity, and to review the Company's ability to service its outstanding indebtedness, pay dividends to stockholders, engage in share repurchases, and make capital expenditures, including development capital expenditures; and (ii) it provides an indicator to management to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow has material limitations as a liquidity measure, including: (i) it does not represent cash available for dividends, share repurchases, or discretionary expenditures since certain non-discretionary expenditures, including mandatory debt principal payments, are not reflected in this measure; (ii) the cash portion of non-recurring charges related to gain/loss on facility lease termination generally represent charges/gains that may significantly affect the Company's liquidity; and (iii) the impact of timing of cash expenditures, including the timing of non-development capital expenditures, limits the usefulness of the measure for short-term comparisons.

The tables below reconcile Adjusted Free Cash Flow from net cash provided by (used in) operating activities.


Three Months Ended

(in thousands)

March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


March 31, 2021

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$                     (23,255)


$                     (81,387)


$                     (23,857)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(36,163)


(20,272)


(3,806)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(403)


(37,926)


(35,562)

          Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents,
               and restricted cash

$                     (59,821)


$                   (139,585)


$                     (63,225)







Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$                     (23,255)


$                     (81,387)


$                     (23,857)

Distributions from unconsolidated ventures from
     cumulative share of net earnings

(561)



Changes in prepaid insurance premiums financed with
     notes payable

16,629


(4,634)


12,985

Changes in operating lease assets and liabilities for lease
     termination


2,380


Changes in assets and liabilities for lessor capital
     expenditure reimbursements under operating leases

(1,490)


(3,908)


(7,563)

Non-development capital expenditures, net

(39,326)


(45,972)


(27,450)

Payment of financing lease obligations

(5,490)


(5,182)


(4,789)

     Adjusted Free Cash Flow (6)

$                     (53,493)


$                   (138,703)


$                     (50,674)




(6)

Adjusted Free Cash Flow includes:


$0.8 million, $0.6 million, and $1.7 million benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2022, December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, respectively, from government grants and credits received.


$1.8 million and $3.0 million recoupment of accelerated/advanced Medicare payments for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.


$31.6 million paid during the three months ended December 31, 2021 for payroll taxes deferred for the year ended December 31, 2020.




 

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SOURCE Brookdale Senior Living Inc.

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